How to format your references using the Clinical Nutrition Supplements citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Nutrition Supplements. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Malim MH. HIV: Ringside views. Nature. 2014;505(7482):167-168.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Atatüre M, Morton JJL. Quantum information. A gem of a quantum teleporter. Science. 2014;345(6196):510-511.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Tuomisto H, Ruokolainen K, Yli-Halla M. Dispersal, environment, and floristic variation of western Amazonian forests. Science. 2003;299(5604):241-244.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Rooney HCE, Van’t Klooster JW, van der Hoorn RAL, Joosten MHAJ, Jones JDG, de Wit PJGM. Cladosporium Avr2 inhibits tomato Rcr3 protease required for Cf-2-dependent disease resistance. Science. 2005;308(5729):1783-1786.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Shick PL. Topology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
1.
Gorodetsky V, Kotenko I, Skormin V, eds. Computer Network Security: Third International Workshop on Mathematical Methods, Models, and Architectures for Computer Network Security, MMM-ACNS 2005, St. Petersburg, Russia, September 24-28, 2005. Proceedings. Vol 3685. Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Clemente JB, Adorna HN. Some Improvements of Parallel Random Projection for Finding Planted (l,d)-Motifs. In: Nishizaki S-Y, Numao M, Caro J, Suarez MT, eds. Theory and Practice of Computation: 2nd Workshop on Computation: Theory and Practice, Manila, The Philippines, September 2012, Proceedings. Proceedings in Information and Communications Technology. Springer Japan; 2013:64-81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Nutrition Supplements.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R. This Artificial Retina Could Revolutionize The Way We Treat Sight Loss. IFLScience. Published March 14, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/artificial-retina-revolutionize-treat-sight-loss/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Multiple Launch Rocket System: Range Less Than Needed and Sustained Rocket Production Not Ensured. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Jaffer S. Harnessing innovation in the 21st century: the impact of leadership styles. Published online 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly MA. BUSINESS TRAVEL: ON THE GROUND -- Paris; A City of Good Food, Fashion and Corporate Drama. New York Times. May 13, 2003:C8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Nutrition Supplements
ISSN (print)1744-1161
Scope

Other styles