How to format your references using the Clinical Nutrition Supplements citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Nutrition Supplements. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Check E. Biologists wary that cash up front could mean cuts later. Nature. 2003;421(6924):677.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Benkovic SJ, Hammes-Schiffer S. A perspective on enzyme catalysis. Science. 2003;301(5637):1196-1202.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Verschuren D, Laird KR, Cumming BF. Rainfall and drought in equatorial east Africa during the past 1,100 years. Nature. 2000;403(6768):410-414.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Varoon K, Zhang X, Elyassi B, et al. Dispersible exfoliated zeolite nanosheets and their application as a selective membrane. Science. 2011;334(6052):72-75.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Allan D, Bragg N. 802.1aq Shortest Path Bridging Design and Evolution. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Cui C, Grandison L, Noronha A, eds. Neural-Immune Interactions in Brain Function and Alcohol Related Disorders. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
McCartney LN. Analytical Methods of Predicting Performance of Composite Materials. In: Altenbach H, Sadowski T, eds. Failure and Damage Analysis of Advanced Materials. CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences. Vienna: Springer; 2015:191-254.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Nutrition Supplements.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Meet The Healthy, Functioning Man Who Survived With Almost No Brain. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/man-tiny-brain-lived-normal-life/. Published October 7, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Nanotechnology: Improved Performance Information Needed for Environmental, Health, and Safety Research. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Cao Y. Morphological and Functional Characterization of the Neurotransmitter GABA in Adult Rat Taste Buds. 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
LISA W. FODERARO; Reporting for this article was contributed by Ford Fessenden, as well as by Kathleen McGrory in Westchester, Akhtar F, et al. That Sound You Hear? The Market Coming Down to Earth. New York Times. March 19, 2006:14WC5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Nutrition Supplements
ISSN (print)1744-1161
Scope

Other styles