How to format your references using the The Journal of Peasant Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Peasant Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sarewitz, D. 2009. World view: A tale of two sciences. Nature, 462(7273), 566.
A journal article with 2 authors
Venkatesan, A.K. and R.U. Halden. 2014. Wastewater treatment plants as chemical observatories to forecast ecological and human health risks of manmade chemicals. Scientific reports, 4, 3731.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang, L., A. Treisman, and H. Pashler. 2007. Characterizing the limits of human visual awareness. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5839), 823–5.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, S.-L., J. Li, Z.-L. Zhang, Z.-G. Wang, Z.-Q. Tian, G.-P. Wang, and D.-W. Pang. 2013. Fast and high-accuracy localization for three-dimensional single-particle tracking. Scientific reports, 3, 2462.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ohshima, H. 2010. Biophysical Chemistry of Biointerfaces. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sun, J., J. Liu, S. Fan, and F. Wang, eds. 2016. China Satellite Navigation Conference (CSNC) 2016 Proceedings: Volume II. Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Greenwood, J. and L. Brown. 2007. The Treaty, the Institution and the Chalkface: An Institution-wide Project in Teacher Education. In: T. Townsend and R. Bates, eds. Handbook of Teacher Education. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, pp. 67–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Peasant Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2013. Why Study Evolution? [online]. IFLScience. Available from: [Accessed 30 Oct 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Pricing of a Fixed-Price Incentive Contract Awarded to RCA Corporation by the Goddard Space Flight Center. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, No. PSAD-78-49.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Huff, J.A. 2010. Interactions of glyphosate and dicamba in controlling key weed species. Doctoral dissertation. Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yeginsu, C. and P.S. Rao. 2017. Malala Yousafzai, Girls’ Advocate Shot by Taliban, Has Been Accepted to Oxford. New York Times, 17 Aug, p. A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sarewitz 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Sarewitz 2009, Venkatesan and Halden 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Venkatesan and Halden 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Peasant Studies
AbbreviationJ. Peasant Stud.
ISSN (print)0306-6150
ISSN (online)1743-9361
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Cultural Studies

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