How to format your references using the The Journal of Peasant Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Peasant Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lake, J.A. 2009. Evidence for an early prokaryotic endosymbiosis. Nature, 460(7258), 967–71.
A journal article with 2 authors
Spitale, J.N. and C.C. Porco. 2007. Association of the jets of Enceladus with the warmest regions on its south-polar fractures. Nature, 449(7163), 695–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jia, H., J.R. Liggins, and W.S. Chow. 2014. Entropy and biological systems: experimentally-investigated entropy-driven stacking of plant photosynthetic membranes. Scientific reports, 4, 4142.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gehrels, N., D.J. Macomb, D.L. Bertsch, D.J. Thompson, and R.C. Hartman. 2000. Discovery of a new population of high-energy gamma-ray sources in the Milky Way. Nature, 404(6776), 363–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. 2008. Inherently Safer Chemical Processes. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zighed, D.A., S. Tsumoto, Z.W. Ras, and H. Hacid, eds. 2009. Mining Complex Data. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cataldo, F. 2005. From Elemental Carbon to Complex Macromolecular Networks in Space. In: P. Ehrenfreund, W. Irvine, T. Owen, L. Becker, J. Blank, J. Brucato, L. Colangeli, S. Derenne, A. Dutrey, D. Despois, A. Lazcano, and F. Robert, eds. Astrobiology: Future Perspectives. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, pp. 97–126.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Peasant Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. Check Out This Awesome View From a Blue Whale’s Back [online]. IFLScience. Available from: [Accessed 30 Oct 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2013. Data Center Consolidation: Strengthened Oversight Needed to Achieve Billions of Dollars in Savings. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, No. GAO-13-627T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carlson, L. 2010. From Albéniz to Arbós: The orchestration of “Iberia”. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G.G. 2011. Leaping Off the Pages in the Himalayas. New York Times, 30 Dec, p. C27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lake 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Spitale and Porco 2007, Lake 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Spitale and Porco 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Gehrels et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Peasant Studies
AbbreviationJ. Peasant Stud.
ISSN (print)0306-6150
ISSN (online)1743-9361
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Cultural Studies

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