How to format your references using the The Journal of Peasant Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Peasant Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Giles, J. 2002. Attosecond science: the fast show. Nature, 420(6917), 737.
A journal article with 2 authors
Esler, W.P. and M.S. Wolfe. 2001. A portrait of Alzheimer secretases--new features and familiar faces. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5534), 1449–54.
A journal article with 3 authors
González, E., J. Arbiol, and V.F. Puntes. 2011. Carving at the nanoscale: sequential galvanic exchange and Kirkendall growth at room temperature. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6061), 1377–80.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chao, W., K.D. Huynh, R.J. Spencer, L.S. Davidow, and J.T. Lee. 2002. CTCF, a candidate trans-acting factor for X-inactivation choice. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5553), 345–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hamdan, M. and P.G. Righetti. 2005. Proteomics Today. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kleinbaum, D.G. 2005. Survival Analysis: A Self-Learning Text. Second Edition. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Delicado, F.M., P. Cuenca, and L. Orozco-Barbosa. 2006. QoS-Aware Video Communications over TDMA/TDD Wireless Networks. In: P. Cuenca and L. Orozco-Barbosa, eds. Personal Wireless Communications: IFIP TC6 11th International Conference, PWC 2006, Albacete, Spain, September 20-22, 2006. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 50–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Peasant Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. Albert Einstein Told Marie Curie To Ignore The Haters [online]. IFLScience. Available from: [Accessed 30 Oct 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Survey of Pricing on NASA Contract. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, No. 912452.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pope, C. 2010. Words in the Garden. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lévy, B.-H. and G. Soros. 2015. Save the New Ukraine. New York Times, 27 Jan, p. A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Giles 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Esler and Wolfe 2001, Giles 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Esler and Wolfe 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Chao et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Peasant Studies
AbbreviationJ. Peasant Stud.
ISSN (print)0306-6150
ISSN (online)1743-9361
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Cultural Studies

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