How to format your references using the The Journal of Peasant Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Peasant Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nosonovsky, M. 2011. Materials science: slippery when wetted. Nature, 477(7365), 412–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hong, S. and T. Asai. 2014. Effect of panel shape of soccer ball on its flight characteristics. Scientific reports, 4, 5068.
A journal article with 3 authors
Deal, R.B., J.G. Henikoff, and S. Henikoff. 2010. Genome-wide kinetics of nucleosome turnover determined by metabolic labeling of histones. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5982), 1161–4.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, C.-M., H.-W. Lin, C.-L. Lu, and C. Chen. 2014. Effect of grain orientations of Cu seed layers on the growth of -oriented nanotwinned Cu. Scientific reports, 4, 6123.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Connor, D. 2009. God, Evil, and Design. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Bra, P.D., A. Kobsa, and D. Chin, eds. 2010. User Modeling, Adaptation, and Personalization: 18th International Conference, UMAP 2010, Big Island, HI, USA, June 20-24, 2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Chou, C.P. 2015. Higher Education Development in Taiwan. In: J.C. Shin, G.A. Postiglione, and F. Huang, eds. Mass Higher Education Development in East Asia: Strategy, Quality, and Challenges. Cham: Springer International Publishing, pp. 89–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Peasant Studies.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. 2017. Monkey Caught Trying To Have Sex With Deer [online]. IFLScience. Available from: [Accessed 30 Oct 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2001. Social Security Administration: Information Systems Could Improve Processing Attorney Fee Payments in Disability Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, No. GAO-01-796.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Purdioux, L. 2015. Predicting deception detection ability based on the concept of self-compassionate personality trait, openness personality structure, and agreeableness personality structure. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller, B. 2015. Squabbling, Hesitation and Luck Had Roles in Capture. New York Times, 30 Jun, p. A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nosonovsky 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Nosonovsky 2011, Hong and Asai 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hong and Asai 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Peasant Studies
AbbreviationJ. Peasant Stud.
ISSN (print)0306-6150
ISSN (online)1743-9361
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Cultural Studies

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