How to format your references using the The Journal of Peasant Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Peasant Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Irion, R. 2000. TELESCOPES: Astronomers Overcome ‘Aperture Envy’. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5476), 32–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Carlip, S. and S. Vaidya. 2003. Cosmology: Do black holes constrain varying constants? Nature, 421(6922), 498.
A journal article with 3 authors
Scarf, D., H. Hayne, and M. Colombo. 2011. Pigeons on par with primates in numerical competence. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6063), 1664.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Helenius, J., D.T.W. Ng, C.L. Marolda, P. Walter, M.A. Valvano, and M. Aebi. 2002. Translocation of lipid-linked oligosaccharides across the ER membrane requires Rft1 protein. Nature, 415(6870), 447–50.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Seyfried, T.N. 2012. Cancer as a Metabolic Disease. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Agarwal, V.V. 2008. Beginning C# 2008 Databases: From Novice to Professional. Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Wong, K., N.D. Holliday, and I.D. Kerr. 2016. Single Molecule or Ensemble Fluorescence Microscopy Investigations of ABC Transporter Oligomerisation and Dynamics. In: A.M. George, ed. ABC Transporters - 40 Years on. Cham: Springer International Publishing, pp. 85–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Peasant Studies.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2014. Animals Were Building Reefs 550 Million Years Ago [online]. IFLScience. Available from: [Accessed 30 Oct 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Important Progress Made, Yet Much Work Remains to Ensure Delivery of Critical Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, No. T-AIMD-99-266.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Delcambre, M.L. 2014. Finite Difference Schemes for a Structured Model of Mycobacterium marinum. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. 2015. A Dispute Over a Composer’s Burial Place, and His Legacy. New York Times, 7 Sep, p. A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Irion 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Irion 2000, Carlip and Vaidya 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Carlip and Vaidya 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Helenius et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Peasant Studies
AbbreviationJ. Peasant Stud.
ISSN (print)0306-6150
ISSN (online)1743-9361
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Cultural Studies

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