How to format your references using the Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rak J (2015) Cancer: Organ-seeking vesicles. Nature 527:312–314
A journal article with 2 authors
Hellmann H, Estelle M (2002) Plant development: regulation by protein degradation. Science 297:793–797
A journal article with 3 authors
Jackson DE, Holcombe M, Ratnieks FLW (2004) Trail geometry gives polarity to ant foraging networks. Nature 432:907–909
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhang D-W, Shao J, Lin J, et al (2009) RIP3, an energy metabolism regulator that switches TNF-induced cell death from apoptosis to necrosis. Science 325:332–336

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Xu QA, Madden TL (2011) Analytical Methods for Therapeutic Drug Monitoring and Toxicology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Roussak OV (2013) Applied Chemistry: A Textbook for Engineers and Technologists, 2nd ed. 2013. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Tytler R, Hubber P, Prain V (2013) Structuring Learning Sequences. In: Tytler R, Prain V, Hubber P, Waldrip B (eds) Constructing Representations to Learn in Science. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp 51–65

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Jupiter’s Core May Be Shrinking Faster Than Previously Believed. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) Weather Satellites: Cost Growth and Development Delays Jeopardize U.S. Forecasting Ability. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dinh H (2013) A study of cell-based genetic algorithms with applications to neural networks. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon J (2017) A Black-and-White Issue. New York Times AR1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Braz. Soc. Mech. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)1678-5878
ISSN (online)1806-3691
ScopeMechanical Engineering

Other styles