How to format your references using the Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Russo E (2002) Biodefence research. Nature 416:4–5
A journal article with 2 authors
Balasubramanian M, Schwartz EL (2002) The isomap algorithm and topological stability. Science 295:7
A journal article with 3 authors
Zou H, Zindler A, Niu Y (2002) Constraints on melt movement beneath the East Pacific Rise from 230Th-238U disequilibrium. Science 295:107–110
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Marichal C, Van Swygenhoven H, Van Petegem S, Borca C (2013) {110} Slip with {112} slip traces in bcc Tungsten. Sci Rep 3:2547

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Best P (2005) Implementing Value at Risk. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Poeppel D, Overath T, Popper AN, Fay RR (2012) The Human Auditory Cortex. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Koegel LK, Ashbaugh K, Koegel RL (2016) Pivotal Response Treatment. In: Lang R, Hancock TB, Singh NN (eds) Early Intervention for Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 85–112

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) The problem of false balance when reporting on science. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1984) Review of the National Center for Research in Vocational Education. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gross J (2010) High-performance dram system design constraints and considerations. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK (2005) World Briefing | Europe: Russia: At Least 20 Killed In Mall Fire. New York Times A12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Braz. Soc. Mech. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)1678-5878
ISSN (online)1806-3691
ScopeMechanical Engineering

Other styles