How to format your references using the Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shah R (2000) Short-sighted move to close the 12-m telescope. Nature 404:921
A journal article with 2 authors
Nathanson N, Fine P (2002) Virology. Poliomyelitis eradication--a dangerous endgame. Science 296:269–270
A journal article with 3 authors
Zwaan MA, van Dokkum PG, Verheijen MA (2001) Hydrogen 21-centimeter emission from a galaxy at cosmological distance. Science 293:1800–1802
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hou S-Y, Sheng Y-B, Feng G-R, Long G-L (2014) Experimental optimal single qubit purification in an NMR quantum information processor. Sci Rep 4:6857

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Braha A, Groza G (2006) Moderne Abwassertechnik. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG
An edited book
Christianson B, Crispo B, Malcolm JA, Roe M (2007) Security Protocols: 13th International Workshop, Cambridge, UK, April 20-22, 2005, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Libert B, Ling S, Mouhartem F, et al (2016) Zero-Knowledge Arguments for Matrix-Vector Relations and Lattice-Based Group Encryption. In: Cheon JH, Takagi T (eds) Advances in Cryptology – ASIACRYPT 2016: 22nd International Conference on the Theory and Application of Cryptology and Information Security, Hanoi, Vietnam, December 4-8, 2016, Proceedings, Part II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 101–131

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Remote-Controlled Cyborg Cockroaches Could Save Lives. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) Rural Development: Steps Towards Realizing the Potential of Telecommunications Technologies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ennaco WA (2014) Mastering morphosyntax: A pre-experimental study on the effectiveness of a parent-training program for preschoolaged children with specific language impairment. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK (2004) World Briefing | Europe: Russia: 10 Tons Of Cold Ones. New York Times A12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Braz. Soc. Mech. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)1678-5878
ISSN (online)1806-3691
ScopeMechanical Engineering

Other styles