How to format your references using the Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Beattie GA (2015) Microbiomes: Curating communities from plants. Nature 528:340–341
A journal article with 2 authors
Audet P, Bürgmann R (2014) Possible control of subduction zone slow-earthquake periodicity by silica enrichment. Nature 510:389–392
A journal article with 3 authors
Hernández JV, Kay ER, Leigh DA (2004) A reversible synthetic rotary molecular motor. Science 306:1532–1537
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Chen B, Zeng X, Baumeister U, et al (2005) Liquid crystalline networks composed of pentagonal, square, and triangular cylinders. Science 307:96–99

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mascia L (2011) Polymers in Industry from A-Z. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Hänsler E, Schmidt G (2008) Speech and Audio Processing in Adverse Environments. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Wang X, Jiang L, Thiele L, Wang Y (2016) Secret Key Extraction with Quantization Randomness Using Hadamard Matrix on QuaDRiGa Channel. In: Qing S, Okamoto E, Kim K, Liu D (eds) Information and Communications Security: 17th International Conference, ICICS 2015, Beijing, China, December 9-11, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 50–61

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) More Bright Galaxies Discovered In The Early Universe. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003) Transportation Security: Post-September 11th Initiatives and Long-Term Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thiss PJ (2009) Effects of dedicated academic support services on the persistence rates of California Community College student-athletes. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW (2013) Pension Funds Wary as Bankrupt City Goes to Trial. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Braz. Soc. Mech. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)1678-5878
ISSN (online)1806-3691
ScopeMechanical Engineering

Other styles