How to format your references using the Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain C (2000) Bell Labs win superconductivity patent. Nature 403:121–122
A journal article with 2 authors
Lloyd K, White J (2011) Democratizing clinical research. Nature 474:277–278
A journal article with 3 authors
Martill DM, Tischlinger H, Longrich NR (2015) EVOLUTION. A four-legged snake from the Early Cretaceous of Gondwana. Science 349:416–419
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Guo S, Wang Y, Zhou D, Li Z (2014) Significantly increased monounsaturated lipids relative to polyunsaturated lipids in six types of cancer microenvironment are observed by mass spectrometry imaging. Sci Rep 4:5959

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cayoun BA (2015) Mindfulness-integrated CBT for Well-being and Personal Growth. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Lindley S, McBride C, Trinder P, Sannella D (2016) A List of Successes That Can Change the World: Essays Dedicated to Philip Wadler on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Hettige S (2015) Neo-Liberal Reforms, the Ethnic Conflict and the Decline of Liberal Democracy in Sri Lanka. In: Wolf SO, Schöttli J, Frommherz D, et al (eds) Politics in South Asia: Culture, Rationality and Conceptual Flow. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 61–72

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Tiny Monkey Causes Nationwide Blackout In Kenya. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1980) The Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bryant MG (2017) The Development of the Massive Open Online Course Virtual Learning Environment Scale (MVLE) and Model to Measure Satisfaction of MOOC Online Learning Courses in Higher Education: A Mixed Methods Study. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2013) Differing Views on Value of High School Tests. New York Times SP6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Braz. Soc. Mech. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)1678-5878
ISSN (online)1806-3691
ScopeMechanical Engineering

Other styles