How to format your references using the Frontiers in Plant Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Plant Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dolgin, E. (2014). Therapeutics: Negative feedback. Nature 508, S10-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Eaton, D. W., and Frederiksen, A. (2007). Seismic evidence for convection-driven motion of the North American plate. Nature 446, 428–431.
A journal article with 3 authors
Myrskylä, M., Kohler, H.-P., and Billari, F. C. (2009). Advances in development reverse fertility declines. Nature 460, 741–743.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Davis, C. C., Latvis, M., Nickrent, D. L., Wurdack, K. J., and Baum, D. A. (2007). Floral gigantism in Rafflesiaceae. Science 315, 1812.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Purkis, S., and Klemas, V. (2011). Remote Sensing and Global Environmental Change. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Hoijtink, H., Klugkist, I., and Boelen, P. A. eds. (2008). Bayesian Evaluation of Informative Hypotheses. 1st ed. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kosheleva, O. (2007). “Towards Optimal Compression of Meteorological Data: A Case Study of Using Interval-Motivated Overestimators in Global Optimization,” in Models and Algorithms for Global Optimization: Essays Dedicated to Antanas Žilinskas on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday Optimization and Its Applications., eds. A. Törn and J. Žilinskas (Boston, MA: Springer US), 59–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Plant Science.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016). Scientists Turn One Pathogen Against Another In Fight Against Dengue And Zika. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1971). Management of Research and Development in Electronics-Communications Equipment Needs Improvement. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ritter, D. (2008). The EU and conflict: Critically assessing the success of the ESDP and its impact in conflict areas.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M. J. (2017). Dole Seeking To Go Public With Shares Once More. New York Times, B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dolgin, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Eaton and Frederiksen, 2007; Dolgin, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Eaton and Frederiksen, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Davis et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Plant Science
AbbreviationFront. Plant Sci.
ISSN (online)1664-462X
ScopePlant Science

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