How to format your references using the The Journal of Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Roenneberg T. Chronobiology: the human sleep project. Nature 2013; 498: 427-428
A journal article with 2 authors
Gonnermann HM, Mukhopadhyay S. Preserving noble gases in a convecting mantle. Nature 2009; 459: 560-563
A journal article with 3 authors
Taggart AKP, Teng S-C, Zakian VA. Est1p as a cell cycle-regulated activator of telomere-bound telomerase. Science 2002; 297: 1023-1026
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pfund C, Maidl Pribbenow C, Branchaw J, et al. Professional skills. The merits of training mentors. Science 2006; 311: 473-474

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Picard F, Tanguy C. Innovations and Techno-Ecological Transition. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Lu X, Zhao W, eds. Networking and Mobile Computing: Third International Conference, ICCNMC 2005, Zhangjiajie, China, August 2-4, 2005. Proceedings. Vol 3619. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Rodrigues S. The European Commission’s Reform Strategy. In Szyszczak E, Gronden JW van de, eds. Financing Services of General Economic Interest: Reform and Modernization. The Hague, The Netherlands: T. M. C. Asser Press, 2013; 87-98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Pathology.

Blog post
Andrew E. For Life To Form On A Planet It Needs To Orbit The Right Kind Of Star. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. FACE Recognition Technology: FBI Should Better Ensure Privacy and Accuracy [Reissued on August 3, 2016]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shah N. High Performance Cryptography for Electronic Product Code for Internet of Things Applications. 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tomasky M. Single Payer or Bust? New York Times. August 14, 2017:A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Pathology
AbbreviationJ. Pathol.
ISSN (print)0022-3417
ISSN (online)1096-9896
ScopePathology and Forensic Medicine

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