How to format your references using the The Journal of Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holmes D. The problem with platinum. Nature 2015; 527: S218-9
A journal article with 2 authors
Kim-Muller JY, Accili D. Cell biology. Selective insulin sensitizers. Science 2011; 331: 1529-1531
A journal article with 3 authors
Seibel BA, Robison BH, Haddock SHD. Post-spawning egg care by a squid. Nature 2005; 438: 929
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nam M-S, Mézière C, Batail P, et al. Superconducting fluctuations in organic molecular metals enhanced by Mott criticality. Sci Rep 2013; 3: 3390

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith P. Structural Design of Buildings. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Dèbes P, Emsalem M, Romagny M, et al., eds. Arithmetic and Geometry Around Galois Theory. Vol 304. Basel: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhu M, Xu X. A Kind of Mathematic Model of the Porous Gas Diffusion Electrode. In Zhang Y, ed. Future Communication, Computing, Control and Management: Volume 2. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012; 23-27.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Pathology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Some Of The World’s Top Scientists Met Recently To Discuss How To Find Alien Life. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: VA Actions Needed to Implement Critical Reforms. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Trahan MW. Large-scale 20th Century Warming Identified in the East Siberian Arctic Using Tree-ring Carbon Isotope Records. 2015

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. In Yanks-Phillies Rivalry, a Wife May Have Been the Key Player. New York Times. February 27, 2011:SP3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Pathology
AbbreviationJ. Pathol.
ISSN (print)0022-3417
ISSN (online)1096-9896
ScopePathology and Forensic Medicine

Other styles