How to format your references using the Advances in Biomarker Sciences and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Biomarker Sciences and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Van Doren M. Development. Determining sexual identity. Science. 2011;333(6044):829-830.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rohatgi R, Scott MP. Cell biology. Arrestin’ movement in cilia. Science. 2008;320(5884):1726-1727.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gilestro GF, Tononi G, Cirelli C. Widespread changes in synaptic markers as a function of sleep and wakefulness in Drosophila. Science. 2009;324(5923):109-112.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Caballero A, Despagnet-Ayoub E, Díaz-Requejo MM, et al. Silver-catalyzed C-C bond formation between methane and ethyl diazoacetate in supercritical CO₂. Science. 2011;332(6031):835-838.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barnett AH, Grice J. New Mechanisms in Glucose Control. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Nardi AE, Freire RCR, eds. Panic Disorder: Neurobiological and Treatment Aspects. Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Sun F, Bi H. The Allocation of the Impedance Transformer Capacity of Passenger Dedicated Lines. In: Jia L, Liu Z, Qin Y, Zhao M, Diao L, eds. Proceedings of the 2013 International Conference on Electrical and Information Technologies for Rail Transportation (EITRT2013)-Volume I. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer; 2014:37-44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Biomarker Sciences and Technology.

Blog post
Luntz S. Antidepressants Don’t Work for Children And Adolescents. IFLScience. Published June 13, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Airport Competition: Essential Air Service Slots at O’Hare International Airport. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Herron M. Prescripton Labels: Do You Know What Medication You Are Taking? Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. An Event for the Elite and the Average Alike. New York Times. November 4, 2013:F2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Biomarker Sciences and Technology
ISSN (print)2543-1064

Other styles