How to format your references using the Advances in Biomarker Sciences and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Biomarker Sciences and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Juma C. Preventing hunger: biotechnology is key. Nature. 2011;479(7374):471-472.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cheng G, Zheng SY. Construction of a high-performance magnetic enzyme nanosystem for rapid tryptic digestion. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6947.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bieber FR, Brenner CH, Lazer D. Human genetics. Finding criminals through DNA of their relatives. Science. 2006;312(5778):1315-1316.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bellwood DR, Hughes TP, Folke C, Nyström M. Confronting the coral reef crisis. Nature. 2004;429(6994):827-833.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Olofsson P. Probabilities. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
Froitzheim N, Schmid SM, eds. Orogenic Processes in the Alpine Collision Zone. Vol 3. Birkhäuser; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Pini B, McDonald P, Bartlett J. Reading the Visual in the Marketing of Elite Schooling. In: Moss J, Pini B, eds. Visual Research Methods in Educational Research. Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016:59-71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Biomarker Sciences and Technology.

Blog post
Evans K. 9 At-Home Remedies That Actually Work. IFLScience. Published September 28, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Deaf Education: The National Mission of Gallaudet’s Elementary and Secondary Schools. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhang H. Studies of Zeolite-Based Artificial Photosynthetic Systems. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M, Kolata G. New to Most Fans, IGF-1 Has Long Been Banned as a Performance Enhancer. New York Times. January 30, 2013:B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Biomarker Sciences and Technology
ISSN (print)2543-1064

Other styles