How to format your references using the Advances in Biomarker Sciences and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Biomarker Sciences and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Donnelly CA. Likely size of the French BSE epidemic. Nature. 2000;408(6814):787-788.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yin J, Boyce MC. Materials science: Unique wrinkles as identity tags. Nature. 2015;520(7546):164-165.
A journal article with 3 authors
Guo G, Wang W, Bradley A. Mismatch repair genes identified using genetic screens in Blm-deficient embryonic stem cells. Nature. 2004;429(6994):891-895.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ono T, Kumamoto A, Nakagawa H, et al. Lunar radar sounder observations of subsurface layers under the nearside maria of the Moon. Science. 2009;323(5916):909-912.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anthony B, Boudnik K, Adams C, Shao B, Lee C, Sasaki K. Professional Hadoop®. Indianapolis, IN, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
Leventhal RG. Semiconductor Modeling: For Simulating Signal, Power, and Electromagnetic Integrity. (Green L, ed.). Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Shi M, Zhang C, Xie Y, Xu D. Stereoselective inclusion mechanism of ketoprofen into β -cyclodextrin: insights from molecular dynamics simulations and free energy calculations. In: Guo H, Xie D, Yang W, eds. Guosen Yan: A Festschrift from Theoretical Chemistry Accounts. Highlights in Theoretical Chemistry. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015:29-40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Biomarker Sciences and Technology.

Blog post
Davis J. The Only Way To Prevent The Great Barrier Reef From Dying Is To Stop Climate Change. IFLScience. Published March 16, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Health Information Technology: HHS Is Taking Steps to Develop a National Strategy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ayhan MS. A Probabilistic Biomarker for Alzheimer’s Disease. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dorman JL. Art Deco Comfort by the French Quarter. New York Times. July 29, 2017:TR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Biomarker Sciences and Technology
ISSN (print)2543-1064

Other styles