How to format your references using the Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Gomory R. Benoît Mandelbrot (1924-2010). Nature. 2010;468:378.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Wennerås C, Wold A. A chair of one’s own. Nature. 2000;408:647.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Murray BJ, Knopf DA, Bertram AK. The formation of cubic ice under conditions relevant to Earth’s atmosphere. Nature. 2005;434:202–205.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Lim Y-W, Steinhoff M, Girosi F, et al. Reducing the global burden of acute lower respiratory infections in children: the contribution of new diagnostics. Nature. 2006;444 Suppl 1:9–18.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Freeman RL. Reference Manual for Telecommunications Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2002.
An edited book
1.
Peris-Ortiz M, Del Río Rama M de la C, Rueda-Armengot C, editors. Wine and Tourism: A Strategic Segment for Sustainable Economic Development. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kaplan S. Starting from Scratch: Creating Dynamic Characters. In: Dowdy JK, Kaplan S, editors. Teaching Drama in the Classroom: A Toolbox for Teachers. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2011. p. 15–16.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurology.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. Machines Can Filter Out Chatter In A Crowded Room, Just Like Us [online]. IFLScience IFLScience; 2015. Accessed at: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/machines-filter-out-chatter-crowded-room-just-us/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. The Times and Space: An Interview With Michael Collins. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988 Jan. Report No.: 137888.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Best ML. Assistant Principals and Reform: A Socialization Paradox? [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Hodara S. Putting the A in STEAM. New York Times. 2014.:WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurology
AbbreviationNeurology
ISSN (print)0028-3878
ISSN (online)1526-632X
ScopeClinical Neurology

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