How to format your references using the Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fisher DE. Secret to marital bliss? Science. 2000;290:936b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cardoso da Silva JM, Tabarelli M. Tree species impoverishment and the future flora of the Atlantic forest of northeast Brazil. Nature. 2000;404:72–74.
A journal article with 3 authors
Puntes VF, Krishnan KM, Alivisatos AP. Colloidal nanocrystal shape and size control: the case of cobalt. Science. 2001;291:2115–2117.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Griffith EM, Paytan A, Caldeira K, Bullen TD, Thomas E. A dynamic marine calcium cycle during the past 28 million years. Science. 2008;322:1671–1674.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Villarroel A. Practical Clinical Epidemiology for the Veterinarian. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Kroh M, Reavis KM, editors. The SAGES Manual Operating Through the Endoscope. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Fujino Y, Kimura K, Tanaka H. Design Wind Speed. In: Kimura K, Tanaka H, editors. Wind Resistant Design of Bridges in Japan: Developments and Practices. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2012. p. 39–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurology.

Blog post
Luntz S. Fool’s Gold Preserved World’s Oldest Mushroom [online]. IFLScience IFLScience; 2017. Accessed at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Utilization at Aberdeen Proving Ground’s ADP Installation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976 Jun. Report No.: LCD-76-125.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Taylor C. The Crowd [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. Volcker Sees Hidden Peril in State Budget Practices. New York Times. 2015.:B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurology
ISSN (print)0028-3878
ISSN (online)1526-632X
ScopeClinical Neurology

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