How to format your references using the Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Read P. Saturn: storm-clouds brooding on towering heights. Nature. 2011;475:44–45.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jiang C, Srinivasan SG. Unexpected strain-stiffening in crystalline solids. Nature. 2013;496:339–342.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vandermeer J, Perfecto I, Philpott SM. Clusters of ant colonies and robust criticality in a tropical agroecosystem. Nature. 2008;451:457–459.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yang C, Qin M, Wang Y, Wan D, Huang F, Lin J. Observation of an intermediate band in Sn-doped chalcopyrites with wide-spectrum solar response. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1286.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Köhler A, Bässler H. Electronic Processes in Organic Semiconductors. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2015.
An edited book
Amaral A, Neave G, Musselin C, Maassen P, editors. European Integration and the Governance of Higher Education and Research. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Mukati MA. A Heuristic Approach of Code Assignment to Obtain an Optimal FSM Design. In: Thaung KS, editor. Advanced Information Technology in Education. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 23–31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurology.

Blog post
Evans K. New Guidelines Advise Giving Peanuts To Babies Early To Prevent Allergies [online]. IFLScience IFLScience; 2017. Accessed at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Digests of Unpublished Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Vol. II, No. 12. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986 Sep. Report No.: 131721.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aldridge KN. The Impact of Improved Teachers’ Classroom Management and Cultural Responsiveness on Student Behavior [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Loomis G. Phantasmagoric Glimpses of Beauty Amid All of the Messiness. New York Times. 2012.:0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurology
ISSN (print)0028-3878
ISSN (online)1526-632X
ScopeClinical Neurology

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