How to format your references using the Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Butterfield NJ. Paleontology. Terminal developments in Ediacaran embryology. Science. 2011;334:1655–1656.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Kamiyama D, Chiba A. Endogenous activation patterns of Cdc42 GTPase within Drosophila embryos. Science. 2009;324:1338–1340.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Li M, Butka E, Wang X. Comprehensive quantification of triacylglycerols in soybean seeds by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry with multiple neutral loss scans. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6581.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Seila AC, Calabrese JM, Levine SS, et al. Divergent transcription from active promoters. Science. 2008;322:1849–1851.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Pesavento L, Smoleny S. A Trader’s Guide to Financial Astrology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Grün S, Rotter S, editors. Analysis of Parallel Spike Trains. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Fan R. Jiang Qing on Equality. In: Fan R, editor. The Renaissance of Confucianism in Contemporary China. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011. p. 55–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurology.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti C. This Is What Aliens Might Look Like If They Evolved On A Planet That Orbits A Red Dwarf Star [online]. IFLScience IFLScience; 2017. Accessed at: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/this-is-what-aliens-might-look-like-if-they-evolved-on-a-planet-that-orbits-a-red-dwarf-star/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Exempting FAA from Procurement and Personnel Rules. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995 Oct. Report No.: RCED-96-27R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Bonilla E. Parental Employment Status and Child Feeding Practices Among African American and Latina Adolescent Girls [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kishkovsky S. Rev. Gleb Yakunin, 80, Russian Priest and Dissident. New York Times. 2014.:B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurology
AbbreviationNeurology
ISSN (print)0028-3878
ISSN (online)1526-632X
ScopeClinical Neurology

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