How to format your references using the The Journal of Organic Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Organic Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Whates, I. A Piratical Sabbatical. Nature 2007, 448 (7150), 224.
A journal article with 2 authors
Emerson, B. C.; Kolm, N. Species Diversity Can Drive Speciation. Nature 2005, 434 (7036), 1015–1017.
A journal article with 3 authors
Humphries, M. M.; Thomas, D. W.; Speakman, J. R. Climate-Mediated Energetic Constraints on the Distribution of Hibernating Mammals. Nature 2002, 418 (6895), 313–316.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Avinoam, O.; Fridman, K.; Valansi, C.; Abutbul, I.; Zeev-Ben-Mordehai, T.; Maurer, U. E.; Sapir, A.; Danino, D.; Grünewald, K.; White, J. M.; Podbilewicz, B. Conserved Eukaryotic Fusogens Can Fuse Viral Envelopes to Cells. Science 2011, 332 (6029), 589–592.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Guyader, J.-L. Vibration in Continuous Media; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
Transactions on Computational Science X: Special Issue on Security in Computing, Part I; Gavrilova, M. L., Tan, C. J. K., Moreno, E. D., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010; Vol. 6340.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, J. Z. M.; Ji, Y. Paul Yee’s Daoist and Confucian Ethics and Values. In Canadian-Daoist Poetics, Ethics, and Aesthetics: An Interdisciplinary and Cross-cultural Study; Ji, Y., Ed.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2016; pp 73–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Organic Chemistry.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Condition Called Tetrachromacy Allows This Artist To See 100 Million Colors. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Contracts To Provide Support for the Food Service Inspection Program; B-166850; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilson, M. L. The Power of Spoken Word: Oral History As Social Work Pedagogy. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kepner, T. A Racist Gesture Results in a Delayed Punishment. New York Times. October 28, 2017, p SP3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Organic Chemistry
AbbreviationJ. Org. Chem.
ISSN (print)0022-3263
ISSN (online)1520-6904
ScopeOrganic Chemistry

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