How to format your references using the The Journal of Organic Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Organic Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hawley, R. S. Molecular Biology. Hitting a Tiny Target in the Dark. Science 2011, 331 (6019), 870–871.
A journal article with 2 authors
Palumbi, S. R.; Warner, R. R. Ecology. Why Gobies Are like Hobbits. Science 2003, 299 (5603), 51–52.
A journal article with 3 authors
Patt, A. G.; Ogallo, L.; Hellmuth, M. Sustainability. Learning from 10 Years of Climate Outlook Forums in Africa. Science 2007, 318 (5847), 49–50.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Trujillo Bueno, J.; Landi Degl’Innocenti, E.; Collados, M.; Merenda, L.; Manso Sainz, R. Selective Absorption Processes as the Origin of Puzzling Spectral Line Polarization from the Sun. Nature 2002, 415 (6870), 403–406.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Good, P. I. Introduction to Statistics through Resampling Methods and Microsoft Office Excel ®; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
Multilingual and Multimodal Information Access Evaluation: Second International Conference of the Cross-Language Evaluation Forum, CLEF 2011, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, September 19-22, 2011. Proceedings; Forner, P., Gonzalo, J., Kekäläinen, J., Lalmas, M., Rijke, M. de, Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011; Vol. 6941.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, Y.; Tanaka, K. Strongly Simulation-Extractable Leakage-Resilient NIZK. In Information Security and Privacy: 19th Australasian Conference, ACISP 2014, Wollongong, NSW, Australia, July 7-9, 2014. Proceedings; Susilo, W., Mu, Y., Eds.; Hutchison, D., Kanade, T., Kittler, J., Kleinberg, J. M., Kobsa, A., Mattern, F., Mitchell, J. C., Naor, M., Nierstrasz, O., Pandu Rangan, C., Steffen, B., Terzopoulos, D., Tygar, D., Weikum, G., Series Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014; pp 66–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Organic Chemistry.

Blog post
Hale, T. Western Consumption Linked To Over 100,000 Pollution-Related Premature Deaths Worldwide. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The National Direct Student Loan Program Requires More Attention by the Office of Education and Participating Institutions; HRD-77-109; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Frederiksen, M. D. Engaging Physicians to Support Corporate Compliance Programs: A Grounded Theory Study. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. The Match Of a Lifetime. New York Times. June 22, 2017, p C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Organic Chemistry
AbbreviationJ. Org. Chem.
ISSN (print)0022-3263
ISSN (online)1520-6904
ScopeOrganic Chemistry

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