How to format your references using the The Journal of Organic Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Organic Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. Biologists Officially Welcome Plan. Nature 2001, 412 (6848), 665.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kai, T.; Spradling, A. Differentiating Germ Cells Can Revert into Functional Stem Cells in Drosophila Melanogaster Ovaries. Nature 2004, 428 (6982), 564–569.
A journal article with 3 authors
Solis, R. S.; Haas, J.; Creamer, W. Dating Caral, a Preceramic Site in the Supe Valley on the Central Coast of Peru. Science 2001, 292 (5517), 723–726.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Peng, N.; Meng, N.; Wang, S.; Zhao, F.; Zhao, J.; Su, L.; Zhang, S.; Zhang, Y.; Zhao, B.; Miao, J. An Activator of MTOR Inhibits OxLDL-Induced Autophagy and Apoptosis in Vascular Endothelial Cells and Restricts Atherosclerosis in Apolipoprotein E/ Mice. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 5519.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schorn, C.; Taylor, B. NMR Spectroscopy: Data Acquisition; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, FRG, 2004.
An edited book
Yee, J. T. Technology Integration to Business: Focusing on RFID, Interoperability, and Sustainability for Manufacturing, Logistics, and Supply Chain Management; Oh, S.-C., Ed.; Springer: London, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Francis, J. J.; Klitzke, C. J. Dietary Reference Intakes: Cutting Through the Confusion. In Nutrition Guide for Physicians; Wilson, T., Bray, G. A., Temple, N. J., Struble, M. B., Eds.; Humana Press: Totowa, NJ, 2010; pp 65–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Organic Chemistry.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. Scientists Fail To Find Mysterious New Type Of Neutrino (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Planning and Flexibility Are Key to Effectively Deploying Broadband Conduit through Federal Highway Projects; GAO-12-687R; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hambarsoomian, H. Classification of Placental Chorionic Surface Vasculature Network Features Using Machine Learning Techniques. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Conte, L. Scouting Report. New York Times. May 12, 2011, p E7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Organic Chemistry
AbbreviationJ. Org. Chem.
ISSN (print)0022-3263
ISSN (online)1520-6904
ScopeOrganic Chemistry

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