How to format your references using the The Journal of Organic Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Organic Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Psaltis, D. Coherent Optical Information Systems. Science 2002, 298 (5597), 1359–1363.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tanaka, H. K. M.; Watanabe, H. 6Li-Loaded Directionally Sensitive Anti-Neutrino Detector for Possible Geo-Neutrinographic Imaging Applications. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 4708.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, S.; Bluemle, M. J.; Bates, F. S. Discovery of a Frank-Kasper Sigma Phase in Sphere-Forming Block Copolymer Melts. Science 2010, 330 (6002), 349–353.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ren, Y.; Zhang, Y.; Liu, R. Z.; Fenstermacher, D. A.; Wright, K. L.; Teer, J. K.; Wu, J. JAK1 Truncating Mutations in Gynecologic Cancer Define New Role of Cancer-Associated Protein Tyrosine Kinase Aberrations. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 3042.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jamison, D. C. Perl Programming for Biologists; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
Health Issues Confronting Minority Men Who Have Sex with Men; Loue, S., Ed.; Springer: New York, NY, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Fend, F.; Quintanilla-Martínez, L. The Application of Molecular Techniques on Bone Marrow Trephines. In Bone Marrow Lymphoid Infiltrates: Diagnosis and Clinical Impact; Anagnostou, D., Matutes, E., Eds.; Springer: London, 2012; pp 67–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Organic Chemistry.

Blog post
Fang, J. How Ethiopian Highlanders Adapted To Their Low Oxygen Conditions (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The F-14 Aircraft; 092339; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wright, E. A. Assessing Leadership Behaviors and Demographic Characteristics of Project Managers Associated Through LinkedIn. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University: Scottsdale, AZ, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, J. R. Juilliard’s Fast Takes on French Baroque. New York Times. November 10, 2016, p C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Organic Chemistry
AbbreviationJ. Org. Chem.
ISSN (print)0022-3263
ISSN (online)1520-6904
ScopeOrganic Chemistry

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