How to format your references using the The Journal of Organic Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Organic Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bockrath, M. W. Chemistry. A Single-Molecule Engine. Science 2012, 338 (6108), 754–755.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gittis, A. H.; Brasier, D. J. NEUROSCIENCE. Astrocytes Tell Neurons When to Listen Up. Science 2015, 349 (6249), 690–691.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cravatt, B. F.; Simon, G. M.; Yates, J. R., 3rd. The Biological Impact of Mass-Spectrometry-Based Proteomics. Nature 2007, 450 (7172), 991–1000.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Thompson, J. B.; Kindt, J. H.; Drake, B.; Hansma, H. G.; Morse, D. E.; Hansma, P. K. Bone Indentation Recovery Time Correlates with Bond Reforming Time. Nature 2001, 414 (6865), 773–776.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gaisford, S.; Saunders, M. Essentials of Pharmaceutical Preformulation; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2012.
An edited book
Design Procedures for the Use of Composites in Strengthening of Reinforced Concrete Structures: State-of-the-Art Report of the RILEM Technical Committee 234-DUC, 1st ed. 2016.; Pellegrino, C., Sena-Cruz, J., Eds.; RILEM State-of-the-Art Reports; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2016; Vol. 19.
A chapter in an edited book
Falzon, K.; Bodden, E. Dynamically Provisioning Isolation in Hierarchical Architectures. In Information Security: 18th International Conference, ISC 2015, Trondheim, Norway, September 9-11, 2015, Proceedings; Lopez, J., Mitchell, C. J., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; pp 83–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Organic Chemistry.

Blog post
Evans, K. Can You Really Be Addicted To Love? (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Triad Hearing Follow-Up; PEMD-93-28R; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Green, S. W. The Influence of Satisfaction among African American Males on Community College Choices. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu, L. Trump’s Often Misleading Critiques of the Affordable Care Act. New York Times. March 14, 2017, p A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Organic Chemistry
AbbreviationJ. Org. Chem.
ISSN (print)0022-3263
ISSN (online)1520-6904
ScopeOrganic Chemistry

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