How to format your references using the The Journal of Organic Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Organic Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wright, J. Genetics: Unravelling Complexity. Nature 2014, 508 (7494), S6-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Qian, L.; Winfree, E. Scaling up Digital Circuit Computation with DNA Strand Displacement Cascades. Science 2011, 332 (6034), 1196–1201.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gehring, M.; Bubb, K. L.; Henikoff, S. Extensive Demethylation of Repetitive Elements during Seed Development Underlies Gene Imprinting. Science 2009, 324 (5933), 1447–1451.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Goldberg, A. V.; Molik, S.; Tsaousis, A. D.; Neumann, K.; Kuhnke, G.; Delbac, F.; Vivares, C. P.; Hirt, R. P.; Lill, R.; Embley, T. M. Localization and Functionality of Microsporidian Iron-Sulphur Cluster Assembly Proteins. Nature 2008, 452 (7187), 624–628.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ibe, E. H. Terrestrial Radiation Effects in ULSI Devices and Electronic Systems; John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd: Singapore, 2014.
An edited book
Digital Factory for Human-Oriented Production Systems: The Integration of International Research Projects; Canetta, L., Redaelli, C., Flores, M., Eds.; Springer: London, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Xu, K.; Terakawa, S. Biochemical Studies on Myelin of the Nervous System. In Myelinated Fibers and Saltatory Conduction in the Shrimp: The Fastest Impulse Conduction in the Animal Kingdom; Terakawa, S., Ed.; Springer Japan: Tokyo, 2013; pp 31–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Organic Chemistry.

Blog post
Davis, J. Vast Medieval Cities Discovered Under The Rainforest In Cambodia. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Guaranteed Student Loans: Comparisons of Single State and Multistate Guaranty Agencies; HRD-89-92; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Solorzano, E. A Mindfulness-Based Psycho-Educational Group for Caregivers of Older Adults: A Grant Proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M. The Flea Makes a Big Move in TriBeCa. New York Times. August 31, 2017, p C8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Organic Chemistry
AbbreviationJ. Org. Chem.
ISSN (print)0022-3263
ISSN (online)1520-6904
ScopeOrganic Chemistry

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