How to format your references using the The Journal of Organic Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Organic Chemistry (J. Org. Chem.). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cyranoski, D. Enter the Dragon. Nature 2007, 449 (7161), 502–504.
A journal article with 2 authors
Barker, S.; Elderfield, H. Foraminiferal Calcification Response to Glacial-Interglacial Changes in Atmospheric CO2. Science 2002, 297 (5582), 833–836.
A journal article with 3 authors
MacLeod, N.; Benfield, M.; Culverhouse, P. Time to Automate Identification. Nature 2010, 467 (7312), 154–155.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kim, H. S.; Tan, Y.; Ma, W.; Merkurjev, D.; Destici, E.; Ma, Q.; Suter, T.; Ohgi, K.; Friedman, M.; Skowronska-Krawczyk, D.; et al. Pluripotency Factors Functionally Premark Cell-Type-Restricted Enhancers in ES Cells. Nature 2018, 556 (7702), 510–514.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Breitmaier, E. Vom NMR-Spektrum Zur Strukturformel Organischer Verbindungen; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, Germany, 2005.
An edited book
Gan, L. Data You Need to Know about China: Research Report of China Household Finance Survey•2012; Yin, Z., Jia, N., Xu, S., Ma, S., Zheng, L., Eds.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Bogdan, D. B.; Villiger, R. Case Studies. In Valuation in Life Sciences: A Practical Guide; Villiger, R., Ed.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010; pp 331–361.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Organic Chemistry.

Blog post
Davis, J. The Arctic Is Currently An Astonishing THIRTY SIX DEGREES Warmer Than It Should Be (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Federal Regulatory Efforts to Ensure Financial Institution Systems Are Year 2000 Compliant; T-AIMD-98-116; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schick, V. R. Examining the Vulva: The Relationship between Female Genital Aesthetic Perceptions and Gynecological Care. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University: Washington, DC, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Photographs by GEORGE ETHEREDGE for THE NEW YORK TIMES. Fire Escapes. New York Times. February 10, 2017, p RE15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Organic Chemistry
AbbreviationJ. Org. Chem.
ISSN (print)0022-3263
ISSN (online)1520-6904
ScopeOrganic Chemistry

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