How to format your references using the Journal of King Saud University - Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of King Saud University - Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Michel-Kerjan, E., 2015. Effective risk response needs a prepared mindset. Nature 517, 413.
A journal article with 2 authors
Matsuoka, T., Shimizu, K., 2009. Direct observation of a pressure-induced metal-to-semiconductor transition in lithium. Nature 458, 186–189.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wuchty, S., Jones, B.F., Uzzi, B., 2007. The increasing dominance of teams in production of knowledge. Science 316, 1036–1039.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Snippert, H.J., Haegebarth, A., Kasper, M., Jaks, V., van Es, J.H., Barker, N., van de Wetering, M., van den Born, M., Begthel, H., Vries, R.G., Stange, D.E., Toftgård, R., Clevers, H., 2010. Lgr6 marks stem cells in the hair follicle that generate all cell lineages of the skin. Science 327, 1385–1389.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gao, J., 2010. Optoelectronic Integrated Circuit Design and Device Modeling. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Sadegh Amiri, I., 2015. Optical Soliton Communication Using Ultra-Short Pulses, SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology. Springer, Singapore.
A chapter in an edited book
Dantes, M.A.M., Figueirôa, S., Lopes, M.M., 2011. Sciences in Brazil: An Overview from 1870–1920, in: Krause, D., Videira, A. (Eds.), Brazilian Studies in Philosophy and History of Science: An Account of Recent Works, Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 95–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of King Saud University - Science.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Stomach Ulcer Bacteria Evolve To Outwit Immune System [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1986. University Funding: Federal Funding Mechanisms in Support of University Research (No. RCED-86-53). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith, K.L., 2012. Initial construct validation of the color figure mazes test (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010. A Manager Who Exceeded His Own Expectations. New York Times D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Michel-Kerjan, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Matsuoka and Shimizu, 2009; Michel-Kerjan, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Matsuoka and Shimizu, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Snippert et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of King Saud University - Science
AbbreviationJ. King Saud Univ. Sci.
ISSN (print)1018-3647

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