How to format your references using the Journal of King Saud University - Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of King Saud University - Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cresko, W.A., 2008. Evolution. Armor development and fitness. Science 322, 204–206.
A journal article with 2 authors
Prives, C., Lowe, S.W., 2015. Cancer: Mutant p53 and chromatin regulation. Nature 525, 199–200.
A journal article with 3 authors
Akoulitchev, S., Chuikov, S., Reinberg, D., 2000. TFIIH is negatively regulated by cdk8-containing mediator complexes. Nature 407, 102–106.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Thomas, D.B., Nascimbene, P.C., Dove, C.J., Grimaldi, D.A., James, H.F., 2014. Seeking carotenoid pigments in amber-preserved fossil feathers. Sci. Rep. 4, 5226.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hammes, G.G., 2005. Spectroscopy for the Biological Sciences. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Grabis, J., Kirikova, M., Zdravkovic, J., Stirna, J. (Eds.), 2013. The Practice of Enterprise Modeling: 6th IFIP WG 8.1 Working Conference, PoEM 2013, Riga, Latvia, November 6-7, 2013, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Prassas, E.S., Roess, R.P., 2013. Illustrations of Complex Economic Analyses, in: Roess, R.P. (Ed.), Engineering Economics and Finance for Transportation Infrastructure, Springer Tracts on Transportation and Traffic. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 113–149.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of King Saud University - Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Extremely Rare Red Fox Observed In Yosemite For First Time In Almost A Century [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1969. Review of Selected Aspects of The Management and Operation of Tracking and Data Acquisition Stations at Goldstone, California (No. D12925). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Topdemir, C.M., 2010. School counselor accountability practices: A national study (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2017. A Drink, and a Dissenting Opinion. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cresko, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Cresko, 2008; Prives and Lowe, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Prives and Lowe, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Thomas et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of King Saud University - Science
AbbreviationJ. King Saud Univ. Sci.
ISSN (print)1018-3647

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