How to format your references using the Journal of King Saud University - Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of King Saud University - Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Li, Y., 2014. The evolution of reputation-based partner-switching behaviors with a cost. Sci. Rep. 4, 5957.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hwang, C., Chang, E.T.Y., 2014. Geophysics. Seafloor secrets revealed. Science 346, 32–33.
A journal article with 3 authors
Maisel, S.B., Höfler, M., Müller, S., 2012. A canonical stability-elasticity relationship verified for one million face-centred-cubic structures. Nature 491, 740–743.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Freire-de-Lima, C.G., Nascimento, D.O., Soares, M.B., Bozza, P.T., Castro-Faria-Neto, H.C., de Mello, F.G., DosReis, G.A., Lopes, M.F., 2000. Uptake of apoptotic cells drives the growth of a pathogenic trypanosome in macrophages. Nature 403, 199–203.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chappell, D., 2014. The JCT Standard Building Contract 2011. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford.
An edited book
Chen, J., Piuri, V., Su, C., Yung, M. (Eds.), 2016. Network and System Security: 10th International Conference, NSS 2016, Taipei, Taiwan, September 28-30, 2016, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Provencher, M.T., Frank, R.F., Gross, D.J., Golijanin, P., 2015. Glenoid, in: Bain, G.I., Itoi, E., Di Giacomo, G., Sugaya, H. (Eds.), Normal and Pathological Anatomy of the Shoulder. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 35–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of King Saud University - Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Watch Japanese Volcano Mount Shindake Erupt [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982. Analysis of the Energy Research and Development Budget Proposal Process (No. RCED-83-6). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Doyle, J.J., 2012. Under the influence: High risk social networks and recidivism (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stuart, C., Monkovic, T., Bretherton, G., 2010. 1,000 Yards Later, It’s O.K. to Ask, Who Is That Guy? New York Times B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Li, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Hwang and Chang, 2014; Li, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hwang and Chang, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Freire-de-Lima et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of King Saud University - Science
AbbreviationJ. King Saud Univ. Sci.
ISSN (print)1018-3647

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