How to format your references using the Journal of King Saud University - Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of King Saud University - Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ron, D., 2006. Cell biology. Stressed cells cope with protein overload. Science 313, 52–53.
A journal article with 2 authors
Backwell, P.R.Y., Jennions, M.D., 2004. Animal behaviour: coalition among male fiddler crabs. Nature 430, 417.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ye, F., Burns, M.J., Naughton, M.J., 2014. Structured metal thin film as an asymmetric color filter: the forward and reverse plasmonic halos. Sci. Rep. 4, 7267.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Duan, L.M., Lukin, M.D., Cirac, J.I., Zoller, P., 2001. Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics. Nature 414, 413–418.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kowalick, T.M., 2004. Fatal Exit. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Jochem, E. (Ed.), 2009. Improving the Efficiency of R&D and the Market Diffusion of Energy Technologies. Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu, D., Li, G., Fan, R., Guo, G., 2016. Research About Big Data Platform of Electrical Power System, in: Wan, J., Humar, I., Zhang, D. (Eds.), Industrial IoT Technologies and Applications: International Conference, Industrial IoT 2016, GuangZhou, China, March 25-26, 2016, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 36–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of King Saud University - Science.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. Pope Francis Says Destroying The Environment Should Be A Sin [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Federal Research: Final Site Selection Process for DOE’s Super Collider (No. RCED-89-129BR). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Detweiler, K.R., 2012. Exploring Discursive Interaction, Habitus, and Dynamic Co-emergence Among an Agency Leader and Congressional Oversight Committee: A Case Study of Languaging in Practice (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Slotnik, D.E., 2017. Kenny Sears, 83, Sharpshooting Forward for the Knicks. New York Times A28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ron, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Backwell and Jennions, 2004; Ron, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Backwell and Jennions, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Duan et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of King Saud University - Science
AbbreviationJ. King Saud Univ. Sci.
ISSN (print)1018-3647

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