How to format your references using the Journal of King Saud University - Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of King Saud University - Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hunter, T., 2013. Retrospective. Tony Pawson (1952-2013). Science 341, 1078.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moritz, C., Agudo, R., 2013. The future of species under climate change: resilience or decline? Science 341, 504–508.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mizukami, T., Wallis, S.R., Yamamoto, J., 2004. Natural examples of olivine lattice preferred orientation patterns with a flow-normal a-axis maximum. Nature 427, 432–436.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Scott-Browne, J.P., White, J., Kappler, J.W., Gapin, L., Marrack, P., 2009. Germline-encoded amino acids in the alphabeta T-cell receptor control thymic selection. Nature 458, 1043–1046.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Merrills, J., Fisher, J., 2008. Pharmacy Law and Practice. Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Chen, P.P., Wong, L.Y. (Eds.), 2007. Active Conceptual Modeling of Learning: Next Generation Learning-Base System Development, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
VanPool, C.S., VanPool, T.L., 2012. Breath and Being: Contextualizing Object Persons at Paquimé, Chihuahua, Mexico, in: Rountree, K., Morris, C., Peatfield, A.A.D. (Eds.), Archaeology of Spiritualities. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 87–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of King Saud University - Science.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Marmoset Babies Learn to Wait for Their Turn to Talk [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1986. Patent Policy: Universities’ Research Efforts Under Public Law 96-517 (No. RCED-86-93). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Howard, J.T., 2010. Transracial adoption psychoeducational services for potential adoptive parents: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, K., Stevenson, A., 2017. Doubt After Health Care Defeat Briefly Sends Stocks Tumbling. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hunter, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Hunter, 2013; Moritz and Agudo, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Moritz and Agudo, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Scott-Browne et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of King Saud University - Science
AbbreviationJ. King Saud Univ. Sci.
ISSN (print)1018-3647

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