How to format your references using the Journal of King Saud University - Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of King Saud University - Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dudukovic, M.P., 2009. Frontiers in reactor engineering. Science 325, 698–701.
A journal article with 2 authors
Walker, B.D., Burton, D.R., 2008. Toward an AIDS vaccine. Science 320, 760–764.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jin, F.-F., Boucharel, J., Lin, I.-I., 2014. Eastern Pacific tropical cyclones intensified by El Niño delivery of subsurface ocean heat. Nature 516, 82–85.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wood, J.G., Rogina, B., Lavu, S., Howitz, K., Helfand, S.L., Tatar, M., Sinclair, D., 2004. Sirtuin activators mimic caloric restriction and delay ageing in metazoans. Nature 430, 686–689.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cleaver, H., Cawson, P., Gorin, S., Walker, S., 2009. Safeguarding Children. John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Ostachowicz, W., McGugan, M., Schröder-Hinrichs, J.-U., Luczak, M. (Eds.), 2016. MARE-WINT: New Materials and Reliability in Offshore Wind Turbine Technology. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Hilton, A., 2014. Teacher to Academic, in: Lemon, N., Garvis, S. (Eds.), Being “In and Out”: Providing Voice to Early Career Women in Academia. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp. 31–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of King Saud University - Science.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Scientists Create Functional 3D Brain Tissue [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Financial Management Systems: HHS Faces Many Challenges in Implementing Its Unified Financial Management System (No. GAO-04-1089T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Akiyama, K.M., 2017. Taste Detection in Post-Laryngectomy Head and Neck Cancer Survivors and Its Effect on Dietary Intake and Malnutrition Status (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Zajac, M.K., 2014. Stars of Their Own Screenplay. New York Times ST16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dudukovic, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Dudukovic, 2009; Walker and Burton, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Walker and Burton, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Wood et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of King Saud University - Science
AbbreviationJ. King Saud Univ. Sci.
ISSN (print)1018-3647

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