How to format your references using the Journal for General Philosophy of Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal for General Philosophy of Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mungiu-Pippidi, A. (2015). Corruption: Good governance powers innovation. Nature, 518(7539), 295–297.
A journal article with 2 authors
Parish, M. M., & Littlewood, P. B. (2003). Non-saturating magnetoresistance in heavily disordered semiconductors. Nature, 426(6963), 162–165.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ringstad, N., Abe, N., & Horvitz, H. R. (2009). Ligand-gated chloride channels are receptors for biogenic amines in C. elegans. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5936), 96–100.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Antkowiak, M., Torres-Mapa, M. L., Witts, E. C., Miles, G. B., Dholakia, K., & Gunn-Moore, F. J. (2013). Fast targeted gene transfection and optogenetic modification of single neurons using femtosecond laser irradiation. Scientific reports, 3, 3281.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Russell, D. L. (2006). Practical Wastewater Treatment. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kalmykov, Y. P. (Ed.). (2013). Recent Advances in Broadband Dielectric Spectroscopy. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Lu, C. C., Li, C. C., & Chen, H. (2008). How Robust Is a Probabilistic Neural VLSI System Against Environmental Noise. In L. Prevost, S. Marinai, & F. Schwenker (Eds.), Artificial Neural Networks in Pattern Recognition: Third IAPR Workshop, ANNPR 2008 Paris, France, July 2-4, 2008 Proceedings (pp. 44–53). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal for General Philosophy of Science.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, September 2). It’s Time To Speak Up About Noise Pollution In The Oceans. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). National Airspace System: Long-Term Capacity Planning Needed Despite Recent Reduction in Flight Delays (No. GAO-02-185). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stevens, S. (2017). Aboard and Beyond (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, September 18). For Some Major Leaguers, It’s Always Great to See ‘Friends.’ New York Times, p. D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mungiu-Pippidi 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Mungiu-Pippidi 2015; Parish and Littlewood 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Parish and Littlewood 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Antkowiak et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal for General Philosophy of Science
AbbreviationZ. Allg. Wissenschaftstheor.
ISSN (print)0925-4560
ISSN (online)1572-8587
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science
General Social Sciences

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