How to format your references using the Journal for General Philosophy of Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal for General Philosophy of Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
de Knijff, P. (2014). Genetics. How carrion and hooded crows defeat Linnaeus’s curse. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6190), 1345–1346.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ratcliffe, J. M., & Nydam, M. L. (2008). Multimodal warning signals for a multiple predator world. Nature, 455(7209), 96–99.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xie, W., Wang, H., & Wu, J. (2014). Similar morphological and molecular signatures shared by female and male germline stem cells. Scientific reports, 4, 5580.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kendrick, K. M., da Costa, A. P., Leigh, A. E., Hinton, M. R., & Peirce, J. W. (2001). Sheep don’t forget a face. Nature, 414(6860), 165–166.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wesche, R. (2015). Physical Properties of High-Temperature Superconductors. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Pluvinage, G., & Elwany, M. H. (Eds.). (2008). Safety, Reliability and Risks Associated with Water, Oil and Gas Pipelines. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Kasper, A. C., Juchneski, N. C. de F., & Veit, H. M. (2015). Mechanical Processing. In H. M. Veit & A. Moura Bernardes (Eds.), Electronic Waste: Recycling Techniques (pp. 19–38). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal for General Philosophy of Science.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2017, January 19). Ultra, Super, Clean Coal Power? We’ve Heard It Before. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Social Security Administration: Software Development Process Improvements Started But Work Remains (No. AIMD-98-39). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mosher, L. (2008). The relationship between Christian literature and executive leader performance (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M. D., & Vogel, K. P. (2017, September 26). Seat at Le Cirque, and a Word With Trump, for $250,000. New York Times, p. A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (de Knijff 2014).
This sentence cites two references (de Knijff 2014; Ratcliffe and Nydam 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ratcliffe and Nydam 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Kendrick et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal for General Philosophy of Science
AbbreviationZ. Allg. Wissenschaftstheor.
ISSN (print)0925-4560
ISSN (online)1572-8587
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science
General Social Sciences

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