How to format your references using the Journal for General Philosophy of Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal for General Philosophy of Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Edgerton, D. (2011). In praise of Luddism. Nature, 471(7336), 27–29.
A journal article with 2 authors
Semmelhack, J. L., & Wang, J. W. (2009). Select Drosophila glomeruli mediate innate olfactory attraction and aversion. Nature, 459(7244), 218–223.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tellinghuisen, T. L., Marcotrigiano, J., & Rice, C. M. (2005). Structure of the zinc-binding domain of an essential component of the hepatitis C virus replicase. Nature, 435(7040), 374–379.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Adams, W. M., Aveling, R., Brockington, D., Dickson, B., Elliott, J., Hutton, J., et al. (2004). Biodiversity conservation and the eradication of poverty. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5699), 1146–1149.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hecht, J. (2008). Understanding Lasers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Duncan, S. F. M. (Ed.). (2012). Reoperative Hand Surgery. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Labra Gayo, J. E., Farham, H., Fernández, J. C., & Álvarez Rodríguez, J. M. (2014). Representing Statistical Indexes as Linked Data Including Metadata about Their Computation Process. In S. Closs, R. Studer, E. Garoufallou, & M.-A. Sicilia (Eds.), Metadata and Semantics Research: 8th Research Conference, MTSR 2014, Karlsruhe, Germany, November 27-29, 2014. Proceedings (pp. 42–53). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal for General Philosophy of Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, July 8). Small Galaxies Contributed More To The Early Universe Than Once Thought. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Space Acquisitions: Stronger Development Practices and Investment Planning Needed to Address Continuing Problems (No. GAO-05-891T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garishe, S. S. (2017). Protocol for file sharing in mobile ad hoc networks (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2008, January 19). Justices Will Hear Liability Cases With Federal-State Disparity at Issue. New York Times, p. C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Edgerton 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Edgerton 2011; Semmelhack and Wang 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Semmelhack and Wang 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Adams et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal for General Philosophy of Science
AbbreviationZ. Allg. Wissenschaftstheor.
ISSN (print)0925-4560
ISSN (online)1572-8587
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science
General Social Sciences

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