How to format your references using the Journal for General Philosophy of Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal for General Philosophy of Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Victor, P. (2010). Questioning economic growth. Nature, 468(7322), 370–371.
A journal article with 2 authors
Olson, M. V., & Varki, A. (2004). Genomics. The chimpanzee genome--a bittersweet celebration. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5681), 191–192.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ye, K., Malinina, L., & Patel, D. J. (2003). Recognition of small interfering RNA by a viral suppressor of RNA silencing. Nature, 426(6968), 874–878.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Eremets, M. I., Trojan, I. A., Medvedev, S. A., Tse, J. S., & Yao, Y. (2008). Superconductivity in hydrogen dominant materials: silane. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5869), 1506–1509.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jepsen, T. C. (2003). Distributed Storage Networks. West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Holick, M. F. (Ed.). (2010). Vitamin D: Physiology, Molecular Biology, and Clinical Applications. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Martin, A. J. (2015). Are These Testing Times, or Is It a Time to Test? Considering the Place of Tests in Students’ Academic Development. In H. Proctor, P. Brownlee, & P. Freebody (Eds.), Controversies in Education: Orthodoxy and Heresy in Policy and Practice (pp. 55–62). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal for General Philosophy of Science.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2015, September 7). THC In Marijuana Delays Organ Transplant Rejection In Mice. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Department of Education: Multiple, Nonintegrated Systems Hamper Management of Student Financial Aid Programs (No. T-HEHS/AIMD-97-132). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holliday, S. (2010). A case study of how DuPont reduced its environment footprint: The role of organizational change in sustainability (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lehman, S. (2017, March 9). Open Records Close the Case. New York Times, p. A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Victor 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Olson and Varki 2004; Victor 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Olson and Varki 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Eremets et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal for General Philosophy of Science
AbbreviationZ. Allg. Wissenschaftstheor.
ISSN (print)0925-4560
ISSN (online)1572-8587
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science
General Social Sciences

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