How to format your references using the Journal for General Philosophy of Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal for General Philosophy of Science (J Gen Philos Sci). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zanette, D. (2008). Playing by numbers. Nature, 453(7198), 988–989.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wan, Z., & Zhang, G. (2014). Controlled synthesis and visible light photocatalytic activity of Bi12GeO20 uniform microcrystals. Scientific reports, 4, 6298.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reiner, J. W., Walker, F. J., & Ahn, C. H. (2009). Materials science. Atomically engineered oxide interfaces. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5917), 1018–1019.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Koeberl, C., Glass, B. P., Keates, S. G., Potts, R., Weiwen, H., Yamei, H., et al. (2000). Tektites and the age paradox in mid-pleistocene china. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5479), 507a.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wong, B. P., Mittal, A., Cao, Y., & Starr, G. (2005). Nano-CMOS Circuit and Physical Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Melin, P., Kacprzyk, J., & Pedrycz, W. (Eds.). (2009). Bio-inspired Hybrid Intelligent Systems for Image Analysis and Pattern Recognition (Vol. 256). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Espinosa, H. D. (2007). In-Situ Electron Microscopy Testing of Nanostructures. In E. E. Gdoutos (Ed.), Experimental Analysis of Nano and Engineering Materials and Structures: Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Experimental Mechanics, Alexandroupolis, Greece, July 1–6, 2007 (pp. 9–10). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal for General Philosophy of Science.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, June 23). Gravitational Waves Help Unravel The History Of Black Holes. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Geographic Information Systems: Information on Federal Use and Coordination (No. IMTEC-91-72FS). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Russo, C. A. (2014). The potential harms of breast cancer screening: estimating the unnecessary surgical diagnosis of benign breast lesions and its impact on quality and cost among insured women younger than 65 years old (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Atlas, J. (2017, February 10). Headed for the Graveyard of Books. New York Times, p. BR21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rees 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Darnell 2014; Gill 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wan and Zhang 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal for General Philosophy of Science
AbbreviationZ. Allg. Wissenschaftstheor.
ISSN (print)0925-4560
ISSN (online)1572-8587
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science
General Social Sciences

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