How to format your references using the Journal for General Philosophy of Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal for General Philosophy of Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Money, N. P. (2010). Obituary: Cecil Terence Ingold (1905-2010). Nature, 465(7301), 1025.
A journal article with 2 authors
Butler, D., & Pockley, P. (2000). Monsanto makes rice genome public. Nature, 404(6778), 534.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grbic, A., Jiang, L., & Merlin, R. (2008). Near-field plates: subdiffraction focusing with patterned surfaces. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5875), 511–513.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hermosura, M. C., Takeuchi, H., Fleig, A., Riley, A. M., Potter, B. V., Hirata, M., & Penner, R. (2000). InsP4 facilitates store-operated calcium influx by inhibition of InsP3 5-phosphatase. Nature, 408(6813), 735–740.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Michael, E., Gillian, H., Stefan, K., & Alex, L. (2012). Gramsci. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Sabadini, I., Struppa, D. C., & Walnut, D. F. (Eds.). (2005). Harmonic Analysis, Signal Processing, and Complexity: Festschrift in Honor of the 60th Birthday of Carlos A. Berenstein (Vol. 238). Boston, MA: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Dick, J. (2009). On Quasi-Monte Carlo Rules Achieving Higher Order Convergence. In P. L’ Ecuyer & A. B. Owen (Eds.), Monte Carlo and Quasi-Monte Carlo Methods 2008 (pp. 73–96). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal for General Philosophy of Science.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2015, October 25). The Five Craziest Exoplanets Ever Discovered. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Government Civil Aircraft: Longstanding Management Problems (No. T-GGD-92-44). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Arens, J. L. (2015). Power, Oppression, and Group Difference Interrogation: A Call to Social Justice Movement Organizations (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Casselman, B. (2017, October 24). Experts Foresee a U.S. Work Force Defined by Ever Widening Divides. New York Times, p. B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Money 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Butler and Pockley 2000; Money 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Butler and Pockley 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Hermosura et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal for General Philosophy of Science
AbbreviationZ. Allg. Wissenschaftstheor.
ISSN (print)0925-4560
ISSN (online)1572-8587
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science
General Social Sciences

Other styles