How to format your references using the Reviews in Vascular Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reviews in Vascular Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Smaglik, Shifting the balance, Nature. 427 (2004) 375.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.A. Majumder, C.B. Cohen, Research ethics. The NIH draft guidelines on human stem cell research, Science. 324 (2009) 1648–1649.
A journal article with 3 authors
B. Gebelein, D.J. McKay, R.S. Mann, Direct integration of Hox and segmentation gene inputs during Drosophila development, Nature. 431 (2004) 653–659.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Guo, K. Xie, Y. Wang, L. Zhou, H. Huang, Aperiodic TiO2 nanotube photonic crystal: full-visible-spectrum solar light harvesting in photovoltaic devices, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6442.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
N.B. Robbins, Creating More Effective Graphs, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2004.
An edited book
F. Hadzic, Mining of Data with Complex Structures, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Stephan, D. Underwood-Gregg, E. Yackel, Guided Reinvention: What Is It and How Do Teachers Learn This Teaching Approach?, in: Y. Li, E.A. Silver, S. Li (Eds.), Transforming Mathematics Instruction: Multiple Approaches and Practices, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014: pp. 37–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reviews in Vascular Medicine.

Blog post
J. Fang, Rare, Hairy Nautilus Spotted For The First Time in 30 Years, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Review of Vending Operations on Federally Controlled Property, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K.R. Detweiler, Exploring Discursive Interaction, Habitus, and Dynamic Co-emergence Among an Agency Leader and Congressional Oversight Committee: A Case Study of Languaging in Practice, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Hodara, The Art of the Nest, New York Times. (2016) WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleReviews in Vascular Medicine
AbbreviationRev. Vasc. Med.
ISSN (print)2212-0211

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