How to format your references using the Reviews in Vascular Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reviews in Vascular Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Gershon, Structural genomics--from cottage industry to industrial revolution, Nature. 408 (2000) 273–274.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. Rauschenberger, S. Yantis, Masking unveils pre-amodal completion representation in visual search, Nature. 410 (2001) 369–372.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Smith, J.D. Van Dyken, P.C. Zee, A generalization of Hamilton’s rule for the evolution of microbial cooperation, Science. 328 (2010) 1700–1703.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Bartke, J.C. Wright, J.A. Mattison, D.K. Ingram, R.A. Miller, G.S. Roth, Extending the lifespan of long-lived mice, Nature. 414 (2001) 412.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P.-E. Arduin, M. Grundstein, C. Rosenthal-Sabroux, Information and Knowledge System, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2015.
An edited book
A.B. Cristóbal López, A. Martí Vega, A. Luque López, eds., Next Generation of Photovoltaics: New Concepts, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
S.A. Refaat, Egyptian Tourism with the Expected Water Scarcity Crisis, in: V. Katsoni (Ed.), Cultural Tourism in a Digital Era: First International Conference IACuDiT, Athens, 2014, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 39–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reviews in Vascular Medicine.

Blog post
K. Hamilton, 7 “Facts’’ You Learned In School That Are No Longer True,” IFLScience. (2017).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Intercity Passenger Rail: Highlights of GAO Report on Need for National Policy and Strategies to Maximize Public Benefits from Federal Expenditures, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
F. Zanjani, Leadership and decision making of successful Iranian American, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J.B. Stewart, Now on Broadway, an Economics Lesson, New York Times. (2017) B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleReviews in Vascular Medicine
AbbreviationRev. Vasc. Med.
ISSN (print)2212-0211

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