How to format your references using the Reviews in Vascular Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reviews in Vascular Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Z. Ghahramani, Probabilistic machine learning and artificial intelligence, Nature. 521 (2015) 452–459.
A journal article with 2 authors
T. Pizzari, T.R. Birkhead, Female feral fowl eject sperm of subdominant males, Nature. 405 (2000) 787–789.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. Choudhury, D. Morgan, B.P. Uberuaga, Massive interfacial reconstruction at misfit dislocations in metal/oxide interfaces, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6533.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H.E. Katz, A.J. Lovinger, J. Johnson, C. Kloc, T. Siegrist, W. Li, Y.Y. Lin, A. Dodabalapur, A soluble and air-stable organic semiconductor with high electron mobility, Nature. 404 (2000) 478–481.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C. Eklund, R.B. Marks, S. Ponnuswamy, K.L. Stanwood, N.J.M. van Waes, WirelessMAN®, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
C. Machado, J.P. Davim, eds., MBA: Theory and Application of Business and Management Principles, 1st ed. 2016, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
D.M. O’Hern, Y. Nozaki, Forest Secondary School, in: Y. Nozaki (Ed.), Natural Science Education, Indigenous Knowledge, and Sustainable Development in Rural and Urban Schools in Kenya: Toward Critical Postcolonial Curriculum Policies and Practices, SensePublishers, Rotterdam, 2014: pp. 63–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reviews in Vascular Medicine.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Scientists Dissociate Benefits Of Medical Marijuana From Its Negative Side Effects, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Civil Space: NASA’s Strategic Planning Process, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.W. Allen, Popular Culture and War in the Vietnam Era, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, Extra Innings and Late-Game Twists, New York Times. (2017) A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleReviews in Vascular Medicine
AbbreviationRev. Vasc. Med.
ISSN (print)2212-0211

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