How to format your references using the The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Florig HK. Public health. Is safe mail worth the price? Science 2002;295:1467–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Knust E, Bossinger O. Composition and formation of intercellular junctions in epithelial cells. Science 2002;298:1955–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Xia K, Rosakis AJ, Kanamori H. Laboratory earthquakes: the sub-Rayleigh-to-supershear rupture transition. Science 2004;303:1859–61.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Hoefen TM, Clark RN, Bandfield JL, Smith MD, Pearl JC, Christensen PR. Discovery of olivine in the Nili Fssae region of Mars. Science 2003;302:627–30.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Baldwin P. OSx86. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Ghosh A. Introduction to Micromechanisms and Microactuators. vol. 28. New Delhi: Springer India; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Dorak MT, Yazici Y. Biomarkers, Genetic Association, and Genomic Studies. In: Yazici H, Yazici Y, Lesaffre E, editors. Understanding Evidence-Based Rheumatology: A Guide to Interpreting Criteria, Drugs, Trials, Registries, and Ethics, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014, p. 79–126.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry.

Blog post
[1]
Hamilton K. How Our Species Got Smarter: Through A Rush Of Blood To The Head. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/how-our-species-got-smarter-through-a-rush-of-blood-to-the-head/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Environmental Satellites: NOAA Needs to Ensure Its Timelines Are Accurate, Clear, and Fully Documented. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Mills CC. Olfaction and Exhibition: Assessing the Impact of Scent in Museums on Exhibit Engagement, Learning and Empathy. Doctoral dissertation. Florida Atlantic University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Walsh MW. Irene Adds To Bad Year For Insurers. New York Times 2011:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
AbbreviationJ. Nutr. Biochem.
ISSN (print)0955-2863
ScopeBiochemistry
Clinical Biochemistry
Molecular Biology
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles