How to format your references using the The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Kojevnikov A. Russian science: the little ball made science bigger. Nature 2007;449:542.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Zebrowitz LA, Montepare JM. Psychology. Appearance DOES matter. Science 2005;308:1565–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Post DM, Pace ML, Hairston NG Jr. Ecosystem size determines food-chain length in lakes. Nature 2000;405:1047–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Wang Y, Cheng H, Edwards RL, He Y, Kong X, An Z, et al. The Holocene Asian monsoon: links to solar changes and North Atlantic climate. Science 2005;308:854–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Lindahl D. Emerging Real Estate Markets. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
[1]
Theeramunkong T, Kijsirikul B, Cercone N, Ho T-B, editors. Advances in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining: 13th Pacific-Asia Conference, PAKDD 2009 Bangkok, Thailand, April 27-30, 2009 Proceedings. vol. 5476. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Smith DR. Asian Honeybees and Mitochondrial DNA. In: Hepburn HR, Radloff SE, editors. Honeybees of Asia, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011, p. 69–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. Skeletons From 400-Year-Old Gravesite Identified As Jamestown Leaders. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/skeletons-400-year-old-gravesite-identified-jamestown-leaders/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Agencies Need to Strengthen Oversight of Billions of Dollars in Operations and Maintenance Investments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Morris L. Evolving the leadership model of the American theatre to forge a fiscally and artistically secure future. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Greenhouse L. Justices to Hear Case Testing Rule on Witness. New York Times 2008:A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
AbbreviationJ. Nutr. Biochem.
ISSN (print)0955-2863
ScopeBiochemistry
Clinical Biochemistry
Molecular Biology
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Nutrition and Dietetics

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