How to format your references using the Chinese Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Rowan R. Coral bleaching: thermal adaptation in reef coral symbionts. Nature. 2004;430:742.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Ratnieks FLW, Wenseleers T. Evolution. Policing insect societies. Science. 2005;307:54–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Hedrick TL, Cheng B, Deng X. Wingbeat time and the scaling of passive rotational damping in flapping flight. Science. 2009;324:252–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Koralek JD, Weber CP, Orenstein J, Bernevig BA, Zhang S-C, Mack S, et al. Emergence of the persistent spin helix in semiconductor quantum wells. Nature. 2009;458:610–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Dimon R. Enterprise Performance Management Done Right. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Zhiltsov SS, Zonn IS, Kostianoy AG, editors. Oil and Gas Pipelines in the Black-Caspian Seas Region. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Cheng J, Shen D, Yap P-T, Basser PJ. Novel Single and Multiple Shell Uniform Sampling Schemes for Diffusion MRI Using Spherical Codes. In: Navab N, Hornegger J, Wells WM, Frangi A, editors. Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention -- MICCAI 2015: 18th International Conference, Munich, Germany, October 5-9, 2015, Proceedings, Part I. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 28–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Medicine.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Scientists Digitally Reconstruct Part Of A Rat’s Brain [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/brain/scientists-digitally-reconstruct-part-rats-brain/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Small Business Innovation Research: Information on Awards Made by NIH and DoD in Fiscal Years 2001 through 2004. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006 Apr. Report No.: GAO-06-565.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Carter KE. The use of boron-doped diamond film electrodes for the oxidative degradation of perfluorooctane sulfonate and trichloroethylene [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wilson M. A Hole in Their Hearts, 5 Years After Hurricane Hit Staten Island. New York Times. 2017 Oct 27;A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Medicine
AbbreviationChin. Med.
ISSN (online)1749-8546
ScopeComplementary and alternative medicine
Pharmacology

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