How to format your references using the Chinese Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Burkard G. Physics. Splitting spin states on a chip. Science. 2010;327:650–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Wheeler T, von Braun J. Climate change impacts on global food security. Science. 2013;341:508–13.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Zhang Y-C, Song S-W, Liu W-M. The confinement induced resonance in spin-orbit coupled cold atoms with Raman coupling. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4992.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Peplowski PN, Evans LG, Hauck SA 2nd, McCoy TJ, Boynton WV, Gillis-Davis JJ, et al. Radioactive elements on Mercury’s surface from MESSENGER: implications for the planet’s formation and evolution. Science. 2011;333:1850–2.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Berto F. There’s Something about Gödel. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2009.
An edited book
1. Kole C, editor. Pulses, Sugar and Tuber Crops. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Falquet G, Guyot J. Ontologies and Multilingualism. In: Métral C, Teller J, Tweed C, editors. Ontologies in Urban Development Projects. London: Springer; 2011. p. 69–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Medicine.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Human Ancestors Evolved As Forests Gave Way To Grasslands [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/human-ancestors-evolved-as-forests-gave-way-to-grasslands/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Contract Pricing: Subcontractor Prices Overstated on AN/TSQ-111 Communications Contract. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986 Aug. Report No.: NSIAD-86-166.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Rieger K. Phenomenological Exploration of the Characteristics of Successful Women Entrepreneurs [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. Suddenly, Jeter’s Not Fine. New York Times. 2011 Jun 15;B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Medicine
AbbreviationChin. Med.
ISSN (online)1749-8546
ScopeComplementary and alternative medicine
Pharmacology

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