How to format your references using the Chinese Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Ostriker JP. Obituary: John Norris Bahcall 1935-2005. Nature. 2005;437:43.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Van Roy P, Briggs DEG. A giant Ordovician anomalocaridid. Nature. 2011;473:510–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Tanner C, Manca C, Leutwyler S. Probing the threshold to H atom transfer along a hydrogen-bonded ammonia wire. Science. 2003;302:1736–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Morrish TA, Garcia-Perez JL, Stamato TD, Taccioli GE, Sekiguchi J, Moran JV. Endonuclease-independent LINE-1 retrotransposition at mammalian telomeres. Nature. 2007;446:208–12.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Chapman BR, Bolen EG. Ecology of North America. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
1. Strecher MC, Thomas PL, editors. Haruki Murakami: Challenging Authors. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Blischke WR, Rezaul Karim M, Prabhakar Murthy DN. Warranty Claims Data. In: Karim MR, Murthy DNP, editors. Warranty Data Collection and Analysis. London: Springer; 2011. p. 61–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Medicine.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Not Too Brutish: Neanderthals Hunted Pigeons [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. The Title I Program for the Handicapped. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977 Oct. Report No.: 103696.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Lama N. Optimized Veterinary Thermographic Image Classification using Support Vector Machines and Noise Mitigation [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Walsh MW. Moody’s Credit Ratings of States To Factor In Unfunded Pensions. New York Times. 2011 Jan 27;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Medicine
AbbreviationChin. Med.
ISSN (online)1749-8546
ScopeComplementary and alternative medicine

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