How to format your references using the Chinese Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. ten Kate K. Global genetic resources. Science and the Convention on Biological Diversity. Science. 2002;295:2371–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Dominé F, Shepson PB. Air-snow interactions and atmospheric chemistry. Science. 2002;297:1506–10.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Hanna JB, Schmitt D, Griffin TM. The energetic cost of climbing in primates. Science. 2008;320:898.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Stewart MD Jr, Yin A, Xu JM, Valles JM Jr. Superconducting pair correlations in an amorphous insulating nanohoneycomb film. Science. 2007;318:1273–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Chen G, Wang X, Li X. Fundamentals of Complex Networks. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. Jikeli G, Allouche-Benayoun J, editors. Perceptions of the Holocaust in Europe and Muslim Communities: Sources, Comparisons and Educational Challenges. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Balzer K, Bonitz M. Lattice Systems. In: Bonitz M, editor. Nonequilibrium Green’s Functions Approach to Inhomogeneous Systems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 75–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Medicine.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Catastrophic Erosion Cut Britain Off From Europe Nearly Half A Million Years Ago. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration: Light Truck Average Fuel Economy Standard, Model Year 2001. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Apr. Report No.: OGC-99-41.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Beard JA. Evidence of Leadership Competencies in the Journal of Mary Easton Sibley, a Pioneering 19th Century Women’s College Founder [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Barnard A. Wary of Russian Guarantees, Residents Are Staying Put in Aleppo. New York Times. 2016 Oct 20;A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Medicine
AbbreviationChin. Med.
ISSN (online)1749-8546
ScopeComplementary and alternative medicine

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