How to format your references using the Chinese Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Bennetzen J. The rice genome. Opening the door to comparative plant biology. Science. 2002;296:60–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Rosenberg SM, Hastings PJ. Microbiology and evolution. Modulating mutation rates in the wild. Science. 2003;300:1382–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Matter N, Herrlich P, König H. Signal-dependent regulation of splicing via phosphorylation of Sam68. Nature. 2002;420:691–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Grützner F, Rens W, Tsend-Ayush E, El-Mogharbel N, O’Brien PCM, Jones RC, et al. In the platypus a meiotic chain of ten sex chromosomes shares genes with the bird Z and mammal X chromosomes. Nature. 2004;432:913–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Lipiansky E. Electrical, Electronics, and Digital Hardware Essentials for Scientists and Engineers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Rudolph T, Foscht T, Morschett D, Schnedlitz P, Schramm-Klein H, Swoboda B, editors. European Retail Research. Wiesbaden: Gabler Verlag; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Wu X, You X, Wang B. Symplectic and Symmetric Multidimensional ERKN Methods. In: You X, Wang B, editors. Structure-Preserving Algorithms for Oscillatory Differential Equations. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 91–119.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Medicine.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Massive Sea Creature Attacks, Kills And Eats A 3 Meter Long Great White Shark [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Telling America’s Story to the World--Problems and Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1974 Mar. Report No.: B-118654.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Ackerina J. The call of public service: Motivation and professional commitment in education [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Hollander S. Romance Does Not Stop Even After the Race Begins. New York Times. 2000 Nov 4;D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Medicine
AbbreviationChin. Med.
ISSN (online)1749-8546
ScopeComplementary and alternative medicine

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