How to format your references using the Respiration citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Respiration. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Schmidt B. Astronomy. The link between supernovae and gamma ray bursts. Science. 2005 May;308(5726):1265–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Schappacher M, Deffieux A. Synthesis of macrocyclic copolymer brushes and their self-assembly into supramolecular tubes. Science. 2008 Mar;319(5869):1512–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Copeland NG, Jenkins NA, O’Brien SJ. Genomics. Mmu 16--comparative genomic highlights. Science. 2002 May;296(5573):1617–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Harte J, Ostling A, Green JL, Kinzig A. Biodiversity conservation: climate change and extinction risk. Nature. 2004 Jul;430(6995):3 p following 33; discussion following 33.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Weller RB, Hunter HJA, Mann MW. Clinical Dermatology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1
Callus E, Quadri E, editors. Clinical Psychology and Congenital Heart Disease: Lifelong Psychological Aspects and Interventions. Milano: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Duarte FJ, Machado RJ, Fernandes JM. BIM: A Methodology to Transform Business Processes into Software Systems. In: Biffl S, Winkler D, Bergsmann J, editors. Software Quality. Process Automation in Software Development: 4th International Conference, SWQD 2012, Vienna, Austria, January 17-19, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012; pp 39–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Respiration.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. The Science of the Obesity Epidemic [Internet]. IFLScience. 2013 Oct

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: System Management Capabilities Improved, but More Can Be Done to Institutionalize Improvements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Mueller C. A Multidimensional Perspective of Faculty Mentoring and Job Satisfaction during the First Year of Teaching at Lindenwood University. 2012

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Greenhouse L. IN REVERSAL OF COURSE, JUSTICES, 5-4, BACK BAN ON ABORTION METHOD. New York Times. 2007 Apr;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRespiration
AbbreviationRespiration
ISSN (print)0025-7931
ISSN (online)1423-0356
ScopePulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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