How to format your references using the Respiration citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Respiration. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Dalton R. US court slashes damages in polymerase-beta theft case. Nature. 2000 Oct;407(6806):824.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Woodside MT, McEuen PL. Scanned probe imaging of single-electron charge states in nanotube quantum dots. Science. 2002 May;296(5570):1098–101.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Toda S, Stein RS, Sagiya T. Evidence from the AD 2000 Izu islands earthquake swarm that stressing rate governs seismicity. Nature. 2002 Sep;419(6902):58–61.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Logothetis NK, Pauls J, Augath M, Trinath T, Oeltermann A. Neurophysiological investigation of the basis of the fMRI signal. Nature. 2001 Jul;412(6843):150–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Center for Chemical Process Safety. A Practical Approach to Hazard Identification for Operations and Maintenance Workers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1
Tribastone M, Gilmore S, editors. Computer Performance Engineering: 9th European Workshop, EPEW 2012, Munich, Germany, July 30, 2012, and 28th UK Workshop, UKPEW 2012, Edinburgh, UK, July 2, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Obermaisser R. Formal Specification of Gateways in Integrated Architectures. In: Brinkschulte U, Givargis T, Russo S, editors. Software Technologies for Embedded and Ubiquitous Systems: 6th IFIP WG 10.2 International Workshop, SEUS 2008, Anacarpi, Capri Island, Italy, October 1-3, 2008 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008; pp 34–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Respiration.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Lava Flow In Hawaii Incinerates Its First House [Internet]. IFLScience. 2014 Nov

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. IRS Website: Long-Term Strategy Needed to Improve Interactive Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Morales CJ. Can early-life activity behavior predict adult compliance with an exercise program in later life? 2010

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Sisario B. Pentatonix Album Tops Billboard’s Chart Again. New York Times. 2017 Jan;C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRespiration
AbbreviationRespiration
ISSN (print)0025-7931
ISSN (online)1423-0356
ScopePulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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