How to format your references using the The Journal of Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zakamska NL (2010) H(2) emission arises outside photodissociation regions in ultraluminous infrared galaxies. Nature 465:60–63.
A journal article with 2 authors
McGraw JB, Furedi MA (2005) Deer browsing and population viability of a forest understory plant. Science 307:920–922.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pawloski JR, Hess DT, Stamler JS (2001) Export by red blood cells of nitric oxide bioactivity. Nature 409:622–626.
A journal article with 20 or more authors
Meredith RW et al. (2011) Impacts of the Cretaceous Terrestrial Revolution and KPg extinction on mammal diversification. Science 334:521–524.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prydie D, Hewitt I (2015) Practical Physiotherapy for Small Animal Practice. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Manimala MJ, Wasdani KP eds. (2015) Entrepreneurial Ecosystem: Perspectives from Emerging Economies. New Delhi: Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Babbar N, Gerner EW (2011) Targeting Polyamines and Inflammation for Cancer Prevention. In: Clinical Cancer Prevention (Senn H-J, Otto F, eds), pp 49–64 Recent Results in Cancer Research. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Neuroscience.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) This Is What The Ancient Greek “Griffin Warrior” Looked Like. IFLScience Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/this-is-what-the-ancient-greek-griffin-warrior-looked-like/ [Accessed October 30, 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) Space Operations: NASA’s Communications Support for Earth Orbiting Spacecraft. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maranhao B (2015) Efficient identification of disease causative mutations with next generation sequencing technologies.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S (2015) Art Appreciation 101: Take a Nap. New York Times:CT9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zakamska, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (McGraw and Furedi, 2005; Zakamska, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McGraw and Furedi, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Meredith et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Neuroscience
AbbreviationJ. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)0270-6474
ISSN (online)1529-2401
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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