How to format your references using the The Journal of Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Egger AE (2012) IBI series winner. Engaging students in earthquakes via real-time data and decisions. Science 336:1654–1655.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vohr SH, Green RE (2015) Development. Aneuploidy and mother’s genes. Science 348:180–181.
A journal article with 3 authors
Merico A, Tyrrell T, Wilson PA (2008) Eocene/Oligocene ocean de-acidification linked to Antarctic glaciation by sea-level fall. Nature 452:979–982.
A journal article with 20 or more authors
Hsu S-H, Li C-T, Chien H-T, Salunkhe RR, Suzuki N, Yamauchi Y, Ho K-C, Wu KC-W (2014) Platinum-free counter electrode comprised of metal-organic-framework (MOF)-derived cobalt sulfide nanoparticles for efficient dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). Sci Rep 4:6983.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Levin MA, Kalal TT (2005) Improving Product Reliability. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Piazolo F, Felderer M eds. (2013) Innovation and Future of Enterprise Information Systems: ERP Future 2012 Conference, Salzburg, Austria, November 2012, Revised Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Majumdar TK, Howard DR (2011) The Use of Dried Blood Spots for Concentration Assessment in Pharmacokinetic Evaluations. In: Pharmacokinetics in Drug Development: Advances and Applications, Volume 3 (Bonate PL, Howard DR, eds), pp 91–114. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Tesla Batteries: Just The Beginning Of How Technology Will Transform The Electric Grid. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) NASA Procurement: Opportunities to Improve Contract Management. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gobas M (2012) Affiliate users policy: Solution to multiple ball field users in the city of Artesia.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L (2007) State Court Blocks Synagogue’s Expansion. New York Times:14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Egger, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Egger, 2012; Vohr and Green, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vohr and Green, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Hsu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Neuroscience
AbbreviationJ. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)0270-6474
ISSN (online)1529-2401
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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