How to format your references using the The Journal of Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Aarestrup F (2012) Sustainable farming: Get pigs off antibiotics. Nature 486:465–466.
A journal article with 2 authors
Menon S, Manning BD (2013) Cell signalling: nutrient sensing lost in cancer. Nature 498:444–445.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wasmuth EV, Januszyk K, Lima CD (2014) Structure of an Rrp6-RNA exosome complex bound to poly(A) RNA. Nature 511:435–439.
A journal article with 20 or more authors
Zarka P, Lamy L, Cecconi B, Prangé R, Rucker HO (2007) Modulation of Saturn’s radio clock by solar wind speed. Nature 450:265–267.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bagdonavičius V, Julius K, Nikulin MS (2011) Non-parametric Tests for Complete Data. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Losic D, Santos A eds. (2015) Nanoporous Alumina: Fabrication, Structure, Properties and Applications. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Quinn K, Ingram AJ, Hart RG (2015) Anticoagulation in CKD. In: Cardio-Renal Clinical Challenges (Goldsmith D, Covic A, Spaak J, eds), pp 29–39. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Neuroscience.

Blog post
Luntz S (2017) New Theory That Many Collisions, Not One, Formed The Moon. IFLScience Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1980) Need for NASA To Provide Congress More Complete Cost Information on Its Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lingley-Papadopoulos CA (2008) Image analysis of Optical Coherence Tomography images of the urinary bladder for the recognition of bladder cancer.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schulman M (2017) Living His Truth. New York Times:ST1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Aarestrup, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Aarestrup, 2012; Menon and Manning, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Menon and Manning, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Zarka et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Neuroscience
AbbreviationJ. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)0270-6474
ISSN (online)1529-2401
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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