How to format your references using the The Journal of Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Joyce GF (2012) Evolution. Toward an alternative biology. Science 336:307–308.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bettencourt L, West G (2010) A unified theory of urban living. Nature 467:912–913.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pereira HM, Borda-de-Água L, Martins IS (2012) Geometry and scale in species-area relationships. Nature 482:E3-4; author reply E5-6.
A journal article with 20 or more authors
Knott SRV et al. (2018) Erratum: Asparagine bioavailability governs metastasis in a model of breast cancer. Nature 556:135.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Armaroli N, Balzani V, Serpone N (2013) Powering Planet Earth. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Tomar V (2015) Multiscale Characterization of Biological Systems: Spectroscopy and Modeling (Qu T, Dubey DK, Verma D, Zhang Y, eds). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Jagode H, YarKhan A, Danalis A, Dongarra J (2016) Power Management and Event Verification in PAPI. In: Tools for High Performance Computing 2015: Proceedings of the 9th International Workshop on Parallel Tools for High Performance Computing, September 2015, Dresden, Germany (Knüpfer A, Hilbrich T, Niethammer C, Gracia J, Nagel WE, Resch MM, eds), pp 41–51. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Neuroscience.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) Countries Vote To End Ivory Trade, But Attempt To Boost Elephant Protection Is Defeated. IFLScience Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1967) Comments on Legality of NASA Contracts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lew MM (2017) Hydroxyl, Hydroperoxyl, and Organic Peroxy Radical Chemistry in Forested Areas: Measurements, Modeling and Implications for Atmospheric Chemistry.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson G (2015) When Radiation Isn’t the Risk. New York Times:D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wingreen, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Dalton, 2001; Guillén, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bettencourt and West, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Agogué et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Neuroscience
AbbreviationJ. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)0270-6474
ISSN (online)1529-2401
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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