How to format your references using the The Journal of Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P (2004) Starting the brain gain. Nature 427:267.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wickner W, Schekman R (2005) Protein translocation across biological membranes. Science 310:1452–1456.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ronshaugen M, McGinnis N, McGinnis W (2002) Hox protein mutation and macroevolution of the insect body plan. Nature 415:914–917.
A journal article with 20 or more authors
Toppani A, Robert F, Libourel G, de Donato P, Barres O, d’Hendecourt L, Ghanbaja J (2005) A “dry” condensation origin for circumstellar carbonates. Nature 437:1121–1124.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rankin J (2008) Effects of Antenatal Exercise on Psychological Well-Being, Pregnancy and Birth Outcome. Philadelphia, PA, USA: Whurr Publishers Ltd.
An edited book
Jurik AG ed. (2007) Imaging of the Sternocostoclavicular Region. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Qian M, Nahum-Shani I, Murphy SA (2013) Dynamic Treatment Regimes. In: Modern Clinical Trial Analysis (Tang W, Tu X, eds), pp 127–148. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Neuroscience.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) Taurine May Help Treat Psychosis – But That Doesn’t Mean You Should Binge On Red Bull. IFLScience Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/taurine-may-help-treat-psychosis-doesnt-mean-should-binge-red-bull/ [Accessed October 30, 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Aviation Safety: Problems Persist in FAA’s Inspection Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dillon KS (2009) Social support to families of children with special needs: A grant.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Powell M, Walsh MW (2010) A.I.G. to Pay $725 Million In Ohio Case. New York Times:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik, 2004; Wickner and Schekman, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wickner and Schekman, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Toppani et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Neuroscience
AbbreviationJ. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)0270-6474
ISSN (online)1529-2401
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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