How to format your references using the International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gurnett, D. A. (2006). Obituary: James A. Van Allen (1914-2006). Nature, 443(7108), 158.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gunlycke, D., & Sheehan, P. E. (2011). Materials science. Local peeling of graphene. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6021), 1146–1147.
A journal article with 3 authors
Comas, D., Petit, F., & Preat, T. (2004). Drosophila long-term memory formation involves regulation of cathepsin activity. Nature, 430(6998), 460–463.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Nath, U., Crawford, B. C. W., Carpenter, R., & Coen, E. (2003). Genetic control of surface curvature. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5611), 1404–1407.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Robinson, T. R. (2010). Genetics for Dummies®. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Nautiyal, S. (2015). Biodiversity of Semiarid Landscape: Baseline Study for Understanding the Impact of Human Development on Ecosystems. (K. Bhaskar & Y. D. I. Khan, Eds.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Nygreen, B., & Haugen, K. (2010). Applied Mathematical Programming in Norwegian Petroleum Field and Pipeline Development: Some Highlights from the Last 30 Years. In E. Bjørndal, M. Bjørndal, P. M. Pardalos, & M. Rönnqvist (Eds.), Energy, Natural Resources and Environmental Economics (pp. 59–69). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, October 9). Hybrid Material May Help Crush Solar Cell Efficiency Record. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Delta Teachers Academy (No. RCED-94-213R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith, G. S. (2008). The relationship between legislative implementations and educator readiness in inclusive educational environments (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dorman, J. L. (2017, March 15). Tessa Kiros, Food Writer, on France’s Sway. New York Times, p. TR2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gurnett 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Gunlycke and Sheehan 2011; Gurnett 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gunlycke and Sheehan 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Nath et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Entrepreneurship and Management Journal
AbbreviationInt. Entrep.. Manag. J.
ISSN (print)1554-7191
ISSN (online)1555-1938
ScopeManagement Information Systems
Management of Technology and Innovation

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