How to format your references using the International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Catania, K. (2014). The shocking predatory strike of the electric eel. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6214), 1231–1234.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sigala, N., & Logothetis, N. K. (2002). Visual categorization shapes feature selectivity in the primate temporal cortex. Nature, 415(6869), 318–320.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pagel, M., Atkinson, Q. D., & Meade, A. (2007). Frequency of word-use predicts rates of lexical evolution throughout Indo-European history. Nature, 449(7163), 717–720.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ge, G.-X., Sun, H.-B., Sun, H.-B., Han, Y., Song, F.-Q., Zhao, J.-J., et al. (2014). Reversible switching of magnetic states by electric fields in nitrogenized-divacancies graphene decorated by tungsten atoms. Scientific reports, 4, 7575.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chin, W. C. (2016). Resistivity Modeling. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Schoenberger, S. P., Katsikis, P. D., & Pulendran, B. (Eds.). (2015). Crossroads Between Innate and Adaptive Immunity V (1st ed. 2015., Vol. 850). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Silverstein, M., & Abramson, A. (2008). How Baby-Boomers in the United States Anticipate Their Aging Future: Implications for the Silver Market. In F. Kohlbacher & C. Herstatt (Eds.), The Silver Market Phenomenon: Business Opportunities in an Era of Demographic Change (pp. 55–69). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, December 12). Why Were There So Many Dinosaur Species? IFLScience. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/why-were-there-so-many-dinosaur-species/. Accessed 30 October 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Aviation Safety: Weaknesses in Inspection and Enforcement Limit FAA in Identifying and Responding to Risks (No. RCED-98-6). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Volle, M. (2017). Exploring the relationship of meetings to organizational culture and values (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992, September 4). THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; Clinton Predicts Bush Will Trim Social Security. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Catania 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Catania 2014; Sigala and Logothetis 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sigala and Logothetis 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Ge et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Entrepreneurship and Management Journal
AbbreviationInt. Entrep.. Manag. J.
ISSN (print)1554-7191
ISSN (online)1555-1938
ScopeManagement Information Systems
Management of Technology and Innovation

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