How to format your references using the NeuroMetals citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for NeuroMetals. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Knapp S. Fact and fantasy. The zoology created by our imagination is far outstripped by that of reality. Nature. 2002;415:479.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Raşa M, Philipse AP. Evidence for a macroscopic electric field in the sedimentation profiles of charged colloids. Nature. 2004;429:857–60.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Sugden A, Smith J, Pennisi E. The future of forests. Science. 2008;320:1435.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Umbach JL, Kramer MF, Jurak I, Karnowski HW, Coen DM, Cullen BR. MicroRNAs expressed by herpes simplex virus 1 during latent infection regulate viral mRNAs. Nature. 2008;454:780–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Butler KC. Multinational Finance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
1. Willems JC, Hara S, Ohta Y, Fujioka H, editors. Perspectives in Mathematical System Theory, Control, and Signal Processing: A Festschrift in Honor of Yutaka Yamamoto on the Occasion of his 60th Birthday. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Wang Y, Liang Z, Shen L. Global Sufficient Conditions for Nonconvex Cubic Minimization Problem with Box Constraints. In: Gao D, Ruan N, Xing W, editors. Advances in Global Optimization. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 33–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for NeuroMetals.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. New Electric Fish Genus in Amazon Tributaries [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/new-electric-fish-genus-amazon-tributaries/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Information Security: Many NASA Missions-Critical Systems Face Serious Risks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 May. Report No.: AIMD-99-47.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Fahmy C. Intoxicated by music: A content analysis of the prevalence of alcohol, illicit substances, and tobacco in popular music from 2000 to 2011 [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly C. Choosing to Live Abroad in Retirement. New York Times. 2014 Nov 15;B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroMetals
ISSN (online)2058-1645
Scope

Other styles