How to format your references using the NeuroMetals citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for NeuroMetals. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Grayson M. Biofuels. Nature. 2011;474:S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Bell AC, Felsenfeld G. Methylation of a CTCF-dependent boundary controls imprinted expression of the Igf2 gene. Nature. 2000;405:482–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Esposito MS, Capelli P, Arber S. Brainstem nucleus MdV mediates skilled forelimb motor tasks. Nature. 2014;508:351–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Poggio T, Rifkin R, Mukherjee S, Niyogi P. General conditions for predictivity in learning theory. Nature. 2004;428:419–22.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Black R. Pragmatic Software Testing. Indianapolis, Indiana: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1. Dubitzky W, Southgate J, Fuß H, editors. Understanding the Dynamics of Biological Systems: Lessons Learned from Integrative Systems Biology. New York, NY: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Attard DJ. Mediterranean Maritime Jurisdictional Claims: A Review. In: Basedow J, Magnus U, Wolfrum R, editors. The Hamburg Lectures on Maritime Affairs 2009 & 2010. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 89–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for NeuroMetals.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. No Exoskeleton, No Brain Surgery: Paralyzed Man Walks Again Using Brain Waves. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. FCC: Ka-Band Satellite Application and Licensing Procedure. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Dec. Report No.: OGC-98-15.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Johnson DA. Job satisfaction in the operating room: An analysis of the cultural competence of nurses [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Paulson M. Sale of Albee Collection To Benefit Foundation. New York Times. 2017 Jun 25;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroMetals
ISSN (online)2058-1645
Scope

Other styles