How to format your references using the The Journal of Modern History citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Modern History (JMH). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koen, Deb. “Nuts and Bolts. Seeking Feedback.” Nature 430, no. 6999 (July 29, 2004): 592.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anderson, A. K., and E. A. Phelps. “Lesions of the Human Amygdala Impair Enhanced Perception of Emotionally Salient Events.” Nature 411, no. 6835 (May 17, 2001): 305–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Koedinger, Kenneth R., Julie L. Booth, and David Klahr. “Education Research. Instructional Complexity and the Science to Constrain It.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 342, no. 6161 (November 22, 2013): 935–37.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Chevalier, M-L, F. J. Ryerson, P. Tapponnier, R. C. Finkel, J. Van Der Woerd, Li Haibing, and Liu Qing. “Slip-Rate Measurements on the Karakorum Fault May Imply Secular Variations in Fault Motion.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 307, no. 5708 (January 21, 2005): 411–14.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smed, Jouni, and Harri Hakonen. Algorithms and Networking for Computer Games. Chichester, UK, 2017.
An edited book
Lai, Cristian, Alessandro Giuliani, and Giovanni Semeraro, eds. Distributed Systems and Applications of Information Filtering and Retrieval: DART 2012: Revised and Invited Papers. Vol. 515. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhou, Zhong-Rong, Hai-Yang Yu, Jing Zheng, Lin-Mao Qian, and Yu Yan. “Effect of the Oral Environment on the Tribological Behavior of Human Teeth.” In Dental Biotribology, edited by Hai-Yang Yu, Jing Zheng, Lin-Mao Qian, and Yu Yan, 75–115. New York, NY, 2013.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Modern History.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. “Has a Chupacabra Been Captured in Texas?” IFLScience. April 4, 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Student Loans: Direct Loans Could Save Money and Simplify Program Administration.” Washington, DC, September 27, 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hoffer, Heike. “Aesthetics of Destruction: Music and the Worldview of Ikari Shinji in ‘Neon Genesis Evangelion.’” Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, Ben. “‘La La Land’ Music Jumps to No. 2.” New York Times, January 16, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference Deb Koen, “Nuts and Bolts. Seeking Feedback,” Nature 430, no. 6999 (July 29, 2004): 592..
This sentence cites two references Deb Koen, “Nuts and Bolts. Seeking Feedback,” Nature 430, no. 6999 (July 29, 2004): 592; A. K. Anderson and E. A. Phelps, “Lesions of the Human Amygdala Impair Enhanced Perception of Emotionally Salient Events,” Nature 411, no. 6835 (May 17, 2001): 305–9..

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: A. K. Anderson and E. A. Phelps, “Lesions of the Human Amygdala Impair Enhanced Perception of Emotionally Salient Events,” Nature 411, no. 6835 (May 17, 2001): 305–9.
  • Three authors: Kenneth R. Koedinger, Julie L. Booth, and David Klahr, “Education Research. Instructional Complexity and the Science to Constrain It,” Science (New York, N.Y.) 342, no. 6161 (November 22, 2013): 935–37.
  • 4 or more authors: M-L Chevalier et al., “Slip-Rate Measurements on the Karakorum Fault May Imply Secular Variations in Fault Motion,” Science (New York, N.Y.) 307, no. 5708 (January 21, 2005): 411–14.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Modern History
AbbreviationJ. Mod. Hist.
ISSN (print)0022-2801
ISSN (online)1537-5358
ScopeHistory

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