How to format your references using the The Journal of Modern History citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Modern History (JMH). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bear, G. “Deep Ice and DNA Languages.” Nature 403, no. 6766 (January 13, 2000): 141.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shapiro, Ehud, and Binyamin Gil. “Cell Biology. RNA Computing in a Living Cell.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 322, no. 5900 (October 17, 2008): 387–88.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, Yu-Zhong, Zi-Gang Huang, and Ying-Cheng Lai. “Controlling Extreme Events on Complex Networks.” Scientific Reports 4 (August 18, 2014): 6121.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Laporte, Nadine T., Jared A. Stabach, Robert Grosch, Tiffany S. Lin, and Scott J. Goetz. “Expansion of Industrial Logging in Central Africa.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 316, no. 5830 (June 8, 2007): 1451.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Held, Gilbert. Virtual Private Networking. Chichester, UK, 2005.
An edited book
Jaffray, David A., ed. World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, June 7-12, 2015, Toronto, Canada. Vol. 51. IFMBE Proceedings. Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Bretos, Iñigo, and M. Lourdes Calzada. “Approaches Towards the Minimisation of Toxicity in Chemical Solution Deposition Processes of Lead-Based Ferroelectric Thin Films.” In Multifunctional Polycrystalline Ferroelectric Materials: Processing and Properties, edited by Jesús Ricote, 145–216. Springer Series in Materials Science. Dordrecht, 2011.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Modern History.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. “25 of the Most Terrifying-Looking Sea Creatures.” IFLScience. September 18, 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Critical Need for a Better System for Adjusting Top Executive, Legislative, and Judicial Salaries.” Washington, DC, February 25, 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kramer, Jeffrey A. “Accurate Localization Given Uncertain Sensors.” Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, Sophia. “T, Her Name Is Twindexane.” New York Times, March 15, 2009.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference G. Bear, “Deep Ice and DNA Languages,” Nature 403, no. 6766 (January 13, 2000): 141..
This sentence cites two references G. Bear, “Deep Ice and DNA Languages,” Nature 403, no. 6766 (January 13, 2000): 141; Ehud Shapiro and Binyamin Gil, “Cell Biology. RNA Computing in a Living Cell,” Science (New York, N.Y.) 322, no. 5900 (October 17, 2008): 387–88..

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: Ehud Shapiro and Binyamin Gil, “Cell Biology. RNA Computing in a Living Cell,” Science (New York, N.Y.) 322, no. 5900 (October 17, 2008): 387–88.
  • Three authors: Yu-Zhong Chen, Zi-Gang Huang, and Ying-Cheng Lai, “Controlling Extreme Events on Complex Networks,” Scientific Reports 4 (August 18, 2014): 6121.
  • 4 or more authors: Nadine T. Laporte et al., “Expansion of Industrial Logging in Central Africa,” Science (New York, N.Y.) 316, no. 5830 (June 8, 2007): 1451.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Modern History
AbbreviationJ. Mod. Hist.
ISSN (print)0022-2801
ISSN (online)1537-5358
ScopeHistory

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