How to format your references using the European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bonetta L. Protein-protein interactions: Real-time analysis. Nature 2010;468:854.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yoon S-J, Lee Y-W. An aligned stream of low-metallicity clusters in the halo of the Milky Way. Science 2002;297:578–81.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang P-Y, Weng J, Anderson RGW. OSBP is a cholesterol-regulated scaffolding protein in control of ERK 1/2 activation. Science 2005;307:1472–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hu Y, Yu C-Y, Wang J-L, Guan J, Chen H-Y, Fang J-Y. MicroRNA sequence polymorphisms and the risk of different types of cancer. Sci Rep 2014;4:3648.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gauthier M, Andreff N, Dombre E. Intracorporeal Robotics. Hoboken, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Liacouras CA, Markowitz JE, editors. Eosinophilic Esophagitis. 1st ed. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Kirk W, Shahzad N. Ultrametric Spaces. In: Shahzad N, editor. Fixed Point Theory in Distance Spaces, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014, p. 25–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

Blog post
Luntz S. Ant-Nest Beetles Reveal Evolution In Action. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. FCC: Rules and Policies for Local Multipoint Distribution Service and for Fixed Satellite Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schaff S. What characterizes and impacts student transformational learning in a community college work placement context. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. A New Justice, an Old Plea: More Money for the Bench. New York Times 2006:113.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
AbbreviationEur. J. Obstet. Gynecol. Reprod. Biol.
ISSN (print)0301-2115
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine

Other styles