How to format your references using the The Journal of Mathematical Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Mathematical Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Perkel JM. Annotating the scholarly web. Nature. 2015;528:153–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kofoed EM, Vance RE. Innate immune recognition of bacterial ligands by NAIPs determines inflammasome specificity. Nature. 2011;477:592–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Brose U, Williams RJ, Martinez ND. Comment on “Foraging adaptation and the relationship between food-web complexity and stability.” Science. 2003;301:918; author reply 918.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. McNerny DQ, Viswanath B, Copic D, Laye FR, Prohoda C, Brieland-Shoultz AC, et al. Direct fabrication of graphene on SiO2 enabled by thin film stress engineering. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5049.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Niles JD. Old English Literature. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1. Rothschild BM. Herpetological Osteopathology: Annotated Bibliography of Amphibians and Reptiles. Schultze H-P, Pellegrini R, editors. New York, NY: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Hernández-Salmerón M, Romero-Ávila D. Empirical Results. In: Romero-Ávila D, editor. Convergence in Output and Its Sources Among Industrialised Countries: A Cross-Country Time-Series Perspective. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 25–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Mathematical Neuroscience.

Blog post
1. Taub B. Your Cat’s Parasites Could Make You More Into Bondage [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. School District Claim to Department of Air Force. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979 Mar. Report No.: B-193864.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Jekanowski EC. District Leadership and Systemic Inclusion: A Case Study of One Inclusive and Effective School District [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Hu W. An Eyesore for 17 Years in Harlem. New York Times. 2017 Jul 16;A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Mathematical Neuroscience
AbbreviationJ. Math. Neurosci.
ISSN (online)2190-8567
ScopeNeuroscience (miscellaneous)

Other styles