How to format your references using the The Journal of Mathematical Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Mathematical Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Kennedy S. Epidemiology. Why can’t we test our way to absolute food safety? Science. 2008;322:1641–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Barrangou R, Klaenhammer TR. Microbiology: Bacteria get vaccinated. Nature. 2014;513:175–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Church GM, Gao Y, Kosuri S. Next-generation digital information storage in DNA. Science. 2012;337:1628.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Eichenfield M, Camacho R, Chan J, Vahala KJ, Painter O. A picogram- and nanometre-scale photonic-crystal optomechanical cavity. Nature. 2009;459:550–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Millon T, Grossman S. Overcoming Resistant Personality Disorders. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
1. Deng X, Du D-Z, editors. Algorithms and Computation: 16th International Symposium, ISAAC 2005, Sanya, Hainan, China, December 19-21, 2005. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. The Ziggurat Group, Myles BS. Building Social Skills Instruction for Children with Asperger Syndrome. In: DuCharme RW, Gullotta TP, editors. Asperger Syndrome: A Guide for Professionals and Families. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2013. p. 91–111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Mathematical Neuroscience.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Success Story In Hepatitis C Combination Therapy. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Improving Social Security Administration Procedures for Acquiring ADP and Telecommunications Resources. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980 Mar. Report No.: 112942.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Mills J. Catherine of Siena: No Saint Is an Island [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Burghardt LF. An Animal Sanctuary Is Under Pressure to Move. New York Times. 2006 Aug 20;14CN6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Mathematical Neuroscience
AbbreviationJ. Math. Neurosci.
ISSN (online)2190-8567
ScopeNeuroscience (miscellaneous)

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