How to format your references using the Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Cavin, L. Paleontology. On giant filter feeders. Science 327: 968–969, 2010.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ewing, RC and Macfarlane, A. Nuclear waste. Yucca Mountain. Science 296: 659–660, 2002.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Wang, K, Hu, Y, and He, J. Deformation cycles of subduction earthquakes in a viscoelastic Earth. Nature 484: 327–332, 2012.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Yoshida, K, Toyoura, K, Matsunaga, K, Nakahira, A, Kurata, H, Ikuhara, YH, et al. Atomic sites and stability of Cs+ captured within zeolitic nanocavities. Sci Rep 3: 2457, 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bi, J. Sensory Discrimination Tests and Measurements. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2015.
An edited book
1.
Liu, H, Kubota, N, Zhu, X, Dillmann, R, and Zhou, D (eds.). Intelligent Robotics and Applications: 8th International Conference, ICIRA 2015, Portsmouth, UK, August 24-27, 2015, Proceedings, Part III. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Gerasymova, K. Expressing Grammatical Meaning with Morphology: A Case Study for Russian Aspect. In: Computational Issues in Fluid Construction Grammar: A New Formalism for the Representation of Lexicons and Grammars. Steels, L, ed. . Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012. pp. 91–122

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research.

Blog post
1.
Luntz, S. White Bread Is Healthier For Some People Than Whole Grain. IFLScience. , 2017.Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/white-bread-is-healthier-for-some-people-than-whole-grain/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: FAA Management Practices for Technical Training Mostly Effective; Further Actions Could Enhance Results. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Angervil, G. Administrative Discretion in Public Policy Implementation: The Case of No Child Left Behind (NCLB). Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Walsh, MW. A Town That Backed a Failed Project Refuses to Pay. New York Times. B6, 2012.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2,4).
This sentence cites four references (2,4,6,8).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Strength and Conditioning Research
AbbreviationJ. Strength Cond. Res.
ISSN (print)1064-8011
ISSN (online)1533-4287
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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