How to format your references using the Estuaries and Coasts citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Estuaries and Coasts. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dantzer, Ben. 2015. Ecology. Mothers shape ecological communities. Science (New York, N.Y.) 347: 822–823.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aral, Sinan, and Dylan Walker. 2012. Identifying influential and susceptible members of social networks. Science (New York, N.Y.) 337: 337–341.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meyer zu Heringdorf, F. J., M. C. Reuter, and R. M. Tromp. 2001. Growth dynamics of pentacene thin films. Nature 412: 517–520.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Buckling, A., R. Kassen, G. Bell, and P. B. Rainey. 2000. Disturbance and diversity in experimental microcosms. Nature 408: 961–964.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ventre, Daniel. 2016. Information Warfare. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rello, Jordi, J. Lipman, and Thiago Lisboa, ed. 2012. Sepsis Management: PIRO and MODS. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Scott, Jill, and Esther Stoeckli. 2012. Skin And Environment. In Neuromedia: Art and Neuroscience Research, ed. Jill Scott and Esther Stoeckli, 117–144. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Estuaries and Coasts.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2016. Chimpanzees That Travel Long Distances Are More Adept Tool Users. IFLScience. IFLScience. July 19.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1979. Immigration and Naturalization Service Proposed Procurement of Automated Data Processing Equipment To Streamline and Update Office Procedures. 109955. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grace, Jamila. 2017. A Correlational Study of the Relationship Between TEAS V and Success in Licensed Practical Nursing Students. Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Conte, Linda. 2011. Scouting Report. New York Times, March 31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dantzer 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Aral and Walker 2012; Dantzer 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aral and Walker 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Buckling et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleEstuaries and Coasts
AbbreviationEstuaries Coast.
ISSN (print)1559-2723
ISSN (online)1559-2731
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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