How to format your references using the Estuaries and Coasts citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Estuaries and Coasts. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boyce, Walter. 2007. Earth monitoring: vigilance is not enough. Nature 450: 791–792.
A journal article with 2 authors
Titantah, John Tatini, and Mikko Karttunen. 2013. Water dynamics: relation between hydrogen bond bifurcations, molecular jumps, local density & hydrophobicity. Scientific reports 3: 2991.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nicastro, Fabrizio, Smita Mathur, and Martin Elvis. 2008. Missing baryons and the warm-hot intergalactic medium. Science (New York, N.Y.) 319: 55–57.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Tun, Mya Myat Ngwe, Kotaro Aoki, Masachika Senba, Corazon C. Buerano, Kenji Shirai, Ryuji Suzuki, Kouichi Morita, and Daisuke Hayasaka. 2014. Protective role of TNF-α, IL-10 and IL-2 in mice infected with the Oshima strain of Tick-borne encephalitis virus. Scientific reports 4: 5344.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
He, Jinliang, Rong Zeng, and Bo Zhang. 2012. Methodology and Technology for Power System Grounding. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Wu, Yanwen, ed. 2012. Advances in Computer, Communication, Control and Automation. Vol. 121. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ontañón, Santiago, and Enric Plaza. 2011. Empirical Argumentation: Integrating Induction and Argumentation in MAS. In Argumentation in Multi-Agent Systems: 7th International Workshop, ArgMAS 2010 Toronto, ON, Canada, May 10, 2010 Revised, Selected and Invited Papers, ed. Peter McBurney, Iyad Rahwan, and Simon Parsons, 49–67. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Estuaries and Coasts.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. Modified Antibiotic Found To Be Effective Against Drug Resistant Bacteria. IFLScience. IFLScience. September 18.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. Federal Research: Small Business Innovation Research Program Shows Success but Can Be Strengthened. T-RCED-92-45. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ravilla, Sreeveena. 2013. Correlation between diabetes and periodontitis. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, James. 2017. Leg Injury May End Season for Cespedes. New York Times, August 26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Boyce 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Boyce 2007; Titantah and Karttunen 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Titantah and Karttunen 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Tun et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEstuaries and Coasts
AbbreviationEstuaries Coast.
ISSN (print)1559-2723
ISSN (online)1559-2731
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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