How to format your references using the Estuaries and Coasts citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Estuaries and Coasts. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bromm, Volker. 2007. Astronomy. From darkness to light. Science (New York, N.Y.) 317: 1511–1512.
A journal article with 2 authors
Drake, Michael J., and Bruce M. Jakosky. 2002. Narrow horizons in astrobiology. Nature 415: 733–734.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pyenson, Nicholas D., Randall B. Irmis, and Jere H. Lipps. 2010. Comment on “Climate, critters, and cetaceans: Cenozoic drivers of the evolution of modern whales.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 330: 178; author reply 178.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Beheregaray, Luciano B., Claudio Ciofi, Dennis Geist, James P. Gibbs, Adalgisa Caccone, and Jeffrey R. Powell. 2003. Genes record a prehistoric volcano eruption in the Galápagos. Science (New York, N.Y.) 302: 75.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vanclef, Jason. 2013. The Wealth Code 2.0. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rozema, Jelte, Rien Aerts, and Hans Cornelissen, ed. 2006. Plants and Climate Change. Vol. 41. Tasks for Vegetation Science. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Bergbauer, Christoph, and Dirk Kreimer. 2009. New Algebraic Aspects of Perturbative and Non-perturbative Quantum Field Theory. In New Trends in Mathematical Physics: Selected contributions of the XVth International Congress on Mathematical Physics, ed. Vladas Sidoravičius, 45–58. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Estuaries and Coasts.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2015. What Happens When You Add A Drop Of Liquid Nitrogen To Gasoline? IFLScience. IFLScience. October 10.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Motor Vehicle Safety: NHTSA Should Resume Its Support of State Periodic Inspection Programs. RCED-90-175. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bradford, Annette. 2015. Internationalization Policy at the Genba: Exploring the Implementation of Social Science English-Taught Undergraduate Degree Programs in Three Japanese Universities. Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, Kelly. 2000. Which Fork Should You Use When Eating Your Words? New York Times, July 16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bromm 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Drake and Jakosky 2002; Bromm 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Drake and Jakosky 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Beheregaray et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleEstuaries and Coasts
AbbreviationEstuaries Coast.
ISSN (print)1559-2723
ISSN (online)1559-2731
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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