How to format your references using the Estuaries and Coasts citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Estuaries and Coasts. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Becker, Thorsten. 2010. Geophysics. Fine-scale modeling of global plate tectonics. Science (New York, N.Y.) 329: 1020–1021.
A journal article with 2 authors
McCann, Kathleen L., and Susan J. Baserga. 2013. Genetics. Mysterious ribosomopathies. Science (New York, N.Y.) 341: 849–850.
A journal article with 3 authors
Beskow, Laura M., Lauren Dame, and E. Jane Costello. 2008. Research ethics. Certificates of confidentiality and compelled disclosure of data. Science (New York, N.Y.) 322: 1054–1055.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Peng, Guangyong, Zhong Guo, Yukiko Kiniwa, Kui Shin Voo, Weiyi Peng, Tihui Fu, Daniel Y. Wang, Yanchun Li, Helen Y. Wang, and Rong-Fu Wang. 2005. Toll-like receptor 8-mediated reversal of CD4+ regulatory T cell function. Science (New York, N.Y.) 309: 1380–1384.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pascoe, Norman. 2011. Reliability Technology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ibrahim, Fatimah, Juliana Usman, Mas Sahidayana Mohktar, and Mohd Yazed Ahmad, ed. 2016. International Conference for Innovation in Biomedical Engineering and Life Sciences: ICIBEL2015, 6-8 December 2015, Putrajaya, Malaysia. 1st ed. 2016. Vol. 56. IFMBE Proceedings. Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Thomas, Eoin M., Andrey Temko, Gordon Lightbody, William P. Marnane, and Geraldine B. Boylan. 2011. Advances in Automated Neonatal Seizure Detection. In New Advances in Intelligent Signal Processing, ed. António E. Ruano and Annamária R. Várkonyi-Kóczy, 93–113. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Estuaries and Coasts.

Blog post
Evans, Katy. 2016. Pika Populations in Peril Due To Climate Change. IFLScience. IFLScience. August 26.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1976. Problems Resulting From Management Practices in Recruiting, Training, and Using Non-High-School Graduates and Category IV Personnel. FPCD-76-24. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Creason, Paul Joseph. 2015. The assessment of student learning outcomes at a California community college: Insight from faculty in a single department. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, Michael M., and John Koblin. 2017. For Fox News, Life After Bill O’Reilly Will Feature Tucker Carlson. New York Times, April 19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Becker 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Becker 2010; McCann and Baserga 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McCann and Baserga 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Peng et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEstuaries and Coasts
AbbreviationEstuaries Coast.
ISSN (print)1559-2723
ISSN (online)1559-2731
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles