How to format your references using the Estuaries and Coasts citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Estuaries and Coasts. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
van Hecke, Martin. 2007. Materials science. Shape matters. Science (New York, N.Y.) 317: 49–50.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kirchner, J. W., and A. Weil. 2000. Delayed biological recovery from extinctions throughout the fossil record. Nature 404: 177–180.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, Yongping, Gang Chen, and Chuanwei Zhang. 2013. Tunable spin-orbit coupling and quantum phase transition in a trapped Bose-Einstein condensate. Scientific reports 3: 1937.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Sheng, C-X, S. Singh, A. Gambetta, T. Drori, M. Tong, S. Tretiak, and Z. V. Vardeny. 2013. Ultrafast intersystem-crossing in platinum containing π-conjugated polymers with tunable spin-orbit coupling. Scientific reports 3: 2653.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Walkenbach, John. 2010. Excel® 2010 Power Programming with VBA. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Bisognano, John D., Ron Beck, and Ryan Connell, ed. 2012. Manual of Outpatient Cardiology. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bouw, Irene, Wei Ho, Beth Malmskog, Renate Scheidler, Padmavathi Srinivasan, and Christelle Vincent. 2016. Zeta Functions of a Class of Artin–Schreier Curves with Many Automorphisms. In Directions in Number Theory: Proceedings of the 2014 WIN3 Workshop, ed. Ellen E. Eischen, Ling Long, Rachel Pries, and Katherine E. Stange, 87–124. Association for Women in Mathematics Series. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Estuaries and Coasts.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2015. Archeologists Unearth The Gate Of An Ancient Biblical City. IFLScience. IFLScience. August 5.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Air Traffic Control: Efforts to Modernize Oceanic System Delayed. IMTEC-91-2. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilson, Bev. 2009. Scale effects and the determinants of parcel subdivision: A discrete -time hazard analysis. Doctoral dissertation, Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George. 2010. Ryan’s Gospel of Green Softens Sting of Defeat. New York Times, January 26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (van Hecke 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Kirchner and Weil 2000; van Hecke 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kirchner and Weil 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Sheng et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEstuaries and Coasts
AbbreviationEstuaries Coast.
ISSN (print)1559-2723
ISSN (online)1559-2731
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles