How to format your references using the The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries (JIDC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Mavilio F (2012) Gene therapies need new development models. Nature 490: 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Debenedetti PG, Sarupria S (2009) Chemistry. Hydrate molecular ballet. Science 326: 1070–1071.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Vasudevan S, Tong Y, Steitz JA (2007) Switching from repression to activation: microRNAs can up-regulate translation. Science 318: 1931–1934.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
1.
Celli JP, Rizvi I, Blanden AR, Massodi I, Glidden MD, et al. (2014) An imaging-based platform for high-content, quantitative evaluation of therapeutic response in 3D tumour models. Sci Rep 4: 3751.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Mitola J III (2002) Software Radio Architecture. New York, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
1.
Zeng Q-A, editor (2016) Wireless Communications, Networking and Applications: Proceedings of WCNA 2014, 1st ed. 2016. New Delhi: Springer India. XXI, 1310 p. 656 illus p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Lujak M, Billhardt H, Ossowski S (2012) On Mobile Target Allocation with Incomplete Information in Defensive Environments. In Jezic G, Kusek M, Nguyen N-T, Howlett RJ, Jain LC, editors. Agent and Multi-Agent Systems. Technologies and Applications: 6th KES International Conference, KES-AMSTA 2012,Dubrovnik, Croatia, June 25-27, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. 4–13.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries.

Blog post
1.
Davis J (2016) Man-Made Climate Change Led To Hundreds Of Heatwave Deaths In Paris. IFLScience. Available: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/manmade-climate-change-led-to-hundreds-of-heatwave-deaths-in-paris/. Accessed 30 October 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1993) Amtrak Safety: Amtrak Should Implement Minimum Safety Standards for Passenger Cars. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Lancelin DB (2017) A Phenomenological Case Study of Teacher Experiences with and Understanding of Instruction Aligned to the CCSS, and their Role in Advancing Equal Educational Opportunities for Students [Doctoral dissertation]. Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Feeney K (2007) Sublime Indian Sweets. New York Times: NJ9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
AbbreviationJ. Infect. Dev. Ctries.
ISSN (print)2036-6590
ISSN (online)1972-2680
ScopeMicrobiology
Parasitology
Virology
General Medicine
Infectious Diseases

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