How to format your references using the The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries (JIDC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Holden C (2000) ACADEMIC COMMUNITY: Institute Goes to Court to Remove Researcher. Science 290: 683b–685b.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Wood BJ, Halliday AN (2010) The lead isotopic age of the Earth can be explained by core formation alone. Nature 465: 767–770.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Watanabe Y, Farquhar J, Ohmoto H (2009) Anomalous fractionations of sulfur isotopes during thermochemical sulfate reduction. Science 324: 370–373.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
1.
Sarin KY, Cheung P, Gilison D, Lee E, Tennen RI, et al. (2005) Conditional telomerase induction causes proliferation of hair follicle stem cells. Nature 436: 1048–1052.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Ginena K, Hamid A (2015) Foundations of Sharī‘ah Governance of Islamic Banks. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
1.
Halldórsson MM, editor (2014) Structural Information and Communication Complexity: 21st International Colloquium, SIROCCO 2014, Takayama, Japan, July 23-25, 2014. Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing. XX, 372 p. 59 illus p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Hartwig G (2007) History and Applications of Nonmetallic Materials. In Timmerhaus KD, Reed RP, editors. Cryogenic Engineering. New York, NY: Springer. 84–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) We all Age at Different Speeds – and Scientists Have Worked out how to Calculate it. IFLScience. Available: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/we-all-age-different-speeds-and-scientists-have-worked-out-how-calculate-it/. Accessed 30 October 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1980) The Office of Science and Technology Policy: Adaptation to a President’s Operating Style May Conflict With Congressionally Mandated Assignments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Adrian DE (2009) School scheduling models and the achievement of at-risk students: A causal-comparative study [Doctoral dissertation]. Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
McCAIN J (2017) I Choose the Kurds. New York Times: A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
AbbreviationJ. Infect. Dev. Ctries.
ISSN (print)2036-6590
ISSN (online)1972-2680
ScopeMicrobiology
Parasitology
Virology
General Medicine
Infectious Diseases

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