How to format your references using the The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries (JIDC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Scholz BC (2002) Innateness. Nature 415: 739.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Roopnarine PD, Angielczyk KD (2015) Community stability and selective extinction during the Permian-Triassic mass extinction. Science 350: 90–93.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Gilbert IR, Jarvis PG, Smith H (2001) Proximity signal and shade avoidance differences between early and late successional trees. Nature 411: 792–795.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
1.
Kumar KA, Sano G-I, Boscardin S, Nussenzweig RS, Nussenzweig MC, et al. (2006) The circumsporozoite protein is an immunodominant protective antigen in irradiated sporozoites. Nature 444: 937–940.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Rossner W, Graubner C-A (2012) Spannbetonbauwerke. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
1.
Pearton S, editor (2012) GaN and ZnO-based Materials and Devices. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. XVIII, 486 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Raffensperger JF (2011) The Economic Value of Dietary Supplements. In Gerald JK, Watson RR, Preedy VR, editors. Nutrients, Dietary Supplements, and Nutriceuticals: Cost Analysis Versus Clinical Benefits. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press. 41–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries.

Blog post
1.
Fang J (2014) Scientists Discover Strange New Brain Cell Shape. IFLScience. Available: https://www.iflscience.com/brain/scientists-discover-strange-new-brain-cell-shape/. Accessed 30 October 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1994) Aviation Safety: FAA’s Assessment of Pre-flight Service Technology Options. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Butler-Roberts J (2017) Fashioning distinction: construction of identity through dress and photography in nineteenth-century Paris [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
(nyt) SK (2004) World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Admiral Convicted In Sub Deaths. New York Times: A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
AbbreviationJ. Infect. Dev. Ctries.
ISSN (print)2036-6590
ISSN (online)1972-2680
ScopeMicrobiology
Parasitology
Virology
General Medicine
Infectious Diseases

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