How to format your references using the Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cavalli, G., 2012. Molecular biology. EZH2 goes solo. Science 338, 1430–1431.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hensch, T.K., Stryker, M.P., 2004. Columnar architecture sculpted by GABA circuits in developing cat visual cortex. Science 303, 1678–1681.
A journal article with 3 authors
Silk, J.B., Alberts, S.C., Altmann, J., 2003. Social bonds of female baboons enhance infant survival. Science 302, 1231–1234.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Iwata, N., Sekiguchi, M., Hattori, Y., Takahashi, A., Asai, M., Ji, B., Higuchi, M., Staufenbiel, M., Muramatsu, S.-I., Saido, T.C., 2013. Global brain delivery of neprilysin gene by intravascular administration of AAV vector in mice. Sci. Rep. 3, 1472.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bartoszyǹski, R., Niewiadomska-Bugaj, M., 2007. Probability and Statistical Inference, Second Edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Frost, J., Hattke, F., Reihlen, M. (Eds.), 2016. Multi-Level Governance in Universities: Strategy, Structure, Control, Higher Education Dynamics. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Bullock, K.R., 2013. Lead Acid Battery Systems and Technology for Sustainable Energy, in: Brodd, R.J. (Ed.), Batteries for Sustainability: Selected Entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 117–134.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2017. Here’s A Bunch Of Things That Are Scientifically Proven To Make You Happy [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1978. Status of Office of Education’s National Direct Student Loan Funds at Selected Postsecondary Education Institutions (No. HRD-78-94). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Slade, M.R., 2008. The adaptive nature of organizational silence: A cybernetic exploration of the hidden factory (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B., 2017. Gook. New York Times C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cavalli, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Cavalli, 2012; Hensch and Stryker, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hensch and Stryker, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Iwata et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAgriculture, Ecosystems and Environment
AbbreviationAgric. Ecosyst. Environ.
ISSN (print)0167-8809
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Animal Science and Zoology

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