How to format your references using the Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Singh Chawla, D., 2015. “Living figures” make their debut. Nature 521, 112.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lynd, L.R., Woods, J., 2011. Perspective: A new hope for Africa. Nature 474, S20-1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sreekanth, K.V., De Luca, A., Strangi, G., 2013. Experimental demonstration of surface and bulk plasmon polaritons in hypergratings. Sci. Rep. 3, 3291.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ni, K.-K., Ospelkaus, S., de Miranda, M.H.G., Pe’er, A., Neyenhuis, B., Zirbel, J.J., Kotochigova, S., Julienne, P.S., Jin, D.S., Ye, J., 2008. A high phase-space-density gas of polar molecules. Science 322, 231–235.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gramß, T., Bornholdt, S., Groß, M., Mitchell, M., Pellizzari, T., 2005. Non-Standard Computation. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Weekes-Shackelford, V.A., Shackelford, T.K. (Eds.), 2014. Evolutionary Perspectives on Human Sexual Psychology and Behavior, Evolutionary Psychology. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Goodley, D., Swartz, L., 2016. The Place of Disability, in: Grech, S., Soldatic, K. (Eds.), Disability in the Global South: The Critical Handbook. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 69–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. Why We Need To Pay More Attention To Negative Clinical Trials [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Readiness Improving Yet Essential Actions Remain to Ensure Delivery of Critical Services (No. T-AIMD-99-268). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jackson, M.A., 2015. An action research study of collaborative relationhips between psychotherapists and medical doctors (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S., 2016. Where Warhol and Chagall Adorn the Walls. New York Times WE10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Singh Chawla, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Lynd and Woods, 2011; Singh Chawla, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lynd and Woods, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Ni et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleAgriculture, Ecosystems and Environment
AbbreviationAgric. Ecosyst. Environ.
ISSN (print)0167-8809
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Animal Science and Zoology

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