How to format your references using the Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Silk, J.B., 2014. Animal behaviour: The evolutionary roots of lethal conflict. Nature 513, 321–322.
A journal article with 2 authors
Veronin, M.A., Youan, B.-B.C., 2004. Medicine. Magic bullet gone astray: medications and the Internet. Science 305, 481.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xu, K., Cao, P., Heath, J.R., 2010. Graphene visualizes the first water adlayers on mica at ambient conditions. Science 329, 1188–1191.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gloeckler, G., Geiss, J., Schwadron, N.A., Fisk, L.A., Zurbuchen, T.H., Ipavich, F.M., von Steiger R, Balsiger, H., Wilken, B., 2000. Interception of comet Hyakutake’s ion tail at a distance of 500 million kilometres. Nature 404, 576–578.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fortey, R.A., Bruton, D.L., 2013. Lower Ordovician Trilobites of the Kirtonryggen Formation, Spitsbergen. The Lethaia Foundation, Norway.
An edited book
Katoen, J.-P., König, B. (Eds.), 2011. CONCUR 2011 – Concurrency Theory: 22nd International Conference, CONCUR 2011, Aachen, Germany, September 6-9, 2011. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Hawkins, J.N., 2016. The Predicament of the Quest for WCU Status and Seeking an Asian Flagship University, in: Douglass, J.A. (Ed.), The New Flagship University: Changing the Paradigm from Global Ranking to National Relevancy. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, pp. 115–138.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2017. Surprisingly, Bees Top The List Of Most Deadly Venomous Creatures In Australia [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2002. Department of Education: Guaranteed Student Loan Program Vulnerabilities (No. GAO-03-268R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jones, L.J., 2017. From Corbin and Hillman to Dionysos: The Partial Unveiling of Psyche’s Stage (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M., 2017. ‘Groundhog Day’ Will Close on Sept. 17. New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Silk, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Silk, 2014; Veronin and Youan, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Veronin and Youan, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Gloeckler et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleAgriculture, Ecosystems and Environment
AbbreviationAgric. Ecosyst. Environ.
ISSN (print)0167-8809
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Animal Science and Zoology

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