How to format your references using the Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marris, E., 2006. Mothers of invention? Nature 442, 973.
A journal article with 2 authors
Virshup, D.M., Kaldis, P., 2010. Cell biology. Enforcing the Greatwall in mitosis. Science 330, 1638–1639.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zimmer, J., Nam, Y., Rapoport, T.A., 2008. Structure of a complex of the ATPase SecA and the protein-translocation channel. Nature 455, 936–943.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Agrawal, A., Lingappa, J., Leppla, S.H., Agrawal, S., Jabbar, A., Quinn, C., Pulendran, B., 2003. Impairment of dendritic cells and adaptive immunity by anthrax lethal toxin. Nature 424, 329–334.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kim, Y.-H., 2010. Sound Propagation. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Han, K.J., Choi, B.-Y., Song, S. (Eds.), 2014. High Performance Cloud Auditing and Applications. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Burkhardt, C.E., Leventhal, J.J., 2008. Time-Dependent States in One Dimension, in: Leventhal, J.J. (Ed.), Foundations of Quantum Physics. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 1–29.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2016. “Lucy’s” Bones Indicate Part-Time Life In The Trees [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. U.S. Involvement at Major International Air Shows Principally Depends on Agencies’ Missions and Aerospace Companies’ Resources (No. GAO-07-1165R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Farnham, R.B., 2012. Processing and inpainting of sparse data as applied to atomic force microscopy imaging (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. DeGrom, a Mets Constant in This Season’s Rotation, Stymies the Giants. New York Times SP4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marris, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Marris, 2006; Virshup and Kaldis, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Virshup and Kaldis, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Agrawal et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAgriculture, Ecosystems and Environment
AbbreviationAgric. Ecosyst. Environ.
ISSN (print)0167-8809
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Animal Science and Zoology

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