How to format your references using the Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Siegel, J.S., 2012. Chemistry. Driving the formation of molecular knots. Science 338, 752–753.
A journal article with 2 authors
De Francesco, R., Migliaccio, G., 2005. Challenges and successes in developing new therapies for hepatitis C. Nature 436, 953–960.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ryckman, J.D., Jiao, Y., Weiss, S.M., 2013. Three-dimensional patterning and morphological control of porous nanomaterials by gray-scale direct imprinting. Sci. Rep. 3, 1502.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rubinstein, J.L., La Rocca, M., Vidale, J.E., Creager, K.C., Wech, A.G., 2008. Tidal modulation of nonvolcanic tremor. Science 319, 186–189.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
van Deventer, D.R., Imai, K., Mesler, M., 2013. Advanced Financial Risk Management, Second Edition. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd., Solaris South Tower, Singapore.
An edited book
Pohl, K., Broy, M., Daembkes, H., Hönninger, H. (Eds.), 2016. Advanced Model-Based Engineering of Embedded Systems: Extensions of the SPES 2020 Methodology. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Haissaguerre, M., 2011. Case 4, in: Natale, A., Al-Ahmad, A., Wang, P.J., DiMarco, J. (Eds.), Cardiac Electrophysiology: Clinical Case Review. Springer, London, pp. 15–18.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2015. NASA Is Looking For Your Ideas To Live Off The Land On Mars [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. Railroad Safety: Continued Emphasis Needed for an Effective Track Safety Inspection Program (No. RCED-94-56). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rahmani, M., 2017. On the calculation of time-domain impulse-response of systems from band-limited scattering-parameters using wavelet transform (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B., 2017. After Unceremonious Exit, Indian Wells Tournament Moves On. New York Times D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Siegel, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (De Francesco and Migliaccio, 2005; Siegel, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (De Francesco and Migliaccio, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Rubinstein et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleAgriculture, Ecosystems and Environment
AbbreviationAgric. Ecosyst. Environ.
ISSN (print)0167-8809
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Animal Science and Zoology

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