How to format your references using the The American Journal of Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The American Journal of Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Malissen B. Immunology. Switching off TCR signaling. Science 2003;302:1162–1163.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Straneo F, Heimbach P. North Atlantic warming and the retreat of Greenland’s outlet glaciers. Nature 2013;504:36–43.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Anderson PW, Brinkman WF, Huse DA. Thermodynamics of an incommensurate quantum crystal. Science 2005;310:1164–1166.
A journal article with 51 or more authors
1. Zhao Q, Zhou H, Chi S, Wang Y, Wang J, Geng J, Wu K, Liu W, Zhang T, Dong M-Q, Wang J, Li X, Xiao B. Structure and mechanogating mechanism of the Piezo1 channel. Nature 2018;554:487–492.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Benslama M, Kiamouche W, Batatia H. Connections Management Strategies in Satellite Cellular Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
1. Patel HD. Ingredients for Successful System Level Design Methodology. (Shukla SK, ed.). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Dixon I, Whittaker G. Streaming Media Around the Home. In: Whittaker G, ed. Entertainment Apps on the Go with Windows 10: Music, Movies, and TV for PCs, Tablets, and Phones. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2015:101–118.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The American Journal of Cardiology.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. No, The CDC Is Not Covering Up Evidence That Vaccines Cause Autism. IFLScience 2014. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/no-cdc-not-covering-evidence-vaccines-cause-autism/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Highway Trust Fund: Revenue Sources, Uses, and Spending Controls. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Li S. Semiconductor and metal oxide nanoparticles: Synthesis, physical properties and industrial application. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Rothenberg B. Crowd Lifts Frenchwoman. Now, Who Will Hoist a First Major Trophy? New York Times. June 4, 2017:D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe American Journal of Cardiology
AbbreviationAm. J. Cardiol.
ISSN (print)0002-9149
ISSN (online)1879-1913
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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