How to format your references using the The Journal of Headache and Pain citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Headache and Pain. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Alberts B (2012) H5N1. Introduction. Science 336:1521
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Winograd IJ, Roseboom EH Jr (2008) Nuclear waste. Yucca Mountain revisited. Science 320:1426–1427
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Whitmire E, Khan B, Coué M (2002) Cdc6 synthesis regulates replication competence in Xenopus oocytes. Nature 419:722–725
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Piel M, Nordberg J, Euteneuer U, Bornens M (2001) Centrosome-dependent exit of cytokinesis in animal cells. Science 291:1550–1553

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Retherford RD, Choe MK (1993) Statistical Models for Causal Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Altmann J, Rana OF (2010) Economics of Grids, Clouds, Systems, and Services: 7th International Workshop, GECON 2010, Ischia, Italy, August 31, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Zaidi F, Archambault D, Melançon G (2010) Evaluating the Quality of Clustering Algorithms Using Cluster Path Lengths. In: Perner P (ed) Advances in Data Mining. Applications and Theoretical Aspects: 10th Industrial Conference, ICDM 2010, Berlin, Germany, July 12-14, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 42–56

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Headache and Pain.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2014) What Happens To Liquid Nitrogen In A Vacuum? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2008) Highway Public-Private Partnerships: Securing Potential Benefits and Protecting the Public Interest Could Result from More Rigorous Up-front Analysis. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Leslie MS (2012) Understanding Individual Change in Practice: A Grounded Theory Study of Maternity Care Providers. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G (2011) Home-Court Edge? Roddick Takes It, Happily. New York Times D4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Headache and Pain
AbbreviationJ. Headache Pain
ISSN (print)1129-2369
ISSN (online)1129-2377
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Clinical Neurology

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