How to format your references using the The Journal of Headache and Pain citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Headache and Pain. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Eliezer D (2012) Biochemistry. Visualizing amyloid assembly. Science 336:308–309
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Gitlin AD, Nussenzweig MC (2015) Immunology: Fifty years of B lymphocytes. Nature 517:139–141
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Zhu T, Satoh T, Kato K (2014) Structural insight into substrate recognition by the endoplasmic reticulum folding-sensor enzyme: crystal structure of third thioredoxin-like domain of UDP-glucose:glycoprotein glucosyltransferase. Sci Rep 4:7322
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Turner M, Golovko VB, Vaughan OPH, et al (2008) Selective oxidation with dioxygen by gold nanoparticle catalysts derived from 55-atom clusters. Nature 454:981–983

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Feyel P (2013) Loop-shaping Robust Control. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA
An edited book
1.
Sassone V (2005) Foundations of Software Science and Computational Structures: 8th International Conference, FOSSACS 2005, Held as Part of the Joint European Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2005, Edinburgh, UK, April 4-8, 2005. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Mitsche D, Saad G, Saia J (2013) The Power of Mediation in an Extended El Farol Game. In: Vöcking B (ed) Algorithmic Game Theory: 6th International Symposium, SAGT 2013, Aachen, Germany, October 21-23, 2013. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 50–61

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Headache and Pain.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S (2014) Scientists Discover New Shape When Playing With Rubber Bands. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1980) NASA Should Provide the Congress Complete Cost Information on the Space Telescope Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Green EI (2009) Caregiver wellness: An inquiry of health risks among frontline direct caregivers of the elderly and disabled. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Craig S (2015) Despite Risks, Cuomo Bets on Solar Power to Lift Buffalo. New York Times A15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Headache and Pain
AbbreviationJ. Headache Pain
ISSN (print)1129-2369
ISSN (online)1129-2377
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Clinical Neurology

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