How to format your references using the Iranian Polymer Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Iranian Polymer Journal (Iran Polym J). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knight J (2001) Physical sciences lose ground as US shifts towards biology. Nature 412:259
A journal article with 2 authors
Wilson L, Head JW Iii (2007) An integrated model of kimberlite ascent and eruption. Nature 447:53–57
A journal article with 3 authors
Karlin S, Bergman A, Gentles AJ (2001) Genomics. Annotation of the Drosophila genome. Nature 411:259–260
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Huseynova S, Panakhova N, Orujova P, et al (2014) Elevated levels of serum sICAM-1 in asphyxiated low birth weight newborns. Sci Rep 4:6850

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Li W (2004) Risk Assessment of Power Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Chakraborti S, Dhalla NS (2016) Regulation of Membrane Na+-K+ ATPase. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
De Bonis M, Torricelli M, Petraglia F (2012) Risk Factors for Gestational Diseases. In: Buonocore G, Bracci R, Weindling M (eds) Neonatology: A Practical Approach to Neonatal Diseases. Springer, Milano, pp 21–25

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Iranian Polymer Journal.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) ESA’s Gaia Spacecraft Reveals Most Accurate Map Of The Milky Way. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Limited English Proficiency: A Growing and Costly Educational Challenge Facing Many School Districts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tanag HB (2017) Building bridges of hope after loss: A self-directed workbook for foster parents. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B (2017) Logic Streams Way To Top of Album Chart. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 1].
This sentence cites four references [1, 1, 1, 1].

About the journal

Full journal titleIranian Polymer Journal
AbbreviationIran. Polym. J.
ISSN (print)1026-1265
ISSN (online)1735-5265
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Materials Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics

Other styles