How to format your references using the The Journal of the American Dental Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of the American Dental Association. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Milani A. Astronomy. Extraterrestrial material--virtual or real hazards? Science. 2003;300(5627):1882-1883.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Kovaleva EG, Lipscomb JD. Crystal structures of Fe2+ dioxygenase superoxo, alkylperoxo, and bound product intermediates. Science. 2007;316(5823):453-457.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bigelow MS, Lepeshkin NN, Boyd RW. Superluminal and slow light propagation in a room-temperature solid. Science. 2003;301(5630):200-202.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Huang L-C, Pan X, Yang H, et al. Linking genotype to phenotype on beads: high throughput selection of peptides with biological function. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3030.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
DiMarzio JF. Beginning Android® Programming with Android Studio. Indianapolis, Indiana: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Croudace IW, Rothwell RG, eds. Micro-XRF Studies of Sediment Cores: Applications of a Non-Destructive Tool for the Environmental Sciences. Vol 17. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Weitzel U, Rosenkranz S. Randomness and the Madness of Crowds. In: Landsman K, van Wolde E, eds. The Challenge of Chance: A Multidisciplinary Approach from Science and the Humanities. The Frontiers Collection. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016:67-89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of the American Dental Association.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. Dramatic Jump Of Global Temperature In 2016 Has Shocked Scientists. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. General Government Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Harris SK. Dissecting the Disappearing Act: Discussing the Dissipation of Black Male Role Models in Black Communities. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Bilefsky D, Chan S. Dispute Over British Baby’s Fate Draws In President and Pope. New York Times. July 3, 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of the American Dental Association
AbbreviationJ. Am. Dent. Assoc.
ISSN (print)0002-8177
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

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