How to format your references using the The Journal of the American Dental Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of the American Dental Association. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Corliss J. Exercise: Powering up. Nature. 2012;485(7400):S62-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hightower M, Pierce SA. The energy challenge. Nature. 2008;452(7185):285-286.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Morens DM, Subbarao K, Taubenberger JK. Engineering H5N1 avian influenza viruses to study human adaptation. Nature. 2012;486(7403):335-340.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Hou XG, Siveter DJ, Aldridge RJ, Siveter DJ. Collective behavior in an early Cambrian arthropod. Science. 2008;322(5899):224.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Graham AW, Kirkman NC, Paul PM. Mobile Radio Network Design in the VHF and UHF Bands. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
1.
Salgueiro CA. Multiheme Cytochromes. (Dantas JM, ed.). Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Froehlich J, Larson E, Saba E, et al. A Longitudinal Study of Pressure Sensing to Infer Real-World Water Usage Events in the Home. In: Lyons K, Hightower J, Huang EM, eds. Pervasive Computing: 9th International Conference, Pervasive 2011, San Francisco, USA, June 12-15, 2011. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2011:50-69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of the American Dental Association.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. Thousands Mourn Death Of Wombat Who Lived For Cuddles. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. NASA Certification of Funds. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Murphy-Perez E. Vapor-Liquid-Solid (VLS) Grown Silica Nanowires as the Interface for Biorecognition Molecules in Biosensors. Doctoral dissertation. University of South Florida; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse L. Court Upholds Child Pornography Law, Despite Free Speech Concerns. New York Times. May 20, 2008:A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of the American Dental Association
AbbreviationJ. Am. Dent. Assoc.
ISSN (print)0002-8177
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

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