How to format your references using the The Journal of the American Dental Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of the American Dental Association. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Christensen PR. Formation of recent martian gullies through melting of extensive water-rich snow deposits. Nature. 2003;422(6927):45-48.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Christensen ST, Ott CM. Cell signaling. A ciliary signaling switch. Science. 2007;317(5836):330-331.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Cross CP, Cyrenne D-LM, Brown GR. Sex differences in sensation-seeking: a meta-analysis. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2486.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Dornan D, Wertz I, Shimizu H, et al. The ubiquitin ligase COP1 is a critical negative regulator of p53. Nature. 2004;429(6987):86-92.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Stratton JA. Electromagnetic Theory. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Kim KC, ed. Robotics in General Surgery. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Brown KW, Cordon S. Toward a Phenomenology of Mindfulness: Subjective Experience and Emotional Correlates. In: Didonna F, ed. Clinical Handbook of Mindfulness. New York, NY: Springer; 2009:59-81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of the American Dental Association.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R. Here’s What You Should Do If You Find A Baby Bird Out Of Its Nest. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/it-always-good-thing-rescue-baby-birds/. Published May 7, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Planning and Flexibility Are Key to Effectively Deploying Broadband Conduit through Federal Highway Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Reynolds PR. Midkine (MK) Regulates Pulmonary Vascular Remodeling During Hypoxia. 2004.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kenney M. Lonely in the L.P.G.A. New York Times. August 9, 2013:SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of the American Dental Association
AbbreviationJ. Am. Dent. Assoc.
ISSN (print)0002-8177
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

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