How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Services Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Services Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. P. Meier, “Diminishing diversity of signed languages,” Science, vol. 288, no. 5473, p. 1965b, Jun. 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
K. C. Hwang and A. Sagadevan, “One-pot room-temperature conversion of cyclohexane to adipic acid by ozone and UV light,” Science, vol. 346, no. 6216, pp. 1495–1498, Dec. 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
R. Bryk, P. Griffin, and C. Nathan, “Peroxynitrite reductase activity of bacterial peroxiredoxins,” Nature, vol. 407, no. 6801, pp. 211–215, Sep. 2000.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
E. Smakowska-Luzan et al., “An extracellular network of Arabidopsis leucine-rich repeat receptor kinases,” Nature, vol. 553, no. 7688, pp. 342–346, Jan. 2018.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Stacey, Aeronautical Radio Communication Systems and Networks. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2008.
An edited book
A. Ramos, Ed., Electrokinetics and Electrohydrodynamics in Microsystems, vol. 530. Vienna: Springer, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Yuksel and T. Olmez, “Filter Bank Common Spatio-Spectral Patterns for Motor Imagery Classification,” in Information Technology in Bio- and Medical Informatics: 7th International Conference, ITBAM 2016, Porto, Portugal, September 5-8, 2016, Proceedings, M. E. Renda, M. Bursa, A. Holzinger, and S. Khuri, Eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp. 69–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Services Computing.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Antidepressant Trial’s Upended Results Show Need For Sharing All Data,” IFLScience, 17-Sep-2015. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Activities of the National Institute of Education, Department of Health, Education, and Welfare,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, B-164031(1), Jul. 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
G. M. Valencia, “A Phenomenological Study of Adults Earning a Graduate Degree after Age 60,” Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
C. Capecchi and T. Williams, “Helicopter Crash Victims Named,” New York Times, p. A13, 12-Aug-2011.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Services Computing
ISSN (print)1939-1374
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Computer Science Applications
Hardware and Architecture
Information Systems and Management

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