How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Services Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Services Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. F. Dovidio, “Psychology. Racial bias, unspoken but heard,” Science, vol. 326, no. 5960, pp. 1641–1642, Dec. 2009.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Misra and P. N. Froelich, “Lithium isotope history of Cenozoic seawater: changes in silicate weathering and reverse weathering,” Science, vol. 335, no. 6070, pp. 818–823, Feb. 2012.
A journal article with 3 authors
W. Hong, T. J. Mosca, and L. Luo, “Teneurins instruct synaptic partner matching in an olfactory map,” Nature, vol. 484, no. 7393, pp. 201–207, Mar. 2012.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H. Qi, J. L. Cannons, F. Klauschen, P. L. Schwartzberg, and R. N. Germain, “SAP-controlled T-B cell interactions underlie germinal centre formation,” Nature, vol. 455, no. 7214, pp. 764–769, Oct. 2008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. A. Schwartz, M. G. Carew, and T. Maksimenko, Micro Markets. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
M. Fortis, The Automatic Packaging Machinery Sector in Italy and Germany. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
H. J. Jang, S. W. Park, and J. Kwag, “Current Trends in Memory Implantation and Rehabilitation,” in Recent Progress in Brain and Cognitive Engineering, S.-W. Lee, H. H. Bülthoff, and K.-R. Müller, Eds. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2015, pp. 63–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Services Computing.

Blog post
J. Davis, “Men Conceived Using IVF Have Increased Risk Of Fertility Problems,” IFLScience, Oct. 07, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Fiscal Year 2007 Performance Plans,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-07-146SP, Oct. 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. P. Mustico, “Perception and preference comparison of managers’ behaviors on sales and non -sales employees: A case study,” Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, “For U.S. Soccer And Bradley, Staying Put Is Right Move,” New York Times, p. B11, Sep. 01, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Services Computing
ISSN (print)1939-1374
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Computer Science Applications
Hardware and Architecture
Information Systems and Management

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