How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Services Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Services Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Riordan, “The suspense of strangeness,” Nature, vol. 409, no. 6819, p. 457, Jan. 2001.
A journal article with 2 authors
C. Hidalgo and P. Donoso, “Cell signaling. Getting to the heart of mechanotransduction,” Science, vol. 333, no. 6048, pp. 1388–1390, Sep. 2011.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. W. Reiner, F. J. Walker, and C. H. Ahn, “Materials science. Atomically engineered oxide interfaces,” Science, vol. 323, no. 5917, pp. 1018–1019, Feb. 2009.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Chambouvet, P. Morin, D. Marie, and L. Guillou, “Control of toxic marine dinoflagellate blooms by serial parasitic killers,” Science, vol. 322, no. 5905, pp. 1254–1257, Nov. 2008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.-H. Woo, J.-H. Sohn, B.-G. Nam, and H.-J. Yoo, Mobile 3D Graphics SoC. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2010.
An edited book
J. Liu, J. Wu, Y. Yao, and T. Nishida, Eds., Active Media Technology: 5th International Conference, AMT 2009, Beijing, China, October 22-24, 2009. Proceedings, vol. 5820. in Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 5820. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Agarwal, A. Srivastava, and S. Kumar, “Urban Health in Developing Countries,” in Perspectives of Knowledge Management in Urban Health, M. C. Gibbons, R. Bali, and N. Wickramasinghe, Eds., New York, NY: Springer, 2010, pp. 61–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Services Computing.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, “Ion Engine Breakthrough Could Take Us To Mars At A Fraction Of The Fuel,” IFLScience, Oct. 28, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Bureau of Indian Affairs: Distribution of Fiscal Year 2000 Indian Reservation Roads Funds,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, OGC-00-26, Mar. 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. Chambers, “Telecommunications megamergers: Impact on employee morale and turnover intention,” Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
C. J. CHIVERS; Sophia Kishkovsky contributed reporting from Moscow for this article, “Local Rebels Said to Join in Chechen Group’s Raids Across Border,” New York Times, p. A7, Jun. 24, 2004.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Services Computing
ISSN (print)1939-1374
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Computer Science Applications
Hardware and Architecture
Information Systems and Management

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