How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Services Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Services Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
B. Bensaude-Vincent, “Chemical analysis,” Nature, vol. 410, no. 6827, p. 415, Mar. 2001.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Li and J. Wang, “A compact trench-assisted multi-orbital-angular-momentum multi-ring fiber for ultrahigh-density space-division multiplexing (19 rings × 22 modes),” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 3853, Jan. 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
D. Coumou, J. Lehmann, and J. Beckmann, “Climate change. The weakening summer circulation in the Northern Hemisphere mid-latitudes,” Science, vol. 348, no. 6232, pp. 324–327, Apr. 2015.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
N. Zhang, X. Wang, Z. Ye, and Y. Jin, “A quantitative study of chemical kinetics for the synthesis of doped oxide nanocrystals using FTIR,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 4353, Mar. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. M. Bragg, Controllership. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2009.
An edited book
P. Nyhuis, Fundamentals of Production Logistics: Theory, Tools and Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
C. J. May, K. Johnson, and J. R. Weyker, “Experimental Approaches to Loving-Kindness Meditation and Mindfulness That Bridge the Gap Between Clinicians and Researchers,” in Mindfulness and Buddhist-Derived Approaches in Mental Health and Addiction, E. Shonin, W. V. Gordon, and M. D. Griffiths, Eds., Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp. 85–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Services Computing.

Blog post
J. Davis, “The Last 12-Month Period Was The Hottest For The Ninth Time In A Row,” IFLScience. Accessed: Oct. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “College Debit Cards: Actions Needed to Address ATM Access, Student Choice, and Transparency,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-14-91, Feb. 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Tse, “An explication of the Hilbert basis theorem and its relation to school mathematics,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Schwartz, “High-Stakes Test for Carbon Capture,” New York Times, p. D1, Jan. 02, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Services Computing
ISSN (print)1939-1374
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Computer Science Applications
Hardware and Architecture
Information Systems and Management

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