How to format your references using the The Journal of Geometric Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Geometric Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Levitin, C.: New Russian science head named. Nature. 405, 601 (2000)
A journal article with 2 authors
Okamoto, S., Millis, A.J.: Electronic reconstruction at an interface between a Mott insulator and a band insulator. Nature. 428, 630–633 (2004)
A journal article with 3 authors
Ur, J.A., Karsgaard, P., Oates, J.: Early urban development in the Near East. Science. 317, 1188 (2007)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Green, J.L., Holmes, A.J., Westoby, M., Oliver, I., Briscoe, D., Dangerfield, M., Gillings, M., Beattie, A.J.: Spatial scaling of microbial eukaryote diversity. Nature. 432, 747–750 (2004)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brauer, R.L.: Safety and Health for Engineers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2005)
An edited book
Schultz, C. ed: Defects of Secretion in Cystic Fibrosis. Springer US, Boston, MA (2005)
A chapter in an edited book
Kagen, L.J.: Inclusion Body Myositis. In: Kagen, L.J. (ed.) The Inflammatory Myopathies. pp. 87–94. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ (2009)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Geometric Analysis.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: New Stage in Cycle of Galaxies,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Telecommunications: Issues in Providing Cable and Satellite Television Services. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2002)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harvey, T.N.: Effects of low pass filtered input on adult non-lexical intonation in second language acquisition, (2016)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W.: Puerto Rico Passes Bill Allowing It to Declare a Moratorium on Its Debt, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Geometric Analysis
AbbreviationJ. Geom. Anal.
ISSN (print)1050-6926
ISSN (online)1559-002X
ScopeGeometry and Topology

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