How to format your references using the The Journal of Geometric Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Geometric Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hallonsten, O.: Europe needs fresh focus on big-science projects. Nature. 518, 275 (2015)
A journal article with 2 authors
Hurtley, S.M., Pennisi, E.: Journey to the center of the cell. Introduction to special issue. Science. 318, 1399 (2007)
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, T.T., Parides, M.K., Palese, P.: Seroevidence for H5N1 influenza infections in humans: meta-analysis. Science. 335, 1463 (2012)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sudmant, P.H., Kitzman, J.O., Antonacci, F., Alkan, C., Malig, M., Tsalenko, A., Sampas, N., Bruhn, L., Shendure, J., 1000 Genomes Project, Eichler, E.E.: Diversity of human copy number variation and multicopy genes. Science. 330, 641–646 (2010)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lu, M.: Arithmetic and Logic in Computer Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2005)
An edited book
Wikander, L., Gustafsson, C., Riis, U. eds: Enlightenment, Creativity and Education: Polities, Politics, Performances. SensePublishers, Rotterdam (2012)
A chapter in an edited book
Rajamannan, N.M., Park, J., Antonini-Canterin, F.: Development of an Experimental Model of Mitral Valve Regurgitation via Hypertrophic Chondrocytes. In: Rajamannan, N.M. (ed.) Molecular Biology of Valvular Heart Disease. pp. 35–40. Springer, London (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Geometric Analysis.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Mechanisms Contributing To The Rare Ability To Control HIV Infection Found,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Mass Transit: Status of New Starts Transit Projects With Full Funding Grant Agreements. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1999)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Soma, V.M.: A particle filter methodology for salient object detection in videos, (2016)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., Corkery, M., Davis, J.H.: White House Will Offer Plan to Help Puerto Rico, (2015)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Geometric Analysis
AbbreviationJ. Geom. Anal.
ISSN (print)1050-6926
ISSN (online)1559-002X
ScopeGeometry and Topology

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