How to format your references using the Operative Dentistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Operative Dentistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chicurel M (2002) Bioinformatics: bringing it all together Nature 419(6908) 751, 753, 755 passim.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mohd-Sarip A, & Verrijzer CP (2004) Molecular biology. A higher order of silence Science 306(5701) 1484–1485.
A journal article with 3 authors
Oliveira G de A, Lieberman J, & Barillas-Mury C (2012) Epithelial nitration by a peroxidase/NOX5 system mediates mosquito antiplasmodial immunity Science 335(6070) 856–859.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kumar PR, Yu Y, Sternglanz R, Johnston SA, & Joshua-Tor L (2008) NADP regulates the yeast GAL induction system Science 319(5866) 1090–1092.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alberts B, Johnson A, Lewis J, Morgan D, Raff M, Roberts K, & Walter P (2017) Molekularbiologie der Zelle Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Burkhardt CE (2008) Foundations of Quantum Physics Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Graff S, & Piety T (2013) The New First Amendment and Its Implications for Combating Obesity Through Regulation of Advertising In: Williams JD, Pasch KE, & Collins CA (eds) Advances in Communication Research to Reduce Childhood Obesity Springer, New York, NY 101–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Operative Dentistry.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) Shiny Metal Meteorite Spotted By Curiosity On Mars IFLScience. Retrieved online October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Intercity Passenger Rail: Issues Associated With a Possible Amtrak Liquidation U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramirez C (2017) A Policy Analysis: Assembly Bill 1421 or Laura’s Law Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kamensky J (2017) Red, White, Black and Blue New York Times BR27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1, 2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleOperative Dentistry
AbbreviationOper. Dent.
ISSN (print)0361-7734
ISSN (online)1559-2863
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

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