How to format your references using the Operative Dentistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Operative Dentistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Krammer PH (2000) CD95’s deadly mission in the immune system Nature 407(6805) 789–795.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Kriaucionis S, & Heintz N (2009) The nuclear DNA base 5-hydroxymethylcytosine is present in Purkinje neurons and the brain Science 324(5929) 929–930.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Forde SE, Thompson JN, & Bohannan BJM (2004) Adaptation varies through space and time in a coevolving host-parasitoid interaction Nature 431(7010) 841–844.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Goldberg M, Stucki M, Falck J, D’Amours D, Rahman D, Pappin D, Bartek J, & Jackson SP (2003) MDC1 is required for the intra-S-phase DNA damage checkpoint Nature 421(6926) 952–956.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Chappell D (2008) The JCT Design and Build Contract 2005 Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
1.
Benferhat S, & Grant J (eds) (2011) Scalable Uncertainty Management: 5th International Conference, SUM 2011, Dayton, OH, USA, October 10-13, 2011. Proceedings Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Frambach HA (2015) What Remains of Humboldt at Times of the Bologna Reform? In: Backhaus JG (ed) The University According to Humboldt: History, Policy, and Future Possibilities Springer International Publishing, Cham 39–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Operative Dentistry.

Blog post
1.
Fang J (2014) The Closest Hypervelocity Star Ever Seen IFLScience. Retrieved online October 30, 2018 from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/closest-hypervelocity-star-ever-seen/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1986) Legislative Developments U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Le CT (2013) Academic performance of college students as related to depression from stress Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Walsh MW (2014) No Smoke, No Mirrors: The Dutch Pension Plan New York Times BU1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1, 2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleOperative Dentistry
AbbreviationOper. Dent.
ISSN (print)0361-7734
ISSN (online)1559-2863
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

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