How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Soloveichik, G.L. 2014. Electrochemistry: Metal-free energy storage. Nature 505(7482): 163–165.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gaensler, B.M., and Frail, D.A. 2000. A large age for the pulsar B1757-24 from an upper limit on its proper motion. Nature 406(6792): 158–160.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ramu, Y., Xu, Y., and Lu, Z. 2006. Enzymatic activation of voltage-gated potassium channels. Nature 442(7103): 696–699.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ghosh, M., Song, X., Mouneimne, G., Sidani, M., Lawrence, D.S., and Condeelis, J.S. 2004. Cofilin promotes actin polymerization and defines the direction of cell motility. Science 304(5671): 743–746.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chateigner, D. 2013. Combined Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Zhang, X., Sun, M., Wang, Z., and Huang, X. (Editors). 2015. Social Media Processing: 4th National Conference, SMP 2015, Guangzhou, China, November 16-17, 2015, Proceedings. Springer, Singapore.
A chapter in an edited book
Shayler, D.J., and Harland, D.M. 2016. Simulating servicing. In The Hubble Space Telescope: From Concept to Success. Edited by D.M. Harland. Springer, New York, NY. pp. 190–245.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences.

Blog post
Davis, J. 2015, August 20. According To New Study, A Blood Test Could Predict Suicide Risk. IFLScience. Available from [accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2015. Internet Protocol Transition: FCC Should Strengthen Its Data Collection Efforts to Assess the Transition’s Effects. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Park, J.K. 2012. Target Identification, Therapeutic Application and Maturation Mechanism of microRNAs. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. 2012, October 14. Linking History and Fortunes of a City and a Team. New York Times: A29B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Soloveichik 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Gaensler and Frail 2000; Soloveichik 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gaensler and Frail 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Ghosh et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
AbbreviationCan. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci.
ISSN (print)0706-652X
ISSN (online)1205-7533
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles