How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Savage, N. 2015. Mobile data: Made to measure. Nature 527(7576): S12-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zanetti, M., and Mahadevan, N.R. 2012. Cancer. Immune surveillance from chromosomal chaos? Science 337(6102): 1616–1617.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bormashenko, E., Musin, A., and Grynyov, R. 2014. Scaling law governing the roughness of the swash edge line. Sci. Rep. 4: 6243.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Homma, T., Ishibashi, D., Nakagaki, T., Satoh, K., Sano, K., Atarashi, R., and Nishida, N. 2014. Increased expression of p62/SQSTM1 in prion diseases and its association with pathogenic prion protein. Sci. Rep. 4: 4504.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eidhammer, I., Barsnes, H., Eide, G.E., and Martens, L. 2013. Computational and Statistical Methods for Protein Quantification by Mass Spectrometry. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Cachin, C. 2011. Introduction to Reliable and Secure Distributed Programming. In 2nd edition. Edited ByR. Guerraoui and L. Rodrigues. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Yanguas-Gil, A., and Wormeester, H. 2013. Relationship Between Surface Morphology and Effective Medium Roughness. In Ellipsometry at the Nanoscale. Edited by M. Losurdo and K. Hingerl. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. pp. 179–202.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences.

Blog post
Luntz, S. 2016, October 25. Oldest Planetary Disk Discovered With Help From Citizen Scientists. IFLScience. Available from [accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1975. Improved Planning and Management of Information Systems Development Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Buckley, M. 2009. Weaving Into the Glimmer. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. 1992, June 6. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Third-Party Candidate; Perot’s Vision: Consensus by Computer. New York Times: 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Savage 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Zanetti and Mahadevan 2012; Savage 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zanetti and Mahadevan 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Homma et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
AbbreviationCan. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci.
ISSN (print)0706-652X
ISSN (online)1205-7533
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles