How to format your references using the Current Fungal Infection Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Fungal Infection Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Normile D. AGRICULTURE: Variety Spices Up Chinese Rice Yields. Science. 2000;289:1122b–3b.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Barber MF, Elde NC. Nutritional immunity. Escape from bacterial iron piracy through rapid evolution of transferrin. Science. 2014;346:1362–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Kao MH, Doupe AJ, Brainard MS. Contributions of an avian basal ganglia-forebrain circuit to real-time modulation of song. Nature. 2005;433:638–43.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Chen L-Q, Hou B-H, Lalonde S, Takanaga H, Hartung ML, Qu X-Q, et al. Sugar transporters for intercellular exchange and nutrition of pathogens. Nature. 2010;468:527–32.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Heitz E, Kreysa G. Grundlagen der Technischen Elektrochemie. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
1. Lewis CLS, Riley D, editors. X-Ray Lasers 2008. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Broersen J. A stit Logic Analysis of Morally Lucky and Legally Lucky Action Outcomes. In: Müller T, editor. Nuel Belnap on Indeterminism and Free Action. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 75–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Fungal Infection Reports.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. Titan’s Seas Are Made Of Pure Methane [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Transportation Infrastructure: Information on Bridge Conditions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015 Oct. Report No.: GAO-16-72R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Gobas M. Affiliate users policy: Solution to multiple ball field users in the city of Artesia [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly C. Maybe Animals Just Need Quality Time With Friends. New York Times. 2013 Jul 28;A23B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Fungal Infection Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Fungal Infect. Rep.
ISSN (print)1936-3761
ISSN (online)1936-377X
ScopeInfectious Diseases

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