How to format your references using the The Journal of General Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of General Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mellars, P. 2004. Neanderthals and the modern human colonization of Europe. Nature. 432:461–465.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vaquero-Sedas, M.I., and M.A. Vega-Palas. 2014. Determination of Arabidopsis thaliana telomere length by PCR. Sci. Rep. 4:5540.
A journal article with 3 authors
Villeneuve, J., M. Chaussidon, and G. Libourel. 2009. Homogeneous distribution of 26Al in the solar system from the Mg isotopic composition of chondrules. Science. 325:985–988.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Kröger, N., S. Lorenz, E. Brunner, and M. Sumper. 2002. Self-assembly of highly phosphorylated silaffins and their function in biosilica morphogenesis. Science. 298:584–586.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Giesbrecht, F.G., and M.L. Gumpertz. 2005. Planning, Construction, and Statistical Analysis of Comparative Experiments: Giesbrecht/Comparative Experiments. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Tanumihardjo, S.A. ed. . 2013. Carotenoids and Human Health. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ. XXIII, 331 p. 58 illus., 30 illus. in color pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Nussbaum, N.L., and K.N. Shepard. 2009. Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. In The Neuropsychology of Women. E. Fletcher-Janzen, editor. Springer, New York, NY. 1–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of General Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. How Fasting Might Make Our Cells More Resilient To Stress. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2004. Commercial Aviation: Legacy Airlines Must Further Reduce Costs to Restore Profitability. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Linsenmeyer, J.P. 2017. A Nice Place to Live and Work: A Mixed-Methods Case Study of a Residential Life Living-Learning Community and Employment Model at a Top-Tier Midwestern University. Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feuer, A. 2015. A Campaign to Preserve the Ordinary. New York Times. MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mellars, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Mellars, 2004; Vaquero-Sedas and Vega-Palas, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vaquero-Sedas and Vega-Palas, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Kröger et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of General Physiology
AbbreviationJ. Gen. Physiol.
ISSN (print)0022-1295
ISSN (online)1540-7748

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