How to format your references using the Agronomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Agronomy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baselga, J. Targeting tyrosine kinases in cancer: the second wave. Science 2006, 312, 1175–1178.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brewer, P.G.; Peltzer, E.T. OCEANS. Limits to marine life. Science 2009, 324, 347–348.
A journal article with 3 authors
Prieto, M.A.; Brunetti, G.; Mack, K.-H. Particle accelerators in the hot spots of radio galaxy 3C 445, imaged with the VLT. Science 2002, 298, 193–195.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cassidy, C.; Singh, V.; Grammatikopoulos, P.; Djurabekova, F.; Nordlund, K.; Sowwan, M. Inoculation of silicon nanoparticles with silver atoms. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 3083.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vona, L.W. Fraud Data Analytics Methodology; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2017; ISBN 9781119270331.
An edited book
Angiogenesis: An Integrative Approach From Science to Medicine; Figg, W.D., Folkman, J., Eds.; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2008; ISBN 9780387715179.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, X.C.; Zhang, C.; Ma, X.; Luo, L. Future Perspectives. In Water Cycle Management: A New Paradigm of Wastewater Reuse and Safety Control; Zhang, C., Ma, X., Luo, L., Eds.; SpringerBriefs in Water Science and Technology; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2015; pp. 95–98 ISBN 9783662458204.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Agronomy.

Blog post
Luntz, S. Jupiter and Venus to Align Early Monday Morning Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Highway Infrastructure: FHWA’s Model for Estimating Highway Needs Has Been Modified for State-Level Planning; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2001;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ehsani, S. Design of a Teleoperation – Based Robotic Surgical System. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University: Edwardsville, IL, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. Canvases So Big They Are Seldom Seen. New York Times 2015, WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAgronomy
AbbreviationAgronomy (Basel)
ISSN (online)2073-4395

Other styles