How to format your references using the Journal of Evolutionary Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Evolutionary Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nicolelis MA (2001) Actions from thoughts. Nature 409:403–407
A journal article with 2 authors
Field CB, Barros VR (2015) CLIMATE CHANGE. Added value from IPCC approval sessions. Science 350:36
A journal article with 3 authors
Chklovskii DB, Mel BW, Svoboda K (2004) Cortical rewiring and information storage. Nature 431:782–788
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Li X, An L, Chen X, et al (2013) Durability enhancement of intermetallics electrocatalysts via N-anchor effect for fuel cells. Sci Rep 3:3234

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Waxman AB (2017) Rogues of Wall Street. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Meyer G, Beiker S (eds) (2015) Road Vehicle Automation 2. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Bušić A, Pekergin N (2007) Closed Form Absorption Time Bounds. In: Wolter K (ed) Formal Methods and Stochastic Models for Performance Evaluation: Fourth European Performance Engineering Workshop, EPEW 2007, Berlin, Germany, September 27-28, 2007. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 33–47

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Evolutionary Economics.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Almost 6,000 Years Of Civilization Are Shown In This Interactive Map. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Railroad Safety: New Approach Needed for Effective FRA Safety Inspection Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fang L (2015) Do media help deter financial misreporting? Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK (2005) World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Children Now As Deprived As After War. New York Times A10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nicolelis 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Nicolelis 2001; Field and Barros 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Field and Barros 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Evolutionary Economics
AbbreviationJ. Evol. Econ.
ISSN (print)0936-9937
ISSN (online)1432-1386
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Economics and Econometrics

Other styles