How to format your references using the The Journal of Economic Asymmetries citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Economic Asymmetries. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Freeman, K. C. (2003). Astronomy. The hunt for dark matter in galaxies. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5652), 1902–1903.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lundeberg, M. B., & Folk, J. A. (2014). Physics. Harnessing chirality for valleytronics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6208), 422–423.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kleckner, N., Zickler, D., & Witz, G. (2013). Molecular biology. Chromosome capture brings it all together. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6161), 940–941.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Fadil, A., Iida, D., Chen, Y., Ma, J., Ou, Y., Petersen, P. M., & Ou, H. (2014). Surface plasmon coupling dynamics in InGaN/GaN quantum-well structures and radiative efficiency improvement. Scientific Reports, 4, 6392.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baudin, P. (2014). Wireless Transceiver Architecture. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Gołębiowski, L., & Mazur, D. (Eds.). (2015). Analysis and Simulation of Electrical and Computer Systems (Vol. 324). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Capelotti, P. J. (2015). Mobile Artifacts in the Solar System and Beyond. In B. L. O’Leary & P. J. Capelotti (Eds.), Archaeology and Heritage of the Human Movement into Space (pp. 49–59). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Economic Asymmetries.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, June 28). This LA Skyscraper Now Features A 300-Meter-High Glass Slide. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). School Bullying: Legal Protections for Vulnerable Youth Need to Be More Fully Assessed (GAO-12-785T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kingsley, S. J. (2012). Preschool teachers’ perceptions of factors influencing their referral decisions for young children with severe behavior problems [Doctoral dissertation]. University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sasse, B. (2017, July 28). Put Your Kids to Work. New York Times, SR7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Freeman, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Freeman, 2003; Lundeberg & Folk, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lundeberg & Folk, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Kleckner et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Fadil et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Economic Asymmetries
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Asymmetries
ISSN (print)1703-4949
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance

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