How to format your references using the The Journal of Economic Asymmetries citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Economic Asymmetries. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rokas, A. (2006). Genomics. Genomics and the tree of life. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5795), 1897–1899.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anfinrud, P., & Schotte, F. (2005). Chemistry. X-ray fingerprinting of chemical intermediates in solution. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5738), 1192–1193.
A journal article with 3 authors
Laliberté, E., Zemunik, G., & Turner, B. L. (2014). Environmental filtering explains variation in plant diversity along resource gradients. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6204), 1602–1605.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Balthrop, J., Forrest, S., Newman, M. E. J., & Williamson, M. M. (2004). Computer science. Technological networks and the spread of computer viruses. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5670), 527–529.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mashadi, B., & Crolla, D. (2012). Vehicle Powertrain Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kuznetsov, S. O., & Schmidt, S. (Eds.). (2007). Formal Concept Analysis: 5th International Conference, ICFCA 2007, Clermont-Ferrand, France, February 12-16, 2007. Proceedings (Vol. 4390). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lynch, D. E. (2009). ISO and the International Standardization of Adult Education. In G. I. E. Strohschen (Ed.), Handbook of Blended Shore Education: Adult Program Development and Delivery (pp. 63–70). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Economic Asymmetries.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, May 30). Galaxies Lose A Third Of Their Mass When They Join A Group. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Revisions to OMB’s Circular A-130 (AIMD-00-183R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brandom, B. M. (2009). Spiritual and emotional needs of young adults who are members of mainstream Protestant churches [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rich, N. (2012, March 21). Jungleland. New York Times, MM32.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rokas, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Anfinrud & Schotte, 2005; Rokas, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anfinrud & Schotte, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Laliberté et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Balthrop et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Economic Asymmetries
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Asymmetries
ISSN (print)1703-4949
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance

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