How to format your references using the The Journal of Economic Asymmetries citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Economic Asymmetries. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Odling-Smee, L. (2007). Biofuels bandwagon hits a rut. Nature, 446(7135), 483.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rice, C. M., & Saeed, M. (2014). Hepatitis C: Treatment triumphs. Nature, 510(7503), 43–44.
A journal article with 3 authors
Navarrete, A., van Schaik, C. P., & Isler, K. (2011). Energetics and the evolution of human brain size. Nature, 480(7375), 91–93.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chen, T., Wang, J., Li, C., Zhang, W., Zhang, L., An, L., Pang, T., Shi, X., & Liao, H. (2014). Nafamostat mesilate attenuates neuronal damage in a rat model of transient focal cerebral ischemia through thrombin inhibition. Scientific Reports, 4, 5531.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Allman, K., & Nogales, X. E. D. (2015). Impact Investment. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hougardy, S. (2016). Algorithmic Mathematics (J. Vygen, Ed.). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Messie, D., & Oh, J. C. (2006). SWARMs of Self-Organizing Polymorphic Agents. In N. Nedjah & L. de M. Mourelle (Eds.), Swarm Intelligent Systems (pp. 75–90). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Economic Asymmetries.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 1). Scientists Create Holograms that you can Touch. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). NASA 5-Year Planning (NSIAD-92-155R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Manzanares, M. E. (2012). Effect of a preoperative multidisciplinary education program on weight management after bariatric surgery [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, March 13). Security in Stands Is Criticized After Clash. New York Times, D7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Odling-Smee, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Odling-Smee, 2007; Rice & Saeed, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rice & Saeed, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Navarrete et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chen et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Economic Asymmetries
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Asymmetries
ISSN (print)1703-4949
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance

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