How to format your references using the The Journal of Economic Asymmetries citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Economic Asymmetries. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stella, N. (2011). Cell biology. Anatomy of prostaglandin signals. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6057), 768–769.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weissleder, R., & Pittet, M. J. (2008). Imaging in the era of molecular oncology. Nature, 452(7187), 580–589.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weisz, C., Glowatzki, E., & Fuchs, P. (2009). The postsynaptic function of type II cochlear afferents. Nature, 461(7267), 1126–1129.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hayashi, F., Smith, K. D., Ozinsky, A., Hawn, T. R., Yi, E. C., Goodlett, D. R., Eng, J. K., Akira, S., Underhill, D. M., & Aderem, A. (2001). The innate immune response to bacterial flagellin is mediated by Toll-like receptor 5. Nature, 410(6832), 1099–1103.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Frank, W. L., & Whittle, D. K. (2010). Revalidating Process Hazard Analyses. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
D’Onofrio, M. (Ed.). (2012). Ultrasonography of the Pancreas: Imaging and Pathologic Correlations. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
François, D., Pineau, A., & Zaoui, A. (2012). Viscoelasticity. In A. Pineau & A. Zaoui (Eds.), Mechanical Behaviour of Materials: Volume 1: Micro- and Macroscopic Constitutive Behaviour (pp. 445–505). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Economic Asymmetries.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, July 7). How Malaria Species Combine To Make Infections Worse. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). New Denver Airport: Safety, Construction, Capacity, and Financing Considerations (RCED-91-240). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garibay, O. (2017). Towards a hybrid approach to mariachi education - Bridging the gap between formal and informal transmission of musical culture [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2007, April 20). Adjudging a Moral Harm To Women From Abortions. New York Times, A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stella, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Stella, 2011; Weissleder & Pittet, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Weissleder & Pittet, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Weisz et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hayashi et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Economic Asymmetries
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Asymmetries
ISSN (print)1703-4949
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance

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