How to format your references using the The Journal of Economic Asymmetries citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Economic Asymmetries. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Powell, K. (2004). The yeast is rising. Nature, 429(6988), 224–225.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gano, S., & Kinzler, R. (2011). SPORE series winner. Bringing the museum into the classroom. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6020), 1028–1029.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moreno, E., Basler, K., & Morata, G. (2002). Cells compete for decapentaplegic survival factor to prevent apoptosis in Drosophila wing development. Nature, 416(6882), 755–759.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Beheregaray, L. B., Ciofi, C., Geist, D., Gibbs, J. P., Caccone, A., & Powell, J. R. (2003). Genes record a prehistoric volcano eruption in the Galápagos. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5642), 75.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Levy, G., & Levin, B. (2014). The Biostatistics of Aging. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Priami, C., Merelli, E., Gonzalez, P., & Omicini, A. (Eds.). (2005). Transactions on Computational Systems Biology III (Vol. 3737). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kokilashvili, V., Meskhi, A., Rafeiro, H., & Samko, S. (2016). One-sided Operators. In A. Meskhi, H. Rafeiro, & S. Samko (Eds.), Integral Operators in Non-Standard Function Spaces: Volume 1: Variable Exponent Lebesgue and Amalgam Spaces (pp. 297–354). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Economic Asymmetries.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 8). New Prion Disease Raises Questions About Whether Alzheimer’s And Parkinson’s Could Be Infectious. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Space Shuttle: NASA Must Reduce Costs Further to Operate Within Future Projected Funds (No. NSIAD-95-118). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cao, L. (2015). A Field-Scale Simulation of the Reversible Nanoparticle Adsorption for Enhancing Oil Recovery Using Hydrophilic Nanofluids (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
GEORGE ETHEREDGE for THE NEW YORK TIMES. (2016, October 21). Chandeliers. New York Times, p. RE13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Powell, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Gano & Kinzler, 2011; Powell, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gano & Kinzler, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Moreno, Basler, & Morata, 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Beheregaray et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Economic Asymmetries
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Asymmetries
ISSN (print)1703-4949
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance

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