How to format your references using the Ain Shams Engineering Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ain Shams Engineering Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Gibbs R. Deeper into the genome. Nature 2005;437:1233–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Clapier CR, Cairns BR. Regulation of ISWI involves inhibitory modules antagonized by nucleosomal epitopes. Nature 2012;492:280–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Altshuler D, Daly MJ, Lander ES. Genetic mapping in human disease. Science 2008;322:881–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
LaHaye MD, Suh J, Echternach PM, Schwab KC, Roukes ML. Nanomechanical measurements of a superconducting qubit. Nature 2009;459:960–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Koepsell D. Who Owns You? Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Crush J, Battersby J, editors. Rapid Urbanisation, Urban Food Deserts and Food Security in Africa. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Gas P. Transient Analysis of Interstitial Microwave Hyperthermia Using Multi-slot Coaxial Antenna. In: Gołębiowski L, Mazur D, editors. Analysis and Simulation of Electrical and Computer Systems, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 63–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ain Shams Engineering Journal.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew D. Comets or Volcanoes? Scientists Are Changing Their Minds About How the Earth’s Water Got Here. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/comets-or-volcanoes-scientists-are-changing-their-minds-about-how-the-earths-water-got-here/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Commercial Aviation: Better Information about Airline-Imposed Fees and the Refundability of Government-Imposed Taxes and Fees Could Benefit Consumers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Restrepo E. Eventalizing blackness in Colombia. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Vecsey G. A Goal Apart in ’08, Face to Face Now. New York Times 2010:B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAin Shams Engineering Journal
ISSN (print)2090-4479
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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