How to format your references using the Ain Shams Engineering Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ain Shams Engineering Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Foster I. Service-oriented science. Science 2005;308:814–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Weaver AJ, Hillaire-Marcel C. Ocean science. Global warming and the next ice age. Science 2004;304:400–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Hellweger FL, van Sebille E, Fredrick ND. Biogeographic patterns in ocean microbes emerge in a neutral agent-based model. Science 2014;345:1346–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Cao G, Feng H, Guo F, Wu K, Li X, Liang G, et al. Quantitative analysis of fitness costs associated with the development of resistance to the Bt toxin Cry1Ac in Helicoverpa armigera. Sci Rep 2014;4:5629.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Garg VK. Concurrent and Distributed Computing in Java. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
[1]
Qin L, Genant HK, Griffith JF, Leung KS, editors. Advanced Bioimaging Technologies in Assessment of the Quality of Bone and Scaffold Materials: Techniques and Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Komatsu T. Geomorphic Features of the Eastern Pamirs, with a Focus on the Occurrence of Intermontane Basins. In: Kreutzmann H, Watanabe T, editors. Mapping Transition in the Pamirs: Changing Human-Environmental Landscapes, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 55–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ain Shams Engineering Journal.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. New Electric Fish Genus in Amazon Tributaries. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/new-electric-fish-genus-amazon-tributaries/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Climate Monitoring: NOAA Can Improve Management of the U.S. Historical Climatology Network. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Seesengood BN. Analysis of the Repairability of Resin Modified Glass Ionomer Cement. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Williams J. Chatting With Bowie. New York Times 2016:BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAin Shams Engineering Journal
ISSN (print)2090-4479
ScopeGeneral Engineering

Other styles