How to format your references using the Ain Shams Engineering Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ain Shams Engineering Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Fabian N. Economics: support low-carbon investment. Nature 2015;519:27–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Stapel DA, Lindenberg S. Coping with chaos: how disordered contexts promote stereotyping and discrimination. Science 2011;332:251–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Humphries MM, Thomas DW, Speakman JR. Climate-mediated energetic constraints on the distribution of hibernating mammals. Nature 2002;418:313–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Jacchetti E, Di Rienzo C, Meucci S, Nocchi F, Beltram F, Cecchini M. Wharton’s Jelly human mesenchymal stem cell contact guidance by noisy nanotopographies. Sci Rep 2014;4:3830.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Meinert CL. Clinical Trials Dictionary. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Garber PA, Estrada A, Bicca-Marques JC, Heymann EW, Strier KB, editors. South American Primates: Comparative Perspectives in the Study of Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation. New York, NY: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Lauwers L. Semiconductor Technology Enabling Smart Electronics. In: Chakravarthi VS, Shirur YJM, Prasad R, editors. Proceedings of International Conference on VLSI, Communication, Advanced Devices, Signals & Systems and Networking (VCASAN-2013), New Delhi: Springer India; 2013, p. 15–24.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ain Shams Engineering Journal.

Blog post
[1]
Taub B. Scientists Are Trying To Figure Out What The “Spirit Molecule” Does. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/scientists-seek-role-spirit-molecule/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Nonfederal Student Loans. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Vazquez Baeza Y. Statistical Representations Of Microbial Systems. Doctoral dissertation. University of California San Diego, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Greenhouse L. Justices Divided On Protections Over Wetlands. New York Times 2006:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAin Shams Engineering Journal
ISSN (print)2090-4479
ScopeGeneral Engineering

Other styles