How to format your references using the Ain Shams Engineering Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ain Shams Engineering Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
McCabe H. Reshuffle lifts French synchrotron hopes. Nature 2000;404:533.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Cantalupo C, Hopkins WD. Asymmetric Broca’s area in great apes. Nature 2001;414:505.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Dharmawardhana CC, Misra A, Ching W-Y. Quantum mechanical metric for internal cohesion in cement crystals. Sci Rep 2014;4:7332.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Potts R, Behrensmeyer AK, Deino A, Ditchfield P, Clark J. Small mid-Pleistocene hominin associated with East African Acheulean technology. Science 2004;305:75–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
McBain GD. Theory of Lift. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Lajiness M, Quallich S, editors. The Nurse Practitioner in Urology. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Montgomery HE, Sen KD. Variational Perturbation Treatment for Excited States of Confined Two-Electron Atoms. In: Sen KD, editor. Electronic Structure of Quantum Confined Atoms and Molecules, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014, p. 91–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ain Shams Engineering Journal.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew D. How A Saviour Of The Ozone Hole Became A Climate Change Villain – And How We’re Going To Fix It. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/how-a-saviour-of-the-ozone-hole-became-a-climate-change-villain-and-how-were-going-to-fix-it/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. DOD Service Academies: Academy Preparatory Schools Need a Clearer Mission and Better Oversight. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Dillon M. Active aging program for older adults with early stage dementia. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kelly S. The Canadiens; and Soul Hockey No Politics on Ice Flyers a Different Breed. New York Times 1978:SportsS2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAin Shams Engineering Journal
ISSN (print)2090-4479
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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