How to format your references using the The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Rokas A. Genetics. My oldest sister is a sea walnut? Science. 2013 Dec 13;342(6164):1327–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Houghton M, Abrignani S. Prospects for a vaccine against the hepatitis C virus. Nature. 2005 Aug 18;436(7053):961–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Prakash M, Quéré D, Bush JWM. Surface tension transport of prey by feeding shorebirds: the capillary ratchet. Science. 2008 May 16;320(5878):931–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Nakabachi A, Yamashita A, Toh H, Ishikawa H, Dunbar HE, Moran NA, et al. The 160-kilobase genome of the bacterial endosymbiont Carsonella. Science. 2006 Oct 13;314(5797):267.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Ben Mahmoud MS, Larrieu N, Pirovano A. Risk Propagation Assessment for Network Security. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Beziau J-Y, Chakraborty M, Dutta S, editors. New Directions in Paraconsistent Logic: 5th WCP, Kolkata, India, February 2014. 1st ed. 2015. New Delhi: Springer India; 2015. XI, 552 p. 92 illus., 23 illus. in color. (Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics; vol. 152).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Hafner JE. Hermann Grassmann’s theory of religion and faith. In: Petsche H-J, Lewis AC, Liesen J, Russ S, editors. From Past to Future: Graßmann’s Work in Context: Graßmann Bicentennial Conference, September 2009. Basel: Springer; 2011. p. 37–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. Mars One Finalist Announces That It’s All A Scam. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Consolidated Student Loans: Borrowers Benefit but Costs to Them and the Government Grow. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 Jun. Report No.: HRD-90-8.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Heffner MD. Informing Decision-Making for Derailments Involving Hazmat: An Analysis of Phmsa Train Accident Data [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Markoff J. Robert Taylor, 85, Who Helped Create the Internet, Dies. New York Times. 2017 Apr 14;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
AbbreviationJ. Cardiovasc. Surg. (Torino)
ISSN (print)0021-9509
ISSN (online)1827-191X
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Surgery

Other styles