How to format your references using the The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Ormerod P. Social networks can spread the Olympic effect. Nature. 2012 Sep 20;489(7416):337.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Dulvy NK, Kindsvater HK. Ecology: Recovering the potential of coral reefs. Nature. 2015 Apr 16;520(7547):304–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
LaDeau SL, Kilpatrick AM, Marra PP. West Nile virus emergence and large-scale declines of North American bird populations. Nature. 2007 Jun 7;447(7145):710–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Liljegren SJ, Ditta GS, Eshed Y, Savidge B, Bowman JL, Yanofsky MF. SHATTERPROOF MADS-box genes control seed dispersal in Arabidopsis. Nature. 2000 Apr 13;404(6779):766–70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Saint-Dizier P. Musical Rhetoric. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Curran R, Chou S-Y, Trappey A, editors. Collaborative Product and Service Life Cycle Management for a Sustainable World: Proceedings of the 15th ISPE International Conference on Concurrent Engineering (CE2008). London: Springer; 2008. XXII, 622 p. (Advanced Concurrent Engineering).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kämäräinen J-K, Hadid A, Pietikäinen M. Local Representation of Facial Features. In: Li SZ, Jain AK, editors. Handbook of Face Recognition. London: Springer; 2011. p. 79–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. Air Pollution In China Is Estimated To Kill Around 1.6 Million People Each Year. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites: Steps Remain in Incorporating Lessons Learned from Other Satellite Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006 Sep. Report No.: GAO-06-993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Mbwiri FI. Remedial Math Instruction Intervention: Efficacy of Constructivist Practices on Alternative Students with Disabilities Mathematics Achievement [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
Kishkovsky S. MOSCOW: FABERGÉ DISPLAY. New York Times. 2004 May 19;E2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
AbbreviationJ. Cardiovasc. Surg. (Torino)
ISSN (print)0021-9509
ISSN (online)1827-191X
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Surgery

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