How to format your references using the The Journal of Biological Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Biological Chemistry (JBC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schulz, L. (2015) Psychology. Infants explore the unexpected. Science. 348, 42–43
A journal article with 2 authors
Markus, M. B., and Fincham, J. E. (2000) Mbeki and AIDS in Africa. Science. 288, 2131d
A journal article with 3 authors
Shinde, D. B., Majumder, M., and Pillai, V. K. (2014) Counter-ion dependent, longitudinal unzipping of multi-walled carbon nanotubes to highly conductive and transparent graphene nanoribbons. Sci. Rep. 4, 4363
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ishizaki, F., Nishiyama, T., Kawasaki, T., Miyashiro, Y., Hara, N., Takizawa, I., Naito, M., and Takahashi, K. (2013) Androgen deprivation promotes intratumoral synthesis of dihydrotestosterone from androgen metabolites in prostate cancer. Sci. Rep. 3, 1528

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minns, P., and Elliott, I. (2008) FSM-Based Digital Design Using Verilog HDL, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Mohapatra, D. P., and Patnaik, S. (eds.) (2014) Intelligent Computing, Networking, and Informatics: Proceedings of the International Conference on Advanced Computing, Networking, and Informatics, India, June 2013, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, Springer India, New Delhi
A chapter in an edited book
Glück, J., and Bluck, S. (2013) The MORE Life Experience Model: A Theory of the Development of Personal Wisdom. in The Scientific Study of Personal Wisdom: From Contemplative Traditions to Neuroscience (Ferrari, M., and Weststrate, N. M. eds), pp. 75–97, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Biological Chemistry.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017) Fast Radio Bursts Definitely Come From Outer Space. IFLScience. [online] (Accessed October 30, 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Space Exploration: NASA’s Deep Space Missions Are Experiencing Long Delays, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Legaspi, J. (2010) Accelerated supported employment program: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation thesis, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2001) 3-Card Monte Is Vanishing, Just Like Your $50 Bill Did. New York Times

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Biological Chemistry
AbbreviationJ. Biol. Chem.
ISSN (print)0021-9258
ISSN (online)1083-351X
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology

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