How to format your references using the Postharvest Biology and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Postharvest Biology and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Walker, J., 2014. Frederick Sanger (1918-2013). Nature 505, 27.
A journal article with 2 authors
Margoliash, D., Tchernichovski, O., 2015. DEVELOPMENT. Marmoset kids actually listen. Science 349, 688–689.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vilan, A., Shanzer, A., Cahen, D., 2000. Molecular control over Au/GaAs diodes. Nature 404, 166–168.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Salart, D., Baas, A., Branciard, C., Gisin, N., Zbinden, H., 2008. Testing the speed of “spooky action at a distance.” Nature 454, 861–864.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schütz, H., Wiedemann, P.M., Hennings, W., Mertens, J., Clauberg, M., 2006. Comparative Risk Assessment. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Lin, S., Huang, X. (Eds.), 2011. Advanced Research on Computer Education, Simulation and Modeling: International Conference, CESM 2011, Wuhan, China, June 18-19, 2011. Proceedings, Part I, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Interdonato, R., Tagarelli, A., 2016. To Trust or Not to Trust Lurkers?: Evaluation of Lurking and Trustworthiness in Ranking Problems, in: Wierzbicki, A., Brandes, U., Schweitzer, F., Pedreschi, D. (Eds.), Advances in Network Science: 12th International Conference and School, NetSci-X 2016, Wroclaw, Poland, January 11-13, 2016, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 43–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Postharvest Biology and Technology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. ‘Teenage’ Jupiter May Hold The Secret Of How Planets Form [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/space/teenage-jupiter-may-hold-secret-how-planets-form/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Aviation Security: FAA’s Deployments of Equipment to Detect Traces of Explosives (No. RCED-99-32R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hebbard, M.T., 2015. A Depositional Analysis of the Reeves Sand in Beauregard and Allen Parishes, Louisiana (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, J.C., Jr, 2017. Man’s Murder Conviction Set Aside at D.A.’s Request. New York Times A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Walker, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Margoliash and Tchernichovski, 2015; Walker, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Margoliash and Tchernichovski, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Salart et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titlePostharvest Biology and Technology
AbbreviationPostharvest Biol. Technol.
ISSN (print)0925-5214
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Food Science
Horticulture

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