How to format your references using the Postharvest Biology and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Postharvest Biology and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crow, J.M., 2012. HPV: The global burden. Nature 488, S2-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Poulain, A.J., Barkay, T., 2013. Environmental science. Cracking the mercury methylation code. Science 339, 1280–1281.
A journal article with 3 authors
Korswagen, H.C., Herman, M.A., Clevers, H.C., 2000. Distinct beta-catenins mediate adhesion and signalling functions in C. elegans. Nature 406, 527–532.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Brileya, K.A., Connolly, J.M., Downey, C., Gerlach, R., Fields, M.W., 2013. Taxis toward hydrogen gas by Methanococcus maripaludis. Sci. Rep. 3, 3140.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Langton, R., 2006. Stability and Control of Aircraft Systems. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, England.
An edited book
Bone, L.B., Mamczak, C.N. (Eds.), 2014. Front Line Extremity and Orthopaedic Surgery: A Practical Guide. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Toma, A.K., Papadopoulos, M.C., Stapleton, S., Kitchen, N.D., Watkins, L.D., 2012. Conservative Versus Surgical Management of Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus: A Prospective Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial: Study Protocol, in: Aygok, G.A., Rekate, H.L. (Eds.), Hydrocephalus: Selected Papers from the International Workshop in Crete, 2010, Acta Neurochirurgica Supplementum. Springer, Vienna, pp. 21–23.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Postharvest Biology and Technology.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. How Does Stoned Sex Compare To Drunk Sex? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2001. D.C. Tuition Assistance Grants: Program May Increase College Choices, but a Few Program Procedures May Hinder Grant Receipt for Some Residents (No. GAO-02-265). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Polderman, M.C., 2006. Textile Factories and Subsistence Plots: Rural Women’s Livelihoods and Unique Transition Experiences in Bulgaria (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman, J., 2016. Size Matters: Secrets of the Orchid Mantis. New York Times D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Crow, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Crow, 2012; Poulain and Barkay, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Poulain and Barkay, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Brileya et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePostharvest Biology and Technology
AbbreviationPostharvest Biol. Technol.
ISSN (print)0925-5214
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Food Science

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