How to format your references using the Current Dermatology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Dermatology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Coward F. Archaeology. Standing on the shoulders of giants. Science. 2008;319:1493–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Rout ME, Callaway RM. Plant science. An invasive plant paradox. Science. 2009;324:734–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Mani A, Rahwan I, Pentland A. Inducing peer pressure to promote cooperation. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1735.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Biron KE, Dickstein DL, Gopaul R, Fenninger F, Jefferies WA. Cessation of neoangiogenesis in Alzheimer’s disease follows amyloid-beta immunization. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1354.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Joyner M. Integration Marketing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1. Kadirkamanathan V, Sanguinetti G, Girolami M, Niranjan M, Noirel J, editors. Pattern Recognition in Bioinformatics: 4th IAPR International Conference, PRIB 2009, Sheffield, UK, September 7-9, 2009. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Nauth P. Goal Understanding and Self-generating Will for Autonomous Humanoid Robots. In: Hippe ZS, Kulikowski JL, Mroczek T, editors. Human – Computer Systems Interaction: Backgrounds and Applications 2: Part 2. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 41–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Dermatology Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. How To Find An Exoplanet (Part 1). IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Economic Espionage: Information on Threat From U.S. Allies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 Feb. Report No.: T-NSIAD-96-114.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Borgman GA. Loneliness and the Hermitic Psyche [Doctoral dissertation]. [Carpinteria, CA]: Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Conte L. Scouting Report. New York Times. 2011 Mar 24;E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Dermatology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Dermatol. Rep.
ISSN (online)2162-4933

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