How to format your references using the Current Dermatology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Dermatology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Martin A. Oceans.The seasonal smorgasbord of the seas. Science. 2012;337:46–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Farmer JD, Foley D. The economy needs agent-based modelling. Nature. 2009;460:685–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Wang Y, Zhang Y, Ha Y. Crystal structure of a rhomboid family intramembrane protease. Nature. 2006;444:179–80.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Zheng J, Wang Y, Wang L, Quhe R, Ni Z, Mei W-N, et al. Interfacial properties of bilayer and trilayer graphene on metal substrates. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2081.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Greiman VA. Megaproject Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Stahlbock R, Crone SF, Lessmann S, editors. Data Mining: Special Issue in Annals of Information Systems. 1st ed. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Dasiopoulou S, Saathoff C, Mylonas P, Avrithis Y, Kompatsiaris Y, Staab S, et al. Introducing Context and Reasoning in Visual Content Analysis: An Ontology-Based Framework. In: Kompatsiaris Y, Hobson P, editors. Semantic Multimedia and Ontologies: Theory and Applications. London: Springer; 2008. p. 99–122.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Dermatology Reports.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. Happy Birthday Philae: 7 Facts About The Amazing Comet Lander [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Pricing of a Fixed-Price Incentive Contract Awarded to RCA Corporation by the Goddard Space Flight Center. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977 Dec. Report No.: PSAD-78-49.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Glazer K. Imagining a constructionist game-based pedagogical model: Using tabletop role-playing game creation to enhance literature education in high school English classes [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Gustines GG. Coates to Write for Marvel. New York Times. 2015 Sep 23;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Dermatology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Dermatol. Rep.
ISSN (online)2162-4933

Other styles