How to format your references using the JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Duffy MA. Epidemiology. It helps to be well connected. Science 2014;344(6189):1229–30.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hoekstra AY., Wiedmann TO. Humanity’s unsustainable environmental footprint. Science 2014;344(6188):1114–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Guler U., Boltasseva A., Shalaev VM. Applied physics. Refractory plasmonics. Science 2014;344(6181):263–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ferrant S., Caballero Y., Perrin J., et al. Projected impacts of climate change on farmers’ extraction of groundwater from crystalline aquifers in South India. Sci Rep 2014;4:3697.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Robson Wright M. An Introduction to Chemical Kinetics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
Stefanakis E., Peterson MP., Armenakis C., Delis V. Geographic Hypermedia: Concepts and Systems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Cheu EY., Ng SK., Quek C. Enhancing Decision Support System with Neural Fuzzy Model and Simple Model Visualizations. In: Jain LC, and Lim CP, editors. Handbook on Decision Making: Vol 1: Techniques and Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 85–116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions.

Blog post
Luntz S. Sea Level Rise Has Been Miscalculated. IFLScience. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Improving the Acquisition of Computer Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Millar CL. Re-specting graffiti: Transgression at play in art, language, and ritual. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. The Supreme Court’s Death Trap. New York Times 2015:A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJACC: Cardiovascular Interventions
ISSN (print)1936-8798
ISSN (online)1876-7605

Other styles