How to format your references using the The International Sports Law Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The International Sports Law Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kawaoka Y (2012) H5N1: Flu transmission work is urgent. Nature 482:155
A journal article with 2 authors
Folkman J, Camphausen K (2001) Cancer. What does radiotherapy do to endothelial cells? Science 293:227–228
A journal article with 3 authors
Miyamoto K, Miyake S, Yamamura T (2001) A synthetic glycolipid prevents autoimmune encephalomyelitis by inducing TH2 bias of natural killer T cells. Nature 413:531–534
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hirowatari Y, Yoshida H, Kurosawa H, et al (2014) Automated measurement method for the determination of vitamin E in plasma lipoprotein classes. Sci Rep 4:4086

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Canham J, Bennett J (2008) Mentorship in Community Nursing: Challenges and Opportunities. Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Agnoletti M (ed) (2013) Italian Historical Rural Landscapes: Cultural Values for the Environment and Rural Development. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Králová-Hromadová I, Juhásová L, Bazsalovicsová E (2016) Intermediate Hosts of Fascioloides magna. In: Juhásová Ľ, Bazsalovicsová E (eds) The Giant Liver Fluke, Fascioloides magna: Past, Present and Future Research. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 67–79

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The International Sports Law Journal.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2017) Fully-Grown Pig Chimeras Are Only A Few Years Away – We Need To Understand Where They Stand Now. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Aviation Security: Corrective Actions Underway, but Better Inspection Guidance Still Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carpenter KJ (2017) The Relationship between School Leadership Practices And School Climate. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Shear MD, Savage C (2017) White House Lands 3 Punches Against Gay Rights in One Day. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kawaoka 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Folkman and Camphausen 2001; Kawaoka 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Folkman and Camphausen 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Hirowatari et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe International Sports Law Journal
AbbreviationInt. Sports Law J.
ISSN (print)1567-7559
ISSN (online)2213-5154

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