How to format your references using the The International Sports Law Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The International Sports Law Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tian P (2011) Convergence: Where West meets East. Nature 480:S84-6
A journal article with 2 authors
Insel TR, Landis S (2014) Allison Doupe (1954-2014). Nature 515:344
A journal article with 3 authors
Tucker WC, Weber T, Chapman ER (2004) Reconstitution of Ca2+-regulated membrane fusion by synaptotagmin and SNAREs. Science 304:435–438
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wu R, Cui L, Chen L, et al (2013) Effects of bio-Au nanoparticles on electrochemical activity of Shewanella oneidensis wild type and ΔomcA/mtrC mutant. Sci Rep 3:3307

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Crook T, Kemp PA (2010) Transforming Private Landlords. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Faletra FF (2010) Atlas of Real Time 3D Transesophageal Echocardiography. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Britt SL, Halley RE, Durband DB (2012) Training and Development of Financial Education Program Staff. In: Durband DB, Britt SL (eds) Student Financial Literacy: Campus-Based Program Development. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 37–55

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The International Sports Law Journal.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) What You Need To Know About Genetically Modified Organisms. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Electronic Government: Additional OMB Leadership Needed to Optimize Use of New Federal Employee Identification Cards. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gossett JM (2009) Autobiographical insights into the spiritual psychologies of Jung and Bion. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2006) Justices Let U.S. Transfer Padilla to Civilian Custody. New York Times A22

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tian 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Tian 2011; Insel and Landis 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Insel and Landis 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe International Sports Law Journal
AbbreviationInt. Sports Law J.
ISSN (print)1567-7559
ISSN (online)2213-5154

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