How to format your references using the The International Sports Law Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The International Sports Law Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Loder N (2000) UK discussed ban on foreign job ads in 1960s. Nature 403:121
A journal article with 2 authors
Rivera LB, Bergers G (2014) Angiogenesis. Targeting vascular sprouts. Science 344:1449–1450
A journal article with 3 authors
Paradise J, Andrews L, Holbrook T (2005) Intellectual property. Patents on human genes: an analysis of scope and claims. Science 307:1566–1567
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Odkhuu D, Shin D, Ruoff RS, Park N (2013) Conversion of multilayer graphene into continuous ultrathin sp3-bonded carbon films on metal surfaces. Sci Rep 3:3276

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fu F (2015) Advanced Modelling Techniques in Structural Design. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Szende A, Janssen B, Cabases J (eds) (2014) Self-Reported Population Health: An International Perspective based on EQ-5D. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Vulpetti G, Johnson L, Matloff GL (2015) The Solar Sail Option: From the Oceans to Space. In: Johnson L, Matloff GL (eds) Solar Sails: A Novel Approach to Interplanetary Travel. Springer, New York, NY, pp 45–58

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The International Sports Law Journal.

Blog post
Fang J (2016) Humans Took Refuge In Arabia During The Last Ice Age. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016) Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle: Action Needed to Improve Visibility into Cost, Schedule, and Capacity to Resolve Technical Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Powell JE (2013) Menasha Litigation: Wake-Up Call or Just A False Alarm. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG (2017) Weak Sales Doom Black Panther Spinoff. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Loder 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Loder 2000; Rivera and Bergers 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rivera and Bergers 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Odkhuu et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe International Sports Law Journal
AbbreviationInt. Sports Law J.
ISSN (print)1567-7559
ISSN (online)2213-5154

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