How to format your references using the The International Sports Law Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The International Sports Law Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koen D (2003) Nuts and bolts. Nature 426:588
A journal article with 2 authors
Hannon GJ, Rossi JJ (2004) Unlocking the potential of the human genome with RNA interference. Nature 431:371–378
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang Z-Y, Sun K-D, Wang S-Q (2013) Enhanced community structure detection in complex networks with partial background information. Sci Rep 3:3241
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Mainland JD, Bremner EA, Young N, et al (2002) Olfactory plasticity: one nostril knows what the other learns. Nature 419:802

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mauthe A, Thomas P (2005) Professional Content Management Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Levine M (2007) Algebraic Cobordism. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Fry J, Galla T, Binner JM (2015) Quantitative Decision-Making Rules for the Next Generation of Smarter Evacuations. In: Preston J, Binner JM, Branicki L, et al. (eds) City Evacuations: An Interdisciplinary Approach. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 63–87

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The International Sports Law Journal.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2016) Solar Impulse Plane Begins Daunting 90-Hour Trek Across The Atlantic Ocean. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) High Performance Computing and Communications: New Program Direction Would Benefit from a More Focused Effort. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robert NA (2017) Cortile: World Building & the Traveler Archetype. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky L (2008) The Hebrew School. New York Times M280

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schilling 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Cho 2008; Freeman 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hannon and Rossi 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhu et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe International Sports Law Journal
AbbreviationInt. Sports Law J.
ISSN (print)1567-7559
ISSN (online)2213-5154

Other styles