How to format your references using the The International Sports Law Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The International Sports Law Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jaeger NI (2001) Surface science. Bridging gaps and opening windows. Science 293:1601–1602
A journal article with 2 authors
Tao FF, Salmeron M (2011) In situ studies of chemistry and structure of materials in reactive environments. Science 331:171–174
A journal article with 3 authors
Kiesecker JM, Blaustein AR, Belden LK (2001) Complex causes of amphibian population declines. Nature 410:681–684
A journal article with 5 or more authors
König R, Stertz S, Zhou Y, et al (2010) Human host factors required for influenza virus replication. Nature 463:813–817

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chu L-Y, Wang W (2017) Microfluidics for Advanced Functional Polymeric Materials. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Andresen K, Steen B van der (eds) (2016) A European Youth Revolt: European Perspectives on Youth Protest and Social Movements in the 1980s. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London
A chapter in an edited book
Trawick P (2008) Scarcity, Equity, and Transparency: General Principles for Successfully Governing the Water Commons. In: Wiegandt E (ed) Mountains: Sources of Water, Sources of Knowledge. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 43–61

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The International Sports Law Journal.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) What Happens When You Put Metal In A Microwave? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) DOD Service Academies: Academy Preparatory Schools Need a Clearer Mission and Better Oversight. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Laffier J (2015) A qualitative evaluation of the role of artistic expression in psychological empowerment of bullying victims. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW (2012) State Bonds In Jeopardy As Tobacco Cash Fades. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jaeger 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Jaeger 2001; Tao and Salmeron 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tao and Salmeron 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (König et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe International Sports Law Journal
AbbreviationInt. Sports Law J.
ISSN (print)1567-7559
ISSN (online)2213-5154

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