How to format your references using the The International Journal of Psychoanalysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The International Journal of Psychoanalysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sharp T (2006). Neuroscience. A new molecule to brighten the mood. Science 311:45–46.
A journal article with 2 authors
Truffer M, Fahnestock M (2007). Climate change. Rethinking ice sheet time scales. Science 315:1508–1510.
A journal article with 3 authors
Young IR, Zieger S, Babanin AV (2011). Global trends in wind speed and wave height. Science 332:451–455.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Albert I, Mavrich TN, Tomsho LP, Qi J, Zanton SJ, Schuster SC, et al. (2007). Translational and rotational settings of H2A.Z nucleosomes across the Saccharomyces cerevisiae genome. Nature 446:572–576.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yoder CH, Leber PA, Thomsen MW (2010). The Bridge to Organic Chemistry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Muniappan R, Heinrichs EA, editors (2016). Integrated Pest Management of Tropical Vegetable Crops. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Li Y, Luo X, Hu S (2015). Polyols and Polyurethanes from Protein-Based Feedstocks. In Luo X, Hu S, editors. Bio-based Polyols and Polyurethanes, p. 65–79. Springer International Publishing: Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The International Journal of Psychoanalysis.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016). The Best Close-Up Picture Of Pluto From New Horizons Yet. IFLScience [Internet]. IFLScienceAvailable from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1976). Problems Associated With D.C. Public Schools Payroll Reporting System. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oliver CN (2008). The relationship between length of kindergarten day and student literacy and math achievement. Lindenwood University: St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B (2017). Concert Giants Seek Gold in New York Grit. New York TimesB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sharp, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Sharp, 2006; Truffer and Fahnestock, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Truffer and Fahnestock, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Albert et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe International Journal of Psychoanalysis
AbbreviationInt. J. Psychoanal.
ISSN (print)0020-7578
ISSN (online)1745-8315
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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