How to format your references using the The International Journal of Psychoanalysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The International Journal of Psychoanalysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Luntz AC (2003). Chemistry. Toward vibrational mode control in catalysis. Science 302:70–71.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schliwa M, Woehlke G (2003). Molecular motors. Nature 422:759–765.
A journal article with 3 authors
Griffith S, Goldwater D, Jacobson JM (2005). Robotics: self-replication from random parts. Nature 437:636.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Beck M, Förster F, Ecke M, Plitzko JM, Melchior F, Gerisch G, et al. (2004). Nuclear pore complex structure and dynamics revealed by cryoelectron tomography. Science 306:1387–1390.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ansons AM, Davis H (2008). Diagnosis and Management of Ocular Motility Disorders. Blackwell Science Ltd: Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Gould J, Hoelmer K, Goolsby J, editors (2008). Classical Biological Control of Bemisia tabaci in the United States - A Review of Interagency Research and Implementation. 4:. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Bal-Woźniak T (2015). Creating Sustainable Enterprise Using the Substantive Innovativeness Model. In O’Riordan L, Zmuda P, Heinemann S, editors. New Perspectives on Corporate Social Responsibility: Locating the Missing Link, p. 89–108. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden: Wiesbaden.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The International Journal of Psychoanalysis.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2017). Amazon’s Jeff Bezos Wants Humans To Colonize The Moon With His Help. IFLScience [Internet]. IFLScienceAvailable from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991). Stock Market Automation: Exchanges Have Increased Systems’ Capacities Since the 1987 Market Crash. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reyes-Rodriguez GJ (2013). Nucleophilic additions to a para-benzyne derived from an enediyne: Exploring the non-radical reactivity of a diradical. University of California San Diego: La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2003). Read All About It, Every Day for 70 Years. New York Times146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Luntz, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Luntz, 2003; Schliwa and Woehlke, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schliwa and Woehlke, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Beck et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe International Journal of Psychoanalysis
AbbreviationInt. J. Psychoanal.
ISSN (print)0020-7578
ISSN (online)1745-8315
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

Other styles