How to format your references using the The International Journal of Psychoanalysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The International Journal of Psychoanalysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Steneck RS (2006). Ecology. Staying connected in a turbulent world. Science 311:480–481.
A journal article with 2 authors
Valadkhan S, Manley JL (2001). Splicing-related catalysis by protein-free snRNAs. Nature 413:701–707.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brown RR, Deletic A, Wong THF (2015). Interdisciplinarity: How to catalyse collaboration. Nature 525:315–317.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lo B, Chou V, Cedars MI, Gates E, Taylor RN, Wagner RM, et al. (2003). Medicine. Consent from donors for embryo and stem cell research. Science 301:921.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Seyfried TN (2012). Cancer as a Metabolic Disease. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Di Stefano R, Ramón Solans FJ, editors (2016). Marian Devotions, Political Mobilization, and Nationalism in Europe and America. Springer International Publishing: Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Bittsánszky A, Gullner G, Gyulai G, Komives T (2011). A Case Study: Uptake and Accumulation of Persistent Organic Pollutants in Cucurbitaceae Species. In Schröder P, Collins CD, editors. Organic Xenobiotics and Plants: From Mode of Action to Ecophysiology, p. 77–85. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The International Journal of Psychoanalysis.

Blog post
Andrew E (2013). Ancient Giant Platypus Discovered in Australia. IFLScience [Internet]. IFLScienceAvailable from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006). National Airspace System Modernization: Observations on Potential Funding Options for FAA and the Next Generation Airspace System. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Glover D (2010). Reconciling the doctrine of original sin with principles of moral responsibility. California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M (2010). Scouting Report. New York TimesE5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Steneck, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Steneck, 2006; Valadkhan and Manley, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Valadkhan and Manley, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Lo et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe International Journal of Psychoanalysis
AbbreviationInt. J. Psychoanal.
ISSN (print)0020-7578
ISSN (online)1745-8315
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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