How to format your references using the The International Journal of Psychoanalysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The International Journal of Psychoanalysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bell J (2002). Planetary science. Tip of the Martian iceberg? Science 297:60–61.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chase MW, Fay MF (2009). Ecology. Barcoding of plants and fungi. Science 325:682–683.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schröder GF, Levitt M, Brunger AT (2010). Super-resolution biomolecular crystallography with low-resolution data. Nature 464:1218–1222.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Singleton MR, Dillingham MS, Gaudier M, Kowalczykowski SC, Wigley DB (2004). Crystal structure of RecBCD enzyme reveals a machine for processing DNA breaks. Nature 432:187–193.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gaffikin F, Morrissey M (2011). Planning in Divided Cities: Collaborative Shaping of Contested Space. Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Blecker T, Friedrich G, editors (2006). Mass Customization: Challenges and Solutions. 87:. Springer US: Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Butler NS, Harty JT (2010). The Role of Inflammation in the Generation and Maintenance of Memory T Cells. In Zanetti M, Schoenberger SP, editors. Memory T Cells, p. 42–56. Springer: New York, NY.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The International Journal of Psychoanalysis.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016). Traveling To Mars With Immortal Plasma Rockets. IFLScience [Internet]. IFLScienceAvailable from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007). Motor Carrier Safety: The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Has Developed a Reasonable Framework for Managing and Testing Its Comprehensive Safety Analysis 2010 Initiative. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mazon WE (2009). The effect of the Breath BuilderTM on various lung functions and musical performance abilities of clarinet players. University of Arizona: Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman J (2016). Sciencetake: Misguided Leaders Don’t Lead Pigeons Off Course. New York TimesD2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bell, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Bell, 2002; Chase and Fay, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chase and Fay, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Singleton et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe International Journal of Psychoanalysis
AbbreviationInt. J. Psychoanal.
ISSN (print)0020-7578
ISSN (online)1745-8315
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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