How to format your references using the The International Journal of Psychoanalysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The International Journal of Psychoanalysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wagner A (2002). Retrospective. Willibald Jentschke (1911-2002). Science 296:672.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wiseman RL, Kelly JW (2011). Cell biology. Phosphatase inhibition delays translational recovery. Science 332:44–45.
A journal article with 3 authors
Geisler JH, Colbert MW, Carew JL (2014). A new fossil species supports an early origin for toothed whale echolocation. Nature 508:383–386.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Alsayed AM, Islam MF, Zhang J, Collings PJ, Yodh AG (2005). Premelting at defects within bulk colloidal crystals. Science 309:1207–1210.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rowe HE (2001). Electromagnetic Propagation in Multi-Mode Random Media. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: New York, USA.
An edited book
Halgamuge SK, Wang L, editors (2005). Classification and Clustering for Knowledge Discovery. 4:. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Quast M, Handel MJ, Favre J-M, Estublier J (2013). Social Information Systems: Agility Without Chaos. In Cordeiro J, Maciaszek LA, Filipe J, editors. Enterprise Information Systems: 14th International Conference, ICEIS 2012, Wroclaw, Poland, June 28 - July 1, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, p. 55–71. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The International Journal of Psychoanalysis.

Blog post
Andrew D (2015). What Happens When you put a Mouse in Mountain Dew for 30 Days? IFLScience [Internet]. IFLScienceAvailable from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977). Social Research and Development of Limited Use to National Policymakers. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
O’Connell M (2010). Escaping intersections. George Washington University: Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barker K, Shah PZ, Goldstein J, Silver-Greenberg J (2016). From Class Clown to Manhattan Bomb Suspect. New York TimesA1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wagner, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Wagner, 2002; Wiseman and Kelly, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wiseman and Kelly, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Alsayed et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe International Journal of Psychoanalysis
AbbreviationInt. J. Psychoanal.
ISSN (print)0020-7578
ISSN (online)1745-8315
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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