How to format your references using the Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Knight J. Turning technology into gold. Nature 2003;426:708.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Wu X, Ruvkun G. Cancer. Germ cell genes and cancer. Science 2010;330:1761–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Corwin EI, Jaeger HM, Nagel SR. Structural signature of jamming in granular media. Nature 2005;435:1075–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Gao M, Nettles RE, Belema M, Snyder LB, Nguyen VN, Fridell RA, et al. Chemical genetics strategy identifies an HCV NS5A inhibitor with a potent clinical effect. Nature 2010;465:96–100.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Laplante PA, Ovaska SJ. Real-Time Systems Design and Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Guy TV, Kárný M, Wolpert DH, editors. Decision Making: Uncertainty, Imperfection, Deliberation and Scalability. vol. 538. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Zhang Z, Chen S, Feng Z, Su LJ. Pregnancy Exposures Determine Risk of Breast Cancer in Multiple Generations of Offspring. In: Su LJ, Chiang T-C, editors. Environmental Epigenetics, London: Springer; 2015, p. 75–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. The Eye-Opening Parasite That Can Get In Through Your Contact Lens. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: Superconducting Super Collider Cost and Schedule. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Sarkar D. Nanopass compiler infrastructure. Doctoral dissertation. Indiana University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Hollander S. From Nothing, A Great Team Rises; Duluth Women’s Hockey Program Surges to Prominence in Its First Year. New York Times 2000:D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Infection and Chemotherapy
AbbreviationJ. Infect. Chemother.
ISSN (print)1341-321X
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Microbiology (medical)
Pharmacology (medical)

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