How to format your references using the Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Ball P. Culture: Artistic alchemy. Nature 2014;512:26–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Simonson AB, Lake JA. The transorientation hypothesis for codon recognition during protein synthesis. Nature 2002;416:281–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Kieffer HH, Christensen PR, Titus TN. CO2 jets formed by sublimation beneath translucent slab ice in Mars’ seasonal south polar ice cap. Nature 2006;442:793–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Sereno PC, Larsson HC, Sidor CA, Gado B. The giant crocodyliform Sarcosuchus from the Cretaceous of Africa. Science 2001;294:1516–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Declerck P. Discrete Event Systems in Dioid Algebra and Conventional Algebra. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Lollino G, Arattano M, Giardino M, Oliveira R, Peppoloni S, editors. Engineering Geology for Society and Territory - Volume 7: Education, Professional Ethics and Public Recognition of Engineering Geology. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Xiao R, Hu X. The Macro-Statistic Features of Translational Chinese. In: Hu X, editor. Corpus-Based Studies of Translational Chinese in English-Chinese Translation, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015, p. 67–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy.

Blog post
[1]
Taub B. Scientists May Have Implanted An Artificial Vision Into The Brain Of A Mouse. IFLScience 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Joint Strike Fighter Acquisition: Development Schedule Should Be Changed to Reduce Risks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Chavez JA. Principal stress analysis of rock fracture data from the Long Beach oil field, Los Angeles basin, California. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Brantley B. The Goal Is to Win, and to Be Heard. New York Times 2016:C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Infection and Chemotherapy
AbbreviationJ. Infect. Chemother.
ISSN (print)1341-321X
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Microbiology (medical)
Pharmacology (medical)

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