How to format your references using the Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Ball P. Water: water--an enduring mystery. Nature 2008;452:291–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Dziak RP, Johnson HP. Hydrothermal systems. Stirring the oceanic incubator. Science 2002;296:1406–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Meyron-Holtz EG, Ghosh MC, Rouault TA. Mammalian tissue oxygen levels modulate iron-regulatory protein activities in vivo. Science 2004;306:2087–90.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Terszowski G, Müller SM, Bleul CC, Blum C, Schirmbeck R, Reimann J, et al. Evidence for a functional second thymus in mice. Science 2006;312:284–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Kunz W. Species Conservation in Managed Habitats. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Contini F, Lanzara GF, editors. The Circulation of Agency in E-Justice: Interoperability and Infrastructures for European Transborder Judicial Proceedings. vol. 13. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Rodil K. A Participatory Perspective on Cross-Cultural Design. In: Ebert A, van der Veer GC, Domik G, Gershon ND, Scheler I, editors. Building Bridges: HCI, Visualization, and Non-formal Modeling: IFIP WG 13.7 Workshops on Human–Computer Interaction and Visualization: 7th HCIV@ECCE 2011, Rostock, Germany, August 23, 2011, and 8th HCIV@INTERACT 2011, Lisbon, Portugal, September 5, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014, p. 30–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew D. Food Poisoning Expert Reveals 6 Things He Refuses To Eat. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/food-poisoning-expert-reveals-6-things-he-refuses-to-eat/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Truck Safety: Share the Road Safely Pilot Initiative Showed Promise, but the Program’s Future Success Is Uncertain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Zhao Y. Studies on Error Control of 3-D Zerotree Wavelet Video Streaming. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University, 2005.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Park LS. Origin of a Species. New York Times 2017:BR17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Infection and Chemotherapy
AbbreviationJ. Infect. Chemother.
ISSN (print)1341-321X
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Microbiology (medical)
Pharmacology (medical)

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