How to format your references using the Journal of Human Rights and Social Work citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Human Rights and Social Work. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mazin, I. I. (2015). Superconductivity: Extraordinarily conventional. Nature, 525(7567), 40–41.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gouaux, E., & Mackinnon, R. (2005). Principles of selective ion transport in channels and pumps. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5753), 1461–1465.
A journal article with 3 authors
Izawa, Y., Pun, D., & Stahl, S. S. (2011). Palladium-catalyzed aerobic dehydrogenation of substituted cyclohexanones to phenols. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6039), 209–213.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Croué, J., West, N. J., Escande, M.-L., Intertaglia, L., Lebaron, P., & Suzuki, M. T. (2013). A single betaproteobacterium dominates the microbial community of the crambescidine-containing sponge Crambe crambe. Scientific reports, 3, 2583.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stack, T., Ostrom, L. T., & Wilhelmsen, C. A. (2016). Occupational Ergonomics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lockwood, D. J., & Pavesi, L. (Eds.). (2011). Silicon Photonics II: Components and Integration (Vol. 119). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Broadhurst, R., & Chang, L. Y. C. (2013). Cybercrime in Asia: Trends and Challenges. In J. Liu, B. Hebenton, & S. Jou (Eds.), Handbook of Asian Criminology (pp. 49–63). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Human Rights and Social Work.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, July 15). X-ray Observatory Finds Evidence of Neutron Star Collision. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Education and Employment Issue Area: Active Assignments (No. AA-95-17(3)). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bai, H. (2017). Cognitive processes of prioritization in multitasking (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2012, March 28). Symbols for Satire. New York Times, p. B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mazin 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Gouaux and Mackinnon 2005; Mazin 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gouaux and Mackinnon 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Croué et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Human Rights and Social Work
AbbreviationJ. Hum. Rights Soc. Work
ISSN (online)2365-1792

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