How to format your references using the Journal of Human Rights and Social Work citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Human Rights and Social Work. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zubairy, M. S. (2007). Physics. Factoring numbers with waves. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5824), 554–555.
A journal article with 2 authors
Strzepek, R. F., & Harrison, P. J. (2004). Photosynthetic architecture differs in coastal and oceanic diatoms. Nature, 431(7009), 689–692.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ofstad, T. A., Zuker, C. S., & Reiser, M. B. (2011). Visual place learning in Drosophila melanogaster. Nature, 474(7350), 204–207.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Suzuki, T., Hasan, Z., Funahashi, Y., Yamaguchi, T., Fujishiro, Y., & Awano, M. (2009). Impact of anode microstructure on solid oxide fuel cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5942), 852–855.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McPhee, P. (2012). A Companion to the French Revolution. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Vashchenko, V. A. (2008). Physical Limitations of Semiconductor Devices. (V. F. Sinkevitch, Ed.). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Andersen, P. H. (2012). Participation in Innovation Communities: Strategies and Contingencies. In A. Bøllingtoft, L. Donaldson, G. P. Huber, D. D. Håkonsson, & C. C. Snow (Eds.), Collaborative Communities of Firms: Purpose, Process, and Design (pp. 59–73). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Human Rights and Social Work.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, March 2). A Beautiful Glimpse Of A Galaxy Seen From The Edge. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Market Research: Better Documentation Needed to Inform Future Procurements at Selected Agencies (No. GAO-15-8). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Backfish, M. (2013). Electron Cloud in Steel Beam Pipe vs Titanium Nitride Coated and Amorphous Carbon Coated Beam Pipes in Fermilab’s Main Injector (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2017, January 30). Working Toward a Sunny Version of ‘Jurassic Park.’ New York Times, p. C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zubairy 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Strzepek and Harrison 2004; Zubairy 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Strzepek and Harrison 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Suzuki et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Human Rights and Social Work
AbbreviationJ. Hum. Rights Soc. Work
ISSN (online)2365-1792

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