How to format your references using the Journal of Human Rights and Social Work citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Human Rights and Social Work. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lloyd, S. (2008). Enhanced sensitivity of photodetection via quantum illumination. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5895), 1463–1465.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mastrandrea, M. D., & Schneider, S. H. (2004). Probabilistic integrated assessment of “dangerous” climate change. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5670), 571–575.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, L. J., Kuzmich, A., & Dogariu, A. (2000). Gain-assisted superluminal light propagation. Nature, 406(6793), 277–279.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mangone, M., Manoharan, A. P., Thierry-Mieg, D., Thierry-Mieg, J., Han, T., Mackowiak, S. D., et al. (2010). The landscape of C. elegans 3’UTRs. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5990), 432–435.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Harrison, A. (2016). The Life of D. H. Lawrence. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Fermüller, C. G., & Voronkov, A. (Eds.). (2010). Logic for Programming, Artificial Intelligence, and Reasoning: 17th International Conference, LPAR-17, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, October 10-15, 2010. Proceedings (Vol. 6397). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, G., Hu, Y., & Yu, Y. (2014). Popularity Prediction of Tianya BBS Posts Based on User Behavior. In L. Batten, G. Li, W. Niu, & M. Warren (Eds.), Applications and Techniques in Information Security: 5th International Conference, ATIS 2014, Melbourne, VIC, Australia, November 26-28, 2014. Proceedings (pp. 33–43). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Human Rights and Social Work.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, October 10). “Game-Changing” Immunotherapy Drug Doubles Cancer Survival Rates. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). District of Columbia Government: Overtime Costs Exceed Those of Neighboring Governments (No. GGD-97-159BR). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jones, L. J. (2017). From Corbin and Hillman to Dionysos: The Partial Unveiling of Psyche’s Stage (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brennan, T. J. (2017, September 1). Why Pot, Not Pills, Works for My T.B.I. New York Times, p. A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lloyd 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Lloyd 2008; Mastrandrea and Schneider 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mastrandrea and Schneider 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Mangone et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Human Rights and Social Work
AbbreviationJ. Hum. Rights Soc. Work
ISSN (online)2365-1792

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