How to format your references using the Surgical Endoscopy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Surgical Endoscopy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smaglik P (2003) Physics temps. Nature 425:541
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Bellows DS, Tyers M (2004) Cell biology. Chemical genetics hits. Science 306:67–68
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
De’ath G, Lough JM, Fabricius KE (2009) Declining coral calcification on the Great Barrier Reef. Science 323:116–119
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Driscoll T, Kim H-T, Chae B-G, Kim B-J, Lee Y-W, Jokerst NM, Palit S, Smith DR, Di Ventra M, Basov DN (2009) Memory metamaterials. Science 325:1518–1521

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Laplante PA, Ovaska SJ (2011) Real-Time Systems Design and Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Klumpp M, Leeuw S de, Regattieri A, Souza R de (2015) Humanitarian Logistics and Sustainability. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kyle Satterstrom F, Linkov I, Kiker G, Bridges T, Greenberg M (2007) Adaptive Management. In: Macey GP, Cannon JZ (eds) Reclaiming the Land: Rethinking Superfund Institutions, Methods and Practices. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 89–128

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Surgical Endoscopy.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2014) Researchers Getting Closer To Proving Gravitational Waves From Neutron Stars. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2001) Bilingual Education: Four Overlapping Programs Could Be Consolidated. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Brown JT (2010) Evaluation of a social science simulation by uncertainty analysis and comparison. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G (2010) Long-Suffering Saints Fans Could Use Some Good Times. New York Times SP2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSurgical Endoscopy
AbbreviationSurg. Endosc.
ISSN (print)0930-2794
ISSN (online)1432-2218
ScopeSurgery

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