How to format your references using the Surgical Endoscopy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Surgical Endoscopy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Siegel J (2005) Chemistry. Inventing the nanomolecular wheel. Science 310:63–64
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang Y, Hekimi S (2015) Mitochondrial dysfunction and longevity in animals: Untangling the knot. Science 350:1204–1207
A journal article with 3 authors
Simmons SL, Bazylinski DA, Edwards KJ (2006) South-seeking magnetotactic bacteria in the Northern Hemisphere. Science 311:371–374
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kaneko T, Sakuma T, Yamamoto T, Mashimo T (2014) Simple knockout by electroporation of engineered endonucleases into intact rat embryos. Sci Rep 4:6382

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Speight JG (2017) Rules of Thumb for Petroleum Engineers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Healy JJ, Alper Kutay M, Ozaktas HM, Sheridan JT (2016) Linear Canonical Transforms: Theory and Applications. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Oliver BR, Hodgins S (2013) Understanding Violence in Girls with Substance Misuse Problems. In: Andershed A-K (ed) Girls at Risk: Swedish Longitudinal Research on Adjustment. Springer, New York, NY, pp 79–104

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Surgical Endoscopy.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Folded DNA Recreates A Nano-Sized Van Gogh Painting. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Transportation Infrastructure: Highway Pavement Design Guide Is Outdated. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kelly EJ (2016) What experiences create and nurture a love of science? Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED MJ (2017) Nestlé Plans for Buybacks And, Perhaps, Acquisitions. New York Times B4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSurgical Endoscopy
AbbreviationSurg. Endosc.
ISSN (print)0930-2794
ISSN (online)1432-2218

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