How to format your references using the Surgical Endoscopy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Surgical Endoscopy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Swaminathan MS (2009) Obituary: Norman E. Borlaug (1914-2009). Nature 461:894
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Lomakin IB, Steitz TA (2013) The initiation of mammalian protein synthesis and mRNA scanning mechanism. Nature 500:307–311
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Singh SK, Yamashita A, Gouaux E (2007) Antidepressant binding site in a bacterial homologue of neurotransmitter transporters. Nature 448:952–956
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Li J, Ning Y, Hedley W, Saunders B, Chen Y, Tindill N, Hannay T, Subramaniam S (2002) The Molecule Pages database. Nature 420:716–717

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Caltagirone J-P (2015) Discrete Mechanics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Wu Y (2011) Computing and Intelligent Systems: International Conference, ICCIC 2011, Wuhan, China, September 17-18, 2011, Proceedings, Part III. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Menchetti PPM, Bini W (2014) Percutaneous Treatment in Lumbar Disc Herniation. In: Menchetti PPM (ed) Minimally Invasive Surgery of the Lumbar Spine. Springer, London, pp 83–105

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Surgical Endoscopy.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R (2016) Dinosaur Crater Drilling Project Declared A “Fantastic Success.” In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/pioneering-effort-drill-through-dinosaur-killing-impact-crater-declared-outstanding/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2012) Slot-Controlled Airports: FAA’s Rules Could Be Improved to Enhance Competition and Use of Available Capacity. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Immaneni RN (2015) An efficient approach to machine learning based text classification through distributed computing. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Schwartz J, Robertson C (2017) New Orleans Looks to Houston, and Sees Itself. New York Times A14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSurgical Endoscopy
AbbreviationSurg. Endosc.
ISSN (print)0930-2794
ISSN (online)1432-2218
ScopeSurgery

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