How to format your references using the Surgical Endoscopy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Surgical Endoscopy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Anson L (2009) Membrane protein biophysics. Nature 459:343
A journal article with 2 authors
Roeb M, Sattler C (2013) Chemistry. Isothermal water splitting. Science 341:470–471
A journal article with 3 authors
de Mel S, McKenzie D, Woodruff C (2012) One-time transfers of cash or capital have long-lasting effects on microenterprises in Sri Lanka. Science 335:962–966
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gutberlet A, Schwaab G, Birer O, Masia M, Kaczmarek A, Forbert H, Havenith M, Marx D (2009) Aggregation-induced dissociation of HCl(H2O)4 below 1 K: the smallest droplet of acid. Science 324:1545–1548

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schwartz R (2012) Rethinking Pragmatism. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Acar C (2009) MEMS Vibratory Gyroscopes: Structural Approaches to Improve Robustness. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Cominetti R, Facchinei F, Lasserre JB (2012) Chapter 5 Parametric Polynomial Optimization. In: Facchinei F, Lasserre JB (eds) Modern Optimization Modelling Techniques. Springer, Basel, pp 93–120

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Surgical Endoscopy.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2017) Orbiter’s Shaky Photo Of The Moon Caused By Being Hit By A Meteoroid. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) Offshoring: U.S. Semiconductor and Software Industries Increasingly Produce in China and India. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sumi SJ (2015) Eco-Hydrology Driven Evaluation of Statistically Downscaled Precipitation CMIP5 Climate Model Simulations over Louisiana. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart JB (2017) Questions of Judgment Engulf Barclays’ Chief. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSurgical Endoscopy
AbbreviationSurg. Endosc.
ISSN (print)0930-2794
ISSN (online)1432-2218

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