How to format your references using the The History of the Family citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The History of the Family. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chambers, J. (2014). Planetary science: A chronometer for Earth’s age. Nature, 508(7494), 51–52.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ruhl, H. A., & Smith, K. L., Jr. (2004). Shifts in deep-sea community structure linked to climate and food supply. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5683), 513–515.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhai, M., Zhao, G., & Zhang, Q. (2002). Is the Dongwanzi complex an Archean ophiolite? Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5557), 923.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Boyer, V., Marino, A. M., Pooser, R. C., & Lett, P. D. (2008). Entangled images from four-wave mixing. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5888), 544–547.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Allman, K., & Nogales, X. E. D. (2015). Impact Investment. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hall, R. E. (Ed.). (2013). The Melanin Millennium: Skin Color as 21st Century International Discourse. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
de Medeiros, A. K. A., Guzzo, A., Greco, G., van der Aalst, W. M. P., Weijters, A. J. M. M., van Dongen, B. F., & Saccà, D. (2008). Process Mining Based on Clustering: A Quest for Precision. In A. T. Hofstede, B. Benatallah, & H.-Y. Paik (Eds.), Business Process Management Workshops: BPM 2007 International Workshops, BPI, BPD, CBP, ProHealth, RefMod, semantics4ws, Brisbane, Australia, September 24, 2007, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 17–29). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The History of the Family.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, August 26). Baby Born To Woman Using Her Mother’s Transplanted Womb. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Highway Safety: Trends in Highway Fatalities 1975-1987 (PEMD-90-10). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams, C. (2013). It’s not a beauty pageant!: An examination of leadership development through Alaska native pageants [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon, M. R., & Schmitt, E. (2017, May 9). Defying Turkey, U.S. Will Arm Kurds in Syria. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chambers, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Chambers, 2014; Ruhl & Smith, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ruhl & Smith, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Zhai et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Boyer et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe History of the Family
AbbreviationHist. Fam.
ISSN (print)1081-602X
ISSN (online)1873-5398
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
Sociology and Political Science

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