How to format your references using the The History of the Family citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The History of the Family. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blackmore, S. (2002). Environment. Biodiversity update--progress in taxonomy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5592), 365.
A journal article with 2 authors
Glimcher, P. W., & Rustichini, A. (2004). Neuroeconomics: the consilience of brain and decision. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5695), 447–452.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hopkins, A. L., Witty, M. J., & Nwaka, S. (2007). Mission possible. Nature, 449(7159), 166–169.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhang, P., Mehta, K., Rehman, S., & Chen, N. (2014). Imaging single chiral nanoparticles in turbid media using circular-polarization optical coherence microscopy. Scientific Reports, 4, 4979.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hornberg, A. (2017). Handbook of Machine and Computer Vision. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Besold, T. R., Schorlemmer, M., & Smaill, A. (Eds.). (2015). Computational Creativity Research: Towards Creative Machines (Vol. 7). Paris: Atlantis Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Forciea, M. A., & Yudin, J. (2008). Home-Based Care of the Older Patient. In R. J. Pignolo, M. K. Crane, & M. A. Forciea (Eds.), Classic Papers in Geriatric Medicine with Current Commentaries (pp. 27–32). Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The History of the Family.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, September 15). Galaxy Returns To The Shadows After Black Hole Activity Ceases. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Highlights of an Expert Panel: The Benefits and Costs of Highway and Transit Investments (No. GAO-05-423SP). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Culumber, J. J. (2017). Physician Practice Survival: The Role of Analytics in Shaping the Future (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2015, March 26). Chinese Cabby’s Query Prompted an Epiphany. New York Times, p. F6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blackmore, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Blackmore, 2002; Glimcher & Rustichini, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Glimcher & Rustichini, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Hopkins, Witty, & Nwaka, 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zhang, Mehta, Rehman, & Chen, 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe History of the Family
AbbreviationHist. Fam.
ISSN (print)1081-602X
ISSN (online)1873-5398
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
Sociology and Political Science

Other styles