How to format your references using the The History of the Family citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The History of the Family. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dolgin, E. (2011). Stem cells: Transplants on trial. Nature, 480(7377), S46-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vidale, J. E., & Li, Y.-G. (2003). Damage to the shallow Landers fault from the nearby Hector Mine earthquake. Nature, 421(6922), 524–526.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schaller, J., Weiske, A., & Berger, F. (2013). Thunderbolt in biogeochemistry: galvanic effects of lightning as another source for metal remobilization. Scientific Reports, 3, 3122.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, G., Innes, J. L., Lei, J., Dai, S., & Wu, S. W. (2007). Ecology. China’s forestry reforms. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5856), 1556–1557.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Asif, S. Z. (2010). Next Generation Mobile Communications Ecosystem. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Hömberg, D., & Tröltzsch, F. (Eds.). (2013). System Modeling and Optimization: 25th IFIP TC 7 Conference, CSMO 2011, Berlin, Germany, September 12-16, 2011, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 391). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Krishans, Z., Mutule, A., Merkuryev, Y., & Oleinikova, I. (2011). Optimal Initial States Method. In A. Mutule, Y. Merkuryev, & I. Oleinikova (Eds.), Dynamic Management of Sustainable Development: Methods for Large Technical Systems (pp. 45–56). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The History of the Family.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, May 23). T-Rex May Have Had Lips Covering Up Its Teeth. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1971). Misuse of Federal Funds Provided for the Midwest Regional Conference on Science, Technology, and State Government (B-171679). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Saurage-Altenloh, S. M. (2017). The Measured Influence of Supplier CSR on Brand Performance Expectations in B2B Relationships [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2005, November 29). Justices Agree to Consider EBay Appeal in Patent Case. New York Times, C9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dolgin, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Dolgin, 2011; Vidale & Li, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vidale & Li, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Schaller et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wang et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe History of the Family
AbbreviationHist. Fam.
ISSN (print)1081-602X
ISSN (online)1873-5398
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
Sociology and Political Science

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