How to format your references using the The History of the Family citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The History of the Family. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wang, Q. (2013). China’s citizens must act to save their environment. Nature, 497(7448), 159.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zens, M. S., & Webb, C. O. (2002). Ecology. Sizing up the shape of life. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5559), 1475–1476.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bajcsy, M., Zibrov, A. S., & Lukin, M. D. (2003). Stationary pulses of light in an atomic medium. Nature, 426(6967), 638–641.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhai, Y., Pierre, D., Si, R., Deng, W., Ferrin, P., Nilekar, A. U., Peng, G., Herron, J. A., Bell, D. C., Saltsburg, H., Mavrikakis, M., & Flytzani-Stephanopoulos, M. (2010). Alkali-stabilized Pt-OHx species catalyze low-temperature water-gas shift reactions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5999), 1633–1636.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Broome, J. (2017). Weighing Goods. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Alicki, R. (2007). Quantum Dynamical Semigroups and Applications (K. Lendi, Ed.; Vol. 717). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sebastiani, P., Jeneralczuk, J., & Ramoni, M. F. (2006). Design and Analysis of Screening Experiments with Microarrays. In A. Dean & S. Lewis (Eds.), Screening: Methods for Experimentation in Industry, Drug Discovery, and Genetics (pp. 115–138). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The History of the Family.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, December 28). These Six Utopian Cities Of The Future Will Help You Re-Imagine Life On Earth. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Unfunded Mandates: Analysis of Reform Act Coverage (GAO-04-637). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reller, T. L. (2010). Exploring differences in teacher attitudes and instructional strategies between traditional and block schedule high schools: A comparison of two small schools [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee, L. (2009, September 17). Low-Upkeep Gardens, but Not Dirt Cheap. New York Times, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wang, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Wang, 2013; Zens & Webb, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zens & Webb, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Bajcsy et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zhai et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe History of the Family
AbbreviationHist. Fam.
ISSN (print)1081-602X
ISSN (online)1873-5398
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
Sociology and Political Science

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