How to format your references using the Polymer Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Polymer Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bell, J. Predicting disease using genomics. Nature 429, 453–456 (2004).
A journal article with 2 authors
Zahn, L. M. & Travis, J. Cancer genomics. A medical renaissance? Introduction. Science 339, 1539 (2013).
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, Y., Peng, R. & You, Z. APPLIED ORIGAMI. Origami of thick panels. Science 349, 396–400 (2015).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Anderson, R. F., Ali, S., Bradtmiller, L. I., Nielsen, S. H. H., Fleisher, M. Q., Anderson, B. E. & Burckle, L. H. Wind-driven upwelling in the Southern Ocean and the deglacial rise in atmospheric CO2. Science 323, 1443–1448 (2009).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Filla, J. J. & Brown, H. E. Prospect Research for Fundraisers. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013).
An edited book
Surgery: A Case Based Clinical Review. (Springer, 2015).
A chapter in an edited book
Adam, C., Furtmüller, T. & Moschen, L. in Computational Methods in Earthquake Engineering: Volume 2 (eds. Papadrakakis, M., Fragiadakis, M. & Plevris, V.) 69–89 (Springer Netherlands, 2013).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Polymer Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Researchers Translate Chimpanzee ‘Language’. IFLScience (2014). at <>


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Intercity Passenger Rail: Amtrak Faces Challenges in Improving Its Financial Condition. (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1999).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vidal, E. M. Alcohol disorder with hip or knee surgery: Postoperative alcohol disorder-related costs and length of stay. (2014).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. Relatives of Flight 93 Victims Run to Keep Memories Alive. New York Times B16 (2011).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePolymer Journal
AbbreviationPolym. J.
ISSN (online)1349-0540
ScopeMaterials Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics

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