How to format your references using the Polymer Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Polymer Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bollen, M. Cell cycle: It takes three to find the exit. Nature 517, 29–30 (2015).
A journal article with 2 authors
Beninger, R. J. & Quinsey, V. L. Animal behaviour: chimpanzee choice and prosociality. Nature 440, E6; discussion E6 (2006).
A journal article with 3 authors
Ford, H. L., Ravelo, A. C. & Polissar, P. J. Reduced El Niño-Southern Oscillation during the Last Glacial Maximum. Science 347, 255–258 (2015).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Meng, H., Xie, W.-J., Jiang, Z.-Q., Podobnik, B., Zhou, W.-X. & Stanley, H. E. Systemic risk and spatiotemporal dynamics of the US housing market. Sci. Rep. 4, 3655 (2014).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Narang, R. K. Inside the Black Box. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013).
An edited book
Encyclopedia of Optimization. (Springer US, 2009).
A chapter in an edited book
Wersényi, G. in Auditory Display: 6th International Symposium, CMMR/ICAD 2009, Copenhagen, Denmark, May 18-22, 2009. Revised Papers (eds. Ystad, S., Aramaki, M., Kronland-Martinet, R. & Jensen, K.) 80–102 (Springer, 2010).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Polymer Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Marriage of Ancient and Modern Makes Rosetta Mission a True Space Odyssey. IFLScience (2014). at <;


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. IT Supply Chain: Additional Efforts Needed by National Security-Related Agencies to Address Risks. (U.S. Government Printing Office, 2012).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rogers, S. L. Fear of Cancer and Theory of Planned Behavior as Predictors of Pap Screenings. (2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. The Air Down There Soothes Feet. New York Times E9 (2010).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePolymer Journal
AbbreviationPolym. J.
ISSN (online)1349-0540
ScopeMaterials Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics

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