How to format your references using the Polymer Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Polymer Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
López-Urrutia, A. Allometry: How reliable is the biological time clock? Nature 424, 269–70; discussion 270 (2003).
A journal article with 2 authors
Prins, G. & Rayner, S. Time to ditch Kyoto. Nature 449, 973–975 (2007).
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhao, J., Liu, Q. & Wang, X. Competitive dynamics on complex networks. Sci. Rep. 4, 5858 (2014).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Riddell, B. E., Beamish, R. J., Richards, L. J. & Candy, J. R. Comment on ‘Declining wild salmon populations in relation to parasites from farm salmon’. Science 322, 1790; author reply 1790 (2008).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vorbrüggen, H. Silicon-Mediated Transformations of Functional Groups. (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2005).
An edited book
Frontiers of Combining Systems: 8th International Symposium, FroCoS 2011, Saarbrücken, Germany, October 5-7, 2011. Proceedings. 6989, (Springer, 2011).
A chapter in an edited book
Mariano, P. M. in Continuous Media with Microstructure 2 (eds. Albers, B. & Kuczma, M.) 53–76 (Springer International Publishing, 2016).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Polymer Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. What Blind Beetles Can Teach Us About Evolution. IFLScience (2015). at <>


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Use of Department of Education Title III Grant Funds by the International Institute of the Americas of World University. (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1984).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Serranilla, M. Env7p localizes to the vacuole membrane and plays a role in vacuolar protein processing. (2012).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx, L. A Romance With Lemon Juice and Two Beach Towels. New York Times ST20 (2014).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePolymer Journal
AbbreviationPolym. J.
ISSN (online)1349-0540
ScopeMaterials Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics

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