How to format your references using the Polymer Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Polymer Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cramer, P. Molecular biology. Self-correcting messages. Science 313, 447–448 (2006).
A journal article with 2 authors
Sothmann, B. & Flindt, C. Physics. Quantized electronic heat flow. Science 342, 569–570 (2013).
A journal article with 3 authors
Bigelow, M. S., Lepeshkin, N. N. & Boyd, R. W. Superluminal and slow light propagation in a room-temperature solid. Science 301, 200–202 (2003).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tsukazaki, T., Mori, H., Echizen, Y., Ishitani, R., Fukai, S., Tanaka, T., Perederina, A., Vassylyev, D. G., Kohno, T., Maturana, A. D., Ito, K. & Nureki, O. Structure and function of a membrane component SecDF that enhances protein export. Nature 474, 235–238 (2011).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davis, J. H. Statistics for Compensation. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011).
An edited book
Perennial Biomass Crops for a Resource-Constrained World. (Springer International Publishing, 2016).
A chapter in an edited book
Rana, O. F., Akram, A. & Lynden, S. J. in Socionics: Scalability of Complex Social Systems (eds. Fischer, K., Florian, M. & Malsch, T.) 68–83 (Springer, 2005).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Polymer Journal.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. Ultra, Super, Clean Coal Power? We’ve Heard It Before. IFLScience (2017).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Department of Homeland Security: Actions Needed to Strengthen Management of Research and Development. (U.S. Government Printing Office, 2014).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Matthews, L. K. The impact of trait displaced aggression and social support on cardiovascular reactivity. (2016).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Galani, U. & Hay, G. Helping Dubai, but Only So Far. New York Times B2 (2009).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePolymer Journal
AbbreviationPolym. J.
ISSN (online)1349-0540
ScopeMaterials Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics

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