How to format your references using the Polymer Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Polymer Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Petrukovich, A. A. Planetary science. The elusive onset of geomagnetic substorms. Science 321, 920–921 (2008).
A journal article with 2 authors
Mathieu, R. D. & Geller, A. M. A binary star fraction of 76 per cent and unusual orbit parameters for the blue stragglers of NGC 188. Nature 462, 1032–1035 (2009).
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, K., Dickinson, R. E. & Liang, S. Clear sky visibility has decreased over land globally from 1973 to 2007. Science 323, 1468–1470 (2009).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ma, L., Kong, F., Ge, H., Liu, J., Gong, F., Xu, L., Hu, B. & Sun, R. Ventricular hypertrophy blocked delayed anesthetic cardioprotection in rats by alteration of iNOS/COX-2 signaling. Sci. Rep. 4, 7071 (2014).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bakshi, A. B. & Prasanna, V. K. Architecture-Independent Programming for Wireless Sensor Networks. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2007).
An edited book
Research in Computational Molecular Biology: 17th Annual International Conference, RECOMB 2013, Beijing, China, April 7-10, 2013. Proceedings. 7821, (Springer, 2013).
A chapter in an edited book
Bronshtein, I. N., Semendyayev, K. A., Musiol, G. & Mühlig, H. in Handbook of Mathematics (eds. Semendyayev, K. A., Musiol, G. & Mühlig, H.) 269–322 (Springer, 2015).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Polymer Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Pure Antimalarial Medications Synthesized From Plant Waste Products. IFLScience (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Learning Disabilities: The Link to Delinquency Should Be Determined, but Schools Should Do More Now. (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1977).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Farooq, A. S. Singing the blues: Indicators of mental illness among nursing home elderly. (2012).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. Justices Hear Case on Right To Choose Defense Counsel. New York Times A17 (2006).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePolymer Journal
AbbreviationPolym. J.
ISSN (online)1349-0540
ScopeMaterials Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics

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